Line 1 (Shanghai Metro)
Line 1 is a north-south line of the Shanghai Metro. It runs from Fujin Road in the north, via Shanghai Railway Station to Xinzhuang in the south. The first line to open in the Shanghai Metro system, Line 1 serves many important points in Shanghai, including People's Square and Xujiahui. Due to the large number of important locations served, this line is extremely busy, with a daily ridership of over 1,000,000 passengers. The line is colored red on system maps. Generally, the line runs at grade beside the Shanghai–Hangzhou railway in the south, underground in the city center and elevated on the second deck of the North–South Elevated Road in the North.
Line 1 AC06 trainset in November 2013
|Other name(s)||R1 (planned name)|
|Status||Extension to Chongming Island in planning|
|Locale||Minhang, Xuhui, Huangpu, Jing'an, and Baoshan districts|
|Daily ridership||1.507 million (2019 peak)|
|Opened||May 28, 1993|
|Character||Underground and elevated|
|Line length||36.39 km (22.61 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||Overhead lines (1500 volts)|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
|●||●||Shanghai South Railway Station||上海南站||SNH||2.09||6.49|
|●||●||Shanghai Indoor Stadium||上海体育馆||1.57||9.66|
|●||●||South Shaanxi Road||陕西南路||0.93||14.46||Huangpu|
|●||●||South Huangpi Road||黄陂南路||1.32||15.78|
|●||●||Shanghai Railway Station||上海火车站||[a] SHH||0.82||20.11|
|●||North Zhongshan Road||中山北路||1.37||21.48|
|●||Shanghai Circus World||上海马戏城||0.93||23.93|
|●||West Youyi Road||友谊西路||1.32||35.49|
- Shanghai Railway Station - Connects the metro with the main railway station in the city, allowing rail transport to and from other provinces. Virtual Interchange with Lines 3 and 4.
- People's Square - This station serves a business and shopping area, and is also close to multiple tourist attractions making the station busy all day long. Interchange with Lines 2 and 8.
- Xujiahui - This is a business and commercial area, also with tourist attractions such as the Xujiahui Cathedral. Interchange with Lines 9 and 11.
- Shanghai Indoor Stadium - This station is located at the sports stadium of the same name and the biggest regional and long distance bus station in the city. Interchange with Line 4.
- Shanghai South Railway Station - This station serves the second railway station of the city, which accommodates trains serving cities mainly to the south. Interchange with Line 3.
- Xinzhuang - The southern terminus of Line 1; interchange with Line 5.
|Type||Time of manufacturing||Series||Sets||Assembly||Notes|
|Type A||1992||01A01||1 (102)||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou|
|Type A||1992–1994||01A01||10||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by ADtranz and Siemens AG|
|Type A||1992–1994||01A02||5||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou the new reformed 8 car sets|
|Type A||1999||01A03||8||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by Siemens AG|
|Type A||1999–2001||01A04||12||Tc+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+Tc||Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou|
|Type A||1998||01A03||1 (117)||Tc+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+Tc||Manufactured by Siemens AG and CSR Zhuzhou|
|Type A||2006–2007||01A05||16||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by Shanghai Electric, CSR Puzhen and Alstom|
|Type A||2017||01A06||Tc+Mp+M+Mp+M+Mp+M+Tc||Manufactured by CSR Changchun|
The first line in the system, Shanghai Metro was conceived and designed during 1980s, when fixed block signalling and track circuit based train control (TBTC) was still considered a state-of-art approach to automatic train operation. The signalling system was designed by CASCO, a signalling manufacturer owned jointly by China Railway Signal & Communication Group Corporation (CRSC) and General Railway Signal (GRS), and was largely based on the system designed by GRS for the Washington Metro. Coded audio-frequency (AF) track circuits are used for both train detection and transmission of speed commands, as well as limited train-to-wayside communication (TWC) for automatic train supervision (ATS). Train operation between stations and station stop can be automatic, while doors are controlled manually by train operators.From 2013 to 2019, the system went through a wholesale renewal. Obsolete components as relay interlockings were replaced by modern microprocessor-based ones, but interfaces were kept unchanged. As of 2020, the original design is expected to serve two additional decades.
Shanghai Railway Station
|Fujin Road - |
Shanghai Railway Station
|AM peak||7:00–9:30||2 min 44 secs|
|PM peak||16:30–19:30||3 min|
|9:00–17:00||4 min 01 sec||6 min 02 secs|
|AM Peak||7:00–9:30||2 min 44 secs|
|Non-Peak||9:30–14:30||4 min 01 sec||6 min 02 secs|
|PM Peak||14:30–17:00||4 min 01 sec|
|Peak Period||9:00–20:00||4 min 05 secs|
- May 28, 1993 - The first 4.4 km (2.7 mi) long section of the line, from Xujiahui to Shanghai South Railway Station (formerly known as Xinlonghua), opens.
- April 10, 1995 - The entire 16.1 km (10.0 mi) long original line, from Shanghai Railway Station to Jinjiang Park, opens.
- December 28, 1996 - Separate southern section from Jinjiang Park (formerly known as Hongmei Road South) to Xinzhuang opens. Northern extension continues to operate to Shanghai Railway Station.
- July 1, 1997 - The northern and southern sections are connected, forming one complete line from Shanghai Railway Station - Xinzhuang.
- December 28, 2004 - Line runs from Gongfu Xincun - Xinzhuang after northern extension opens.
- December 29, 2007 - Second northern extension opens; full line runs from Fujin Road - Xinzhuang.
|Shanghai South — Xujiahui||28 May 1993||4.4 km (2.73 mi)||4||(1st section)|
|Xujiahui — Shanghai||10 April 1995||16.1 km (10.00 mi)||8||(2nd section)|
|Xinzhuang — Shanghai South||28 December 1996||5.3 km (3.29 mi)||4||Southern extension|
|Shanghai — Gongfu Xincun||28 December 2004||12.4 km (7.71 mi)||9||1st Northern extension|
|Gongfu Xincun — Fujin Road||29 December 2007||4.3 km (2.67 mi)||3||2nd Northern extension|
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