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Lionel Frost Bowen, AC (28 December 1922 – 1 April 2012) was an Australian politician and senior Labor Party figure, serving in the ministries of Gough Whitlam and Bob Hawke. He was Deputy Prime Minister of Australia from 1983 to 1990.


Lionel Bowen

Lionel Bowen.jpg
6th Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
In office
11 March 1983 – 4 April 1990
Prime MinisterBob Hawke
Preceded byDoug Anthony
Succeeded byPaul Keating
Deputy Leader of the Labor Party
In office
22 December 1977 – 4 April 1990
LeaderBill Hayden
Bob Hawke
Preceded byTom Uren
Succeeded byPaul Keating
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
In office
22 December 1977 – 11 March 1983
LeaderBill Hayden
Bob Hawke
Preceded byTom Uren
Succeeded byJohn Howard
Attorney-General
In office
13 December 1984 – 4 April 1990
LeaderBob Hawke
Preceded byGareth Evans
Succeeded byMichael Duffy
Vice-President of the Executive Council
In office
14 July 1983 – 24 July 1987
LeaderBob Hawke
Preceded byMick Young
Succeeded byMick Young
Minister for Trade
In office
11 March 1983 – 13 December 1984
LeaderBob Hawke
Preceded byDoug Anthony
Succeeded byJohn Dawkins
Minister for Manufacturing Industry
In office
6 June 1975 – 11 November 1975
LeaderGough Whitlam
Preceded byJim McClelland
Succeeded byBob Cotton
Special Minister of State
In office
30 November 1973 – 6 June 1975
LeaderGough Whitlam
Preceded byDon Willesee
Succeeded byDoug McClelland
Postmaster-General
In office
19 December 1972 – 12 June 1974
LeaderGough Whitlam
Preceded byLance Barnard
Succeeded byReg Bishop
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Kingsford Smith
In office
25 October 1969 – 19 February 1990
Preceded byDan Curtin
Succeeded byLaurie Brereton
Personal details
Born(1922-12-28)28 December 1922
Ultimo, New South Wales
Died1 April 2012(2012-04-01) (aged 89)
Sydney, New South Wales
NationalityAustralian
Political partyAustralian Labor Party
Spouse(s)Claire Clement
Children8
Alma materUniversity of Sydney
OccupationSolicitor
Military service
AllegianceAustralia Australia
Branch/serviceAustralian Army
Years of service1941–1945
RankCorporal

Personal lifeEdit

Bowen was born in the Sydney suburb of Ultimo. His father left the family when Bowen was aged 10 years and Bowen's mother looked after her invalid brother and elderly mother, while working as a cleaner.[2] Bowen was educated at Cleveland Street public school, Marcellin College Randwick and Sydney University where he graduated with a LLB in 1946 and became a solicitor. He served in the Second Australian Imperial Force from 1941 to 1945, reaching the rank of corporal.[3][4]

Bowen and his wife, Claire, married in 1953 and had three daughters and five sons. He lived in the same home in Kensington for 73 years.[5] His son Tony was a mayor of the City of Randwick.[6]

Political careerEdit

Bowen was elected to Randwick Council and became Mayor in 1948.[7] He served in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1962 to 1969, representing Randwick,[4] before being elected to the Parliament of Australia in 1969, to the seat of Kingsford Smith in the House of Representatives. From 1972 to 1975 he served successively as Minister for Manufacturing Industry, Special Minister of State and Postmaster-General in the Whitlam cabinet.

Bowen played a relatively quiet role in politics, preferring to work behind the scenes.[2][5][7] A significant achievement came when he served as acting education minister in the Whitlam government (during the illness and hospitalization of incumbent education minister Kim Beazley Senior), when he managed to split the opposition and win National Party support in the Senate for needs-based funding for non-government schools.[8]

When Whitlam resigned as Labor leader after his defeat at the 1977 election, Bowen contested the party leadership but was defeated by Bill Hayden and became Deputy Leader. He retained this position when Bob Hawke became Leader in February 1983. When Hawke won the March 1983 election, Bowen became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Trade in the first Hawke Ministry. In July 1983, he was appointed Vice-President of the Executive Council and in the second Hawke ministry, he became Attorney-General, losing the Trade portfolio.

