Lincoln University (New Zealand)

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Lincoln University (Māori: Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki) is a New Zealand university that was formed in 1990 when Lincoln College, Canterbury was made independent of the University of Canterbury. Founded in 1878, it is the oldest agricultural teaching institution in the Southern Hemisphere. It remains the smallest university in New Zealand and one of the 8 government universities. The campus is situated on 50 ha (120 acres) of land located about 15 km (9 mi) outside the city of Christchurch, in Lincoln, Canterbury.

Lincoln University
Lincoln LOGO.jpg
MottoScientia et industria cum probitate (Latin)
Motto in English
Science and industry with integrity
TypePublic
Established1878
ChancellorBruce Gemmell[1]
Vice-ChancellorBruce McKenzie
Academic staff
294
Administrative staff
349
Students2695 (EFTS, 2017) [2]
Undergraduates1577
Postgraduates879
329 (2017) [3]
Location,
Websitewww.lincoln.ac.nz
LU Logo Footer Mobile.png

In 2018 Lincoln University had 2695 Equivalent Full Time Students (EFTS) and 633 full-time equivalent staff (188 Academic, 135 Administration and Support, 65 Research and Technical, 273 Farms and Operational).[4]

HistoryEdit

 
The Lincoln School of Agriculture in 1881

Lincoln University began life in 1878 as the School of Agriculture of Canterbury University College, opening in July 1880.[5] By 1885 it had 56 students, 32 of them in residence, and all classes were held in the main building (later known as Ivey Hall). The teaching staff included the head of the school William Ivey (who taught Agriculture), George Gray (Chemistry and Physics), who remained on staff until 1915, Eric Manley Clarke (mathematics, surveying, and book-keeping; son of the English geodesist Alexander Ross Clarke),[6] and part-time lecturer Thomas Hill (Veterinary Science).[5][7]

The 660 acres (270 ha) college farm was worked by the students, who took part in ploughing, milking, and stock management, as well as taking lectures on agricultural science and chemistry.[5]

From 1896 to 1961 it served students under the name Canterbury Agricultural College, and offered qualifications of the University of New Zealand until that institution's demise.

From 1961 to 1990, it was known as Lincoln College, a constituent college of the University of Canterbury, until achieving autonomy in 1990 as Lincoln University.[8] It is the oldest agricultural teaching institution in the Southern Hemisphere. It remains the smallest university in New Zealand and one of the 8 government universities.[9] The University is a member of the Euroleague for Life Sciences.

In March 2009, The Crown Research Institute AgResearch announced that it planned to merge with Lincoln University,[10] an idea that was later scaled back to "sharing of knowledge".[citation needed]

On 18 November 2010, after a period of consultation,[11] it was confirmed that a merger between Lincoln University and Telford Rural Polytechnic would go ahead, with the merger taking effect on 1 January 2011.[12]

On 18 June 2013, a new blueprint for the Selwyn campus was announced[13] which included the "Lincoln Hub" concept previously announced by the Government on 29 April 2013.[14]

Management and governanceEdit

The School of Agriculture, followed by the Canterbury Agricultural College, was under the leadership of a director or principal. After becoming Lincoln University in 1990, the role became that of Vice-Chancellor.[15][16]

  • William Ivey (director 1879–1892)†
  • George Gray (acting director 1892–1893)
  • John Bayne (director 1894–1901)
  • George Gray (acting director 1901)
  • William Lowrie (director 1901–1908)
  • George Gray (acting director 1908)
  • Robert Edward Alexander (director 1908–1935; principal 1930–1935)
  • Frederick Hilgendorf (acting director 1936)
  • Eric Raymond Hudson (director and principal 1936–1952)
  • John William Calder (assistant director 1936–1958)
  • Malcolm Burns (principal 1952–1974)
  • Ian Edward Coop (vice-principal 1962–1968)
  • James D. Stewart (principal 1974–84)
  • Bruce J. Ross (principal & first Vice-Chancellor 1985–1996)
  • Frank Wood (VC 1997–2003)
  • Roger Field (VC 2004–2012)
  • Andrew West (VC 2012–2015)
  • Robin Pollard (VC 2016–2018)
  • James McWha (VC 2018)
  • Bruce McKenzie (VC 2019–)

There has been a board of governors since 1896. The following chairmen and chancellors have served:[17]

