Lindt & Sprüngli
Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli AG, more commonly known as Lindt, is a Swiss chocolatier and confectionery company founded in 1845 and known for its chocolate truffles and chocolate bars, among other sweets.
|Traded as||SIX: LISN|
|Ernst Tanner (Exec.Chairman)|
Dieter Weisskopf (CEO)
|Products||Chocolate, confectionery, ice cream|
|Revenue||4.088 billion CHF (2017)|
|452.5 million CHF (2017)|
Number of employees
Founding and early yearsEdit
The origins of the company date back to 1836, when David Sprüngli-Schwarz and his son Rudolf Sprüngli-Ammann bought a small confectionery shop in the old town of Zürich, producing chocolates under the name David Sprüngli & Son. Before they moved to Paradeplatz in 1845, they established a small factory where they produced their chocolate in solidified form in 1838.
When Rudolf Sprüngli-Ammann retired in 1892, he gave two equal parts of the business to his sons. The younger brother David Robert received two confectionery stores that became known under the name Confiserie Sprüngli. The elder brother Johann Rudolf received the chocolate factory. To raise the necessary finances for his expansion plans, Johann Rudolf then converted his private company into "Chocolat Sprüngli AG" in 1899. In that same year, he acquired the chocolate factory of Rodolphe Lindt in Bern, and the company changed its name to "Aktiengesellschaft Vereinigte Berner und Züricher Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli" (United Bern and Zurich Lindt and Sprungli Chocolate Factory Ltd.).
In 1994, Lindt & Sprüngli acquired the Austrian chocolatier, Hofbauer Österreich, and integrated it, along with its Küfferle brand, into the company. In 1997 and 1998, respectively, the company acquired the Italian chocolatier Caffarel and the American chocolatier Ghirardelli, and integrated both of them into the company as wholly owned subsidiaries. Since then, Lindt & Sprüngli has expanded the once-regional Ghirardelli to the international market.
Lindt & Sprüngli has twelve factories: Kilchberg, Switzerland; Aachen, Germany; Oloron-Sainte-Marie, France; Induno Olona, Italy; Gloggnitz, Austria; and Stratham, New Hampshire, in the United States. The factory in Gloggnitz, Austria, manufactures products under the Hofbauer & Küfferle brand in addition to the Lindt brand. Caffarel's factory is located in Luserna San Giovanni, Italy, and Ghirardelli's factory is located in San Leandro, California, in the United States. Furthermore, there are four more factories of Russell Stover in the United States.
Lindt chocolate cafésEdit
Lindt has opened over 410 chocolate cafés and shops all over the world. The cafés' menu offers mostly focuses on chocolate and desserts. They also sell handmade chocolates, macaroons, cakes, and ice cream.
Originally, Lindor was introduced as a bar in 1949 and later in 1967 in form of a ball. Lindor is a type of chocolate produced by Lindt, which is now characterized by a hard chocolate shell and a smooth chocolate filling. It comes in both a ball and a bar variety, as well as in a variety of flavours. Each flavour listed below has its own wrapper colour:
|Black / Silver||Extra Dark (60% cocoa outside and dark chocolate filling)|
|Black with Ghosts;
White and Blue Snowmen;
Lime Green with Pink, Purple, and Yellow Flowers and Butterflies;
Lime Green with White and Yellow Flowers;
Red with Hearts
|Milk outside with smooth white filling (seasonal flavour)|
|Black with Green||Dark Peppermint (Limited Edition)|
|Brown and Gold||Milk chocolate shell filled with sugared hazelnut chunks|
|Dark Brown (with print 'Café')||Mocha|
|Gold and White||White Chocolate|
|Light Blue||Stracciatella: white chocolate shell with cocoa pieces with a smooth white filling|
|Light Pink||Irish Cream|
|Hot Pink||Strawberries and Cream|
|Light Purple||Almond Case|
|Lime Green||Lemon (Limited Edition)|
|Amber||Mango and Cream (Limited Edition)|
|Orange||Dark chocolate shell filled with orange chocolate filling|
|White with Gold||Marc de Champagne|
|Sky Blue||Sea Salt|
|Sky Blue with White Stripe (with print 'Latte')||Milk and Cereal Crunch|
|Bronze (with print 'Caramel')||Caramel|
|Dark Aqua||Sea Salt & Caramel|
Lindt also produces the Gold Bunny, a hollow milk chocolate rabbit in a variety of sizes available every Easter since 1952. Each bunny wears a small coloured ribbon bow around its neck identifying the type of chocolate contained within. The milk chocolate bunny wears a red ribbon, the dark chocolate bunny wears a dark brown ribbon, the hazelnut bunny wears a green ribbon, and the white chocolate bunny wears a white ribbon. Other chocolates are wrapped to look like carrots, chicks, or lambs. The lambs are packaged with four white lambs and one black lamb.
During the Christmas season, Lindt produces a variety of items, including chocolate reindeer (which somewhat resemble the classic bunny), Santa, snowmen figures of various sizes, bears, bells, advent calendars, and chocolate ornaments. Various tins and boxes are available in the Lindt stores, the most popular colour schemes being the red and blue. Other seasonal items include Lindt chocolate novelty golf balls.