In 1988 Bowen sponsored four referendums to reform the Australian Constitution (see 1988 Australian referendum), but all were defeated. He retired from federal politics prior to the March 1990 election, and was succeeded as Deputy Prime Minister by Paul Keating.

Post political careerEdit

Bowen served as Chairman of the National Gallery of Australia between 1990 and 1995 and shared a strong interest in horseracing.[5]

In 1990, he was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal,[9] and in 1991, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia "in recognition of service to the community and politics."[10] In 2001, he received a Centenary Medal.[11]

Bowen died from pneumonia on 1 April 2012[12] after years afflicted with Alzheimer's disease.[5] He was given a state funeral on 11 April 2012.[13]

LegacyEdit

The Family Court of Australia and the Federal Magistrates Court are located in the Lionel Bowen Building in Goulburn Street, Sydney.[citation needed] The City of Randwick main library is known as the Lionel Bowen Library.[14] Lionel Bowen Park is situated in the suburb of Mascot.[15]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Labor's staunch Catholic politician Lionel Bowen dies". CathNews. 1 April 2012. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Lionel Bowen: the model deputy". ABC News. Australia. AAP. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Bowen, Lionel Frost". World War II Nominal Roll. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Mr Lionel Frost Bowen (1922-2012)". Former Members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Humphries, David (3 April 2012). "Labor's anchor through turbulent era". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  6. ^ Herbertson, Lisa (26 September 2012). "Tony Bowen elected as new mayor of Randwick Council". Southern Courier. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  7. ^ a b Benson, Simon (2 April 2012). "Vale Lionel Bowen: a true working class hero". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  8. ^ Steketee, Mike (2 April 2012). "Legend of Labor Lionel Bowen never lost the touch". The Australian. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  9. ^ Taylor, Alister; Coddington, Deborah (1994). Honoured by the Queen – New Zealand. Auckland: New Zealand Who's Who Aotearoa. p. 73. ISBN 0-908578-34-2.
  10. ^ "Mr Lionel Frost Bowen, Companion of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
  11. ^ "Mr Lionel Frost Bowen, Centenary Medal". It's an Honour. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  12. ^ Wroe, David (2 April 2012). "Death of Labor elder Bowen, who remained an everyday bloke". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  13. ^ "'Unique' Bowen farewelled at Sydney funeral". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 11 April 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  14. ^ 0999, ; corporateName=Randwick City Council; address=30 Frances Street, Randwick, NSW, 2031; contact=+61 2 9399. "Lionel Bowen Library and Community Centre, Maroubra". www.randwick.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  15. ^ Hoenig, Ron (2 September 2013). "Ron Hoenig Member for Heffron: Lionel Bowen Park dedication". ronhoenig.blogspot.com.au. Retrieved 16 July 2017.

 

Civic offices
Preceded by
George Nicholas Elias Dan
Mayor of Randwick
1951
Succeeded by
Lou Walsh
Preceded by
Harry Jensen
Mayor of Randwick
1955
Succeeded by
Ranville Ashmore Popplewell
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Daniel Curtin
Member for Kingsford Smith
1969–1990
Succeeded by
Laurie Brereton
Political offices
Preceded by
Alan Hulme
Postmaster-General
1972–1974
Succeeded by
Reg Bishop
Preceded by
Doug Anthony
Deputy Prime Minister of Australia
1983–1990
Succeeded by
Paul Keating
Minister for Trade
1983–1984
Succeeded by
John Dawkins
Preceded by
Gareth Evans
Attorney-General
1984–1990
Succeeded by
Michael Duffy
Party political offices
Preceded by
Tom Uren
Deputy Leader of the Labor Party
1977–1990
Succeeded by
Paul Keating