Line 1 (Shanghai Metro)

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Line 1 is a north-south line of the Shanghai Metro. It runs from Fujin Road in the north, via Shanghai Railway Station to Xinzhuang in the south. The first line to open in the Shanghai Metro system, Line 1 serves many important points in Shanghai, including People's Square and Xujiahui. Due to the large number of important locations served, this line is extremely busy, with a daily ridership of over 1,000,000 passengers.[4] The line is colored red on system maps. Generally, the line runs at grade beside the Shanghai–Hangzhou railway in the south, underground in the city center and elevated on the second deck of the North–South Elevated Road in the North.

Line 1
SHM Line 1 icon.svg
Shanghai Metro Line1 AC06.JPG
Line 1 AC06 trainset in November 2013
Overview
Other name(s)R1 (planned name)
TypeRapid transit
SystemShanghai Metro
StatusExtension to Chongming Island in planning
LocaleMinhang, Xuhui, Huangpu, Jing'an, and Baoshan districts
Shanghai
TerminiFujin Road
Xinzhuang
Stations28
Daily ridership1.507 million (2019 peak)[1]
Operation
OpenedMay 28, 1993; 27 years ago (1993-05-28)
Operator(s)
CharacterUnderground and elevated
Technical
Line length36.39 km (22.61 mi)[2]
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
ElectrificationOverhead lines (1500 volts)
Operating speed80 km/h (50 mph)[3]
Route map
Line 1
To scale map of Shanghai Metro Line 1

Service routesEdit

StationsEdit

Service
routes
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Xinzhuang 莘庄  5   Jinshan    XZH 0.00 0.00 Minhang
Waihuanlu 外环路 1.31 1.31
Lianhua Road 莲花路 1.46 2.77
Jinjiang Park 锦江乐园 1.63 4.40 Xuhui
Shanghai South Railway Station 上海南站  3   Jinshan    SNH 2.09 6.49
Caobao Road 漕宝路  12  1.60 8.09
Shanghai Indoor Stadium 上海体育馆  4  1.57 9.66
Xujiahui 徐家汇  9   11  1.20 10.86
Hengshan Road 衡山路 1.58 12.44
Changshu Road 常熟路  7  1.09 13.53
South Shaanxi Road 陕西南路  10   12  0.93 14.46 Huangpu
South Huangpi Road 黄陂南路 1.32 15.78
People's Square 人民广场  2   8  1.57 17.35
Xinzha Road 新闸路 0.95 18.30
Hanzhong Road 汉中路  12   13  0.99 19.29 Jing'an
Shanghai Railway Station 上海火车站  3   4 [a]   SHH 0.82 20.11
North Zhongshan Road 中山北路 1.37 21.48
Yanchang Road 延长路 1.52 23.00
Shanghai Circus World 上海马戏城 0.93 23.93
Wenshui Road 汶水路 1.44 25.37
Pengpu Xincun 彭浦新村 1.57 26.94
Gongkang Road 共康路 1.39 28.33
Tonghe Xincun 通河新村 1.44 29.77 Baoshan
Hulan Road 呼兰路 1.01 30.78
Gongfu Xincun 共富新村 1.75 32.53
Bao'an Highway 宝安公路 1.64 34.17
West Youyi Road 友谊西路 1.32 35.49
Fujin Road 富锦路 1.27 36.76
 
Line 1 train running under the North–South Elevated Road.

Important stationsEdit

  • Shanghai Railway Station - Connects the metro with the main railway station in the city, allowing rail transport to and from other provinces. Virtual Interchange with Lines 3 and 4.
  • People's Square - This station serves a business and shopping area, and is also close to multiple tourist attractions making the station busy all day long. Interchange with Lines 2 and 8.
  • Xujiahui - This is a business and commercial area, also with tourist attractions such as the Xujiahui Cathedral. Interchange with Lines 9 and 11.
  • Shanghai Indoor Stadium - This station is located at the sports stadium of the same name and the biggest regional and long distance bus station in the city. Interchange with Line 4.
  • Shanghai South Railway Station - This station serves the second railway station of the city, which accommodates trains serving cities mainly to the south. Interchange with Line 3.
  • Xinzhuang - The southern terminus of Line 1; interchange with Line 5.