For Valentine's Day, Lindt sells a boxed version of the Gold Bunny, which comes as a set of two kissing bunnies. Other Valentine's Day seasonal items include a selection of heart-shaped boxes of Lindor chocolate truffles.
Lindt sells a variety of chocolate bars. Flavours from the Excellence range include:
- Mint Intense: dark chocolate infused with mint
- Orange Intense: dark chocolate infused with orange essence and almond flakes
- Black Currant: dark chocolate infused with pieces of black currant and almond slivers
- White Coconut: white chocolate with crisp flakes of fine coconut
- Coconut: dark chocolate with crisp flakes of coconut
- Almond: white chocolate with whole roasted almonds and caramelised almond pieces
- Poire Intense: pear flavoured chocolate with almond flakes
- Pineapple: dark chocolate with pineapple pieces and caramelised hazelnut pieces
- Cherry Intense
- Regular Dark Chocolate: available in 50%, 60%, 70%, 78%, 85%, 90%, 95% or 99% cocoa varieties
- Extra Creamy: milk chocolate
- Toffee Crunch: crunchy toffee bits wrapped in milk chocolate
- Caramel Crunchy: studded with crunchy caramel
- Lindor: the famous balls but in cube form
- Wasabi: an East Asian-inspired dark chocolate mixed with wasabi
- Pistachio: milk chocolate with creamy pistachio filling
- Mandarin: milk chocolate with creamy mandarin filling
- Strawberry: milk chocolate with creamy white chocolate strawberry filling
- Strawberry Margarita: capsule form with strawberry and margarita filling
- White Strawberry: white chocolate with strawberry pieces
- Orange: milk chocolate with creamy orange-flavoured filling
- Cuba: 55% cocoa, single-origin Cuban cocoa
- Madagascar: 70% cocoa, single-origin Madagascan cocoa
- Ecuador: 75% cocoa, single-origin Ecuadoran cocoa
- Vanilla: white chocolate with vanilla beans
- Chili: 70%-cocoa dark chocolate with red chili extract
- Raspberry Intense Dark: dark chocolate with pieces of raspberries and almond slivers
- A Touch of Sea Salt: dark chocolate seasoned with fleur de sel
Lindt's "Petits Desserts" range embodies famous European desserts in a small cube of chocolate. Flavours include: Tarte au Chocolat, Crème Brulée, Tiramisu, Creme Caramel, Tarte Citron, Meringue, and Noir Orange.
Lindt makes a "Creation" range of chocolate-filled cubes: Milk Mousse, Dark Milk Mousse, White Milk Mousse, Chocolate Mousse, Orange Mousse, Pistachio and Cherry/Chili.
In Australia, Lindt manufactures ice cream in various flavours:
- 70% Dark Chocolate
- White Chocolate Framboise
- Sable Cookies and Cream
- Chocolate Chip Hazelnut
- White Chocolate and Vanilla Bean
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In September 2017, an investigation conducted by NGO Mighty Earth found that a large amount of the cocoa used in chocolate produced by Lindt and other major chocolate companies was grown illegally in national parks and other protected areas in Ivory Coast and Ghana, the world’s two largest cocoa producers.
The report documents how, in several national parks and other protected areas, 90% or more of the land mass has been converted to cocoa. Less than four percent of Ivory Coast remains densely forested, and the chocolate companies' laissez-faire approach to sourcing has driven extensive deforestation in Ghana as well.
However Mighty Earth's 2019 annual "Easter Chocolate Shopping Guide" awarded The Good Egg Award to Lindt "for greatest improvement in sustainable policies."
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- Higonett, Etelle; Bellantonio, Marisa; Hurowitz, Glenn (15 September 2017). "Chocolate's Dark Secret" (PDF). Mighty. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Olam to acquire global cocoa business of Archer Daniels Midland for $1.7 billion". The Straits Times. 16 December 2014. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Olam Livelihood Charter 2016" (PDF). Olam. September 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Wessel, Marius; Quist-Wessel, P.M. Foluke (December 2015). "Cocoa production in West Africa, a review and analysis of recent developments". NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences. 74-75: 1–7. doi:10.1016/j.njas.2015.09.001.
- Harris, Nancy; Payne, Octavia; Alix Mann, Sarah (6 August 2015). "How Much Rainforest Is in That Chocolate Bar?". World Resources Institute. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Bitty, E. Anderson; Bi, Sery Gonedele; Bene, Jean-Claude Koffi; Kouassi, Philippe K.; McGraw, W. Scott (1 March 2015). "Cocoa Farming and Primate Extirpation Inside Cote D'ivoire's Protected Areas". Tropical Conservation Science. 8: 95–113. doi:10.1177/194008291500800110.
- "Analyse qualitative des facteurs de" (PDF). 10 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Mighty Earth 2019 Easter Chocolate Buying Guide" (PDF). Mighty Earth. April 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
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