Linda Carroll (born Linda Anne Risi; April 7, 1944) is an American author and a marriage counselor and family therapist. Carroll received national attention in 1993 when one of her patients, the fugitive Katherine Ann Power, turned herself in to authorities after spending twenty-three years eluding police. Carroll is best known professionally as a couple's therapist, and as an author of three books, the latest being Love Cycles: The Five Essential Stages of Lasting Love, in 2014.
Linda Anne Risi
April 7, 1944
|Residence||Corvallis, Oregon, U.S.|
|Occupation||Author, therapist, counselor|
|Children||5; including Courtney Love|
|Parent(s)||Paula Fox (mother)|
She has worked as a couple's therapist for more than 30 years. In addition to being a licensed psychotherapist, she is certified in Imago Therapy, the couple's therapy developed by Dr. Harville Hendrix and Dr. Helen LaKelly Hunt. She is also a master teacher in the Pairs Psychoeducation Process, a nationally recognized relationship education program for couples. Carroll studied Voice Dialogue with Drs. Hal and Sidra Stone, Holotropic Breathwork with Dr. Stanislav Grof, the Four-Fold with Angeles Arrien, the Diamond Heart Work of A.H. Almaas, and trained with The Couples Institute of Drs. Ellyn Bader and Peter Pearson. She is also certified in the Hot Monogamy program, which helps couples create or re-create a passionate connection between them.
Born and raised in San Francisco, Linda Carroll now lives in Corvallis, Oregon, with her veterinarian husband, Tim Barraud. She is the mother of singer and musician Courtney Love, and the daughter of novelist Paula Fox.
Linda was born to Paula Fox when Fox was 20, the result of a short-lived relationship. Paula lived under the roof of acting coach Stella Adler at the time, as did then unknown actor Marlon Brando. There have been persistent rumors that Brando fathered the child, although neither Brando nor Fox ever commented on the matter. Linda Carroll did not meet her birth mother until later in life. Given the tumultuous relationship with Paula's own biological parents, she gave the child up for adoption. Linda was adopted into a Catholic family of part Italian descent, and was raised in Pacific Heights by Jack and Louella Risi. Linda took her surname after her friend Judy Carroll, after Judy's death. Linda graduated from high school in 1961.
She married writer and one-time Grateful Dead manager Hank Harrison in 1963 in Reno, Nevada and gave birth to a daughter, Courtney Michelle Harrison on July 9, 1964. Within years of Courtney's birth, both Carroll's adoptive parents died. She divorced Harrison after eighteen months of marriage, alleging that he had given her the drug LSD, and brought her daughter Courtney with her to Marcola, Oregon. She had two other daughters, Nicole and Jaimee, with her second husband, Frank Rodríguez.
After finishing her bachelor's degree in Oregon in the 1970s, she moved to New Zealand. She returned to Oregon in the 1980s, received a masters in counseling, and began practicing as a therapist. Carroll and her veterinarian husband, Tim Barraud, began to teach a couples course based on the Imago work of Harville Hendrix, the PAIRS training of Dr. Lori Gordon, and their own insights, study, and practices.
As an adult, Carroll found that her birth mother is the novelist Paula Fox (her grandmother was screenwriter Elsie Fox). In 2006, her memoir Her Mother's Daughter: A Memoir of the Mother I Never Knew and of My Daughter, Courtney Love, was published by Doubleday. Love's agent called the book a work of "vicious and greedy fiction", and said, "We find it astonishing that any mother should write such a book. This is especially true in the case of Ms Carroll, who abandoned her daughter when she was a seven-year-old and whom Ms Love thus barely knows at all." Linda Carroll, however, contends in her memoir that she left Courtney with a friend for just two months at age nine while she was looking for a home in New Zealand and that Courtney remained with her until she emancipated herself at age 16. Linda Carroll has not spoken to her daughter in years and remains estranged.
"Far from a celebrity memoir, Her Mother's Daughter," Booklist, the review journal of the American Library Association wrote, "Despite the suggestive subtitle, Carroll's memoir is far less tell-all than it is her personal recollections of growing up feeling alienated from her adoptive family, her peers, and her religion. ... A thoughtful memoir of one woman's coming-of-age in the turbulent 1960s and 1970s."
As of 2015, Carroll has five children and ten grandchildren.
- Her Mother's Daughter: A Memoir of the Mother I Never Knew and of My Daughter, Courtney Love Doubleday. 2006. (ISBN 978-0-3855-1247-3)
- Remember Who You Are: Seven Stages on a Woman's Journey of Spirit Conari Press. 2008. (ISBN 978-1-5732-4367-4)
- Love Cycles: The Five Essential Stages of Lasting Love New World Library. 2014. (ISBN 978-1-6086-8300-0)
- Egan, Timothy (September 17, 1993). "A Conscience Haunted by a Radical Crime". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.
- Crawford 2014, p. 57.
- "Carroll, Linda". Library of Congress.
- Marano, Hara Estroff; Perina, Kaja (July 1, 2006). "Tortured Love". Psychology Today.
- Egan, Timothy (September 7, 1993). "A Conscience Haunted by a Radical's Crime". The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- "Therapists: Linda Carroll-Barraud". Psychology Today. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Carroll, Linda (15 August 2014). Love Cycles: The Five Essential Stages of Lasting Love. New World Library. ISBN 978-1-60868-301-7.
- "Imago Therapist Details". imagorelationships.org. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Love Cycles, Linda Carroll, M.S." Rancho Le Puerta. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Chonin, Neva (February 5, 2006). "Mothers & Daughters: Courtney Love's mom, Linda Carroll, reflects on her daughter and her own birth mother". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
- Acocella, Joan (May 16, 2011). "From Bad Beginnings". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
- Garratt, Sheryl (April 1, 2010). "Courtney Love: Damage limitation". The Daily Telegraph.
- Novak, Theresa (November 3, 2014). "Love and fame provide themes for Corvallis author". Corvallis Gazette-Times.
- Freeman, Nate (April 16, 2013). "Courtney Loveless: Family Tree Remains Mystery as Feud with Grandma Sizzles". Observer.
- "Is It Fact or Is It Schmact?". Archived from the original on 2014-11-30.
- Carroll, Linda (2005). Her Mother's Daughter: A Memoir of the Mother I Never Knew and of My Daughter, Courtney Love. Doubleday. ISBN 978-0-385-51247-3.
- Wood, Gaby (May 28, 2006). "No love lost for a mother's lost love". Irish Independent. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- Jung, K. Elan (2010). Sexual Trauma: A Challenge Not Insanity. The Hudson Press. pp. 188–189. ISBN 9780983144809. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- "Courtney Love's mom denies paper's story". USA Today. August 24, 2003. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
- "Her Mother's Daughter: A Memoir of the Mother I Never Knew and of My Daughter, Courtney Love, by Linda Carroll". Booklist Online. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "About". Linda Carroll.