Rolling StockEdit

Type Time of manufacturing Series Sets Assembly Notes
Type A 1992 01A01 1 (102) Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou
Type A 1992–1994 01A01 10 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by ADtranz and Siemens AG
Type A 1992–1994 01A02 5 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou the new reformed 8 car sets
Type A 1999 01A03 8 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by Siemens AG
Type A 1999–2001 01A04 12 Tc+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+Tc Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou
Type A 1998 01A03 1 (117) Tc+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+Tc Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou
Type A 2006–2007 01A05 16 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by Shanghai Electric, CSR Puzhen and Alstom
Type A 2017 01A06 Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc Manufactured by CSR Changchun

SignallingEdit

The first line in the system, Shanghai Metro was conceived and designed during 1980s, when fixed block signalling and track circuit based train control (TBTC) was still considered a state-of-art approach to automatic train operation. The signalling system was designed by CASCO, a signalling manufacturer owned jointly by China Railway Signal & Communication Group Corporation (CRSC) and General Railway Signal (GRS), and was largely based on the system designed by GRS for the Washington Metro. Coded audio-frequency (AF) track circuits are used for both train detection and transmission of speed commands, as well as limited train-to-wayside communication (TWC) for automatic train supervision (ATS). Train operation between stations and station stop can be automatic, while doors are controlled manually by train operators.[5][6]From 2013 to 2019, the system went through a wholesale renewal. Obsolete components as relay interlockings were replaced by modern microprocessor-based ones, but interfaces were kept unchanged. [7]As of 2020, the original design is expected to serve two additional decades.[8]

HeadwaysEdit

Mon-Thur
Time Xinzhuang -
Shanghai Railway Station
Fujin Road -
Shanghai Railway Station
AM peak 7:00–9:30 2 min 44 secs
PM peak 16:30–19:30 3 min
Other Periods
First Train — 7:00
19:30 — Last Train
4–9 min
9:00–17:00 4 min 01 sec 6 min 02 secs
Fri
AM Peak 7:00–9:30 2 min 44 secs
Non-Peak 9:30–14:30 4 min 01 sec 6 min 02 secs
PM Peak 14:30–17:00 4 min 01 sec
17:00–19:00 3 min
Other Periods
First Train — 7:00
21:00 — Last Train
4-9 min
Weekends
Peak Period 9:00–20:00 4 min 05 secs
Other Periods
First Train — 8:00
21:00 — Last Train
6–12 min

[9]

HistoryEdit

  • May 28, 1993 - The first 4.4 km (2.7 mi) long section of the line, from Xujiahui to Shanghai South Railway Station (formerly known as Xinlonghua), opens.
  • April 10, 1995 - The entire 16.1 km (10.0 mi) long original line, from Shanghai Railway Station to Jinjiang Park, opens.
  • December 28, 1996 - Separate southern section from Jinjiang Park (formerly known as Hongmei Road South) to Xinzhuang opens. Northern extension continues to operate to Shanghai Railway Station.
  • July 1, 1997 - The northern and southern sections are connected, forming one complete line from Shanghai Railway Station - Xinzhuang.
  • December 28, 2004 - Line runs from Gongfu Xincun - Xinzhuang after northern extension opens.
  • December 29, 2007 - Second northern extension opens; full line runs from Fujin Road - Xinzhuang.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Shanghai South — Xujiahui 28 May 1993 4.4 km (2.73 mi) 4 (1st section)
Xujiahui — Shanghai 10 April 1995 16.1 km (10.00 mi) 8 (2nd section)
Xinzhuang — Shanghai South 28 December 1996 5.3 km (3.29 mi) 4 Southern extension
Shanghai — Gongfu Xincun 28 December 2004 12.4 km (7.71 mi) 9 1st Northern extension
Gongfu Xincun — Fujin Road 29 December 2007 4.3 km (2.67 mi) 3 2nd Northern extension

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Out of system transfer with Line 3 and Line 4.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Metro breaks records" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro 163 Official. 2019-03-09. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
  2. ^ "Operations Overview". Shanghai Metro Operation Co, Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-08-31. Retrieved 2007-09-24.
  3. ^ "Shanghai Metro Lines 1 & 2". Movia. Bombardier. Retrieved 2007-10-14.
  4. ^ "Ridership". Sina. Retrieved 2012-05-03.
  5. ^ 陈其昌 (1996), 上海地铁一号线采用的列车自动控制系统 [ATC in Line No.1 of Shanghai Subway], 铁道通信信号, retrieved 2020-05-17CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  6. ^ 黄钟 (1997), 上海地铁二号线ATC系统的技术比选及对国产化的认识, 地铁与轻轨, retrieved 2020-05-17
  7. ^ "卡斯柯助力上海地铁1号线信号系统改造". CASCO. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
  8. ^ 张琳, ed. (2020-03-19). "工作室持续研发,可移动测试台和云监控的时代即将到来!" (Press release). 上海地铁维保公司通号六支部. Archived from the original on 2020-05-17. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
  9. ^ "Schedule" (in Chinese). Shanghai Metro. 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-06.

Coordinates: 31°16′09″N 121°27′25″E / 31.2692°N 121.4570°E / 31.2692; 121.4570