  • Henry Overton (1896–1899)
  • Edward Cephas John Stevens (1899–1915)
  • Henry Arthur Knight (1915–1926)
  • Charles Chilton (1927)
  • John Deans (1928–1929)
  • David Buddo (1930)
  • Henry George Denham (1931–1935)
  • Charles Howard Hewlett (1936)†
  • William Osborne Rennie (1936–1944)
  • Herbert Kyle (1945–1948)
  • Christopher Thomas Aschman (1948–1950)
  • William Gillespie (1951–1960)
  • Thomas Drummond James Holderness (1961–1967)
  • John McAlpine (1968–1974)
  • Donald Bain (1974–1979)
  • Sid Hurst (1980–1985)
  • Allan Wright (1986–1994)
  • Malcolm Cameron (1994–1999)
  • Margaret Austin (2000–2005)
  • Tom Lambie (2005–2016)
  • Steve Smith (2016–2018)
  • Bruce Gemmell (2019–present)

† denotes that the person died in office

Student lifeEdit

Lincoln University Students' Association (LUSA) has been active on campus since 1919.[18] LUSA acts as a representative for students on university policy, as well as providing advocacy services to students and running campus events such as the annual Garden Party and O-Week.

LUSA is central in organising, supporting and funding the clubs on campus. These clubs include but are not limited to; Lincoln Soils Society, Tramping and Climbing Club, Wine Appreciation Club, LSD (Lincoln Snowboarding Department), Alpine Club, LEO (Lincoln Environmental Organisation), Food Appreciation Club, The Lincoln University Campus Choir, Bunch Rides (cycling), Lincoln University Rugby Club, Lincoln Malaysian Students Society (LMSS), International Rugby Club, SPACE (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students on campus), Boxing Club, Young Farmers Club, and Lincoln Christian Fellowship.[19]

In 2018 Lincoln University has 1369 international students (up 10% from the previous year) from 75 countries.[4]

Campus buildingsEdit

 
Memorial Hall in 2005
  • The oldest building on campus is Ivey Hall, built in 1878 as the main teaching, administration, and residential building. It was designed in the Jacobethan style by Christchurch architect Frederick Strouts. As well as lecture theatres, laboratories, and a museum, the College Director William Ivey, his family, and the students resided here. A "West Wing" was added in 1881 for additional student accommodation and study rooms (West Ivey was damaged in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake and remains closed). Extensively remodelled and expanded in 1989, Ivey Hall now houses the George Forbes Memorial Library.
  • Memorial Hall, designed by Cecil Wood, was built in 1923–24 to commemorate the loss of former Lincoln students who died in World War I; two thirds of the costs were raised by the Old Boy's Students' Association. It later commemorated the dead of World War II. Exensively damaged along with Ivey West in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, it is now closed to the public and awaiting repair.
  • The Laboratories were built in 1929, and became the McCaskill Building, before being replaced by the School of Landscape Architecture Building in 2009.
  • The Lodge, a residence for the College Principal, was built in 1945. Until this time the Principal and his family had lived in Ivey Hall.
 
Hudson Hall in the 1950s
  • The first major hall of residence on campus was Hudson Hall, named after College Principal Eric Hudson: its foundation stone was laid by Prime Minister Peter Fraser in July 1949, and it opened in 1953. Hudson Hall had bed and study accommodation for 184 students. It is now largely an administration building.
  • (Lincoln University has six halls of residence, of which Hudson Hall is the oldest. Colombo Hall, Lowrie Hall and Stevens Hall all opened in 1970, with Centennial Hall opening in 1978, Lincoln University's centenary year. The newest hall of residence is Southland Hall, built in 1993.)
  • The George Forbes Building, named for former Prime Minister George Forbes, began construction in 1957 and opened in 1960. This was the College's first purpose-built library, housing 10,000 books. Over the years the library expanded, and the present high-rise building was constructed in 1975. The library eventually outgrew the Forbes Building, and the George Forbes Memorial Library has been housed in Ivey Hall since 1989.
 
Lincoln Union in the 1970s
  • Gillespie Hall, also known as the Student Union or Lincoln Union, consists of three buildings (Union, Annex, and Link) designed and built between 1962 and 1988. It was named after former Chairman William Gillespie, who had died in 1960. After the 2010 earthquake it was considered earthquake prone, and has been closed since 2010.
  • The Hilgendorf Building, constructed in 1968, was designed to cater to 550 full-time students. Named after early Lincoln lecturer Frederick William Hilgendorf, it was a concrete brutalist building, and was badly damaged in the 2010 earthquake and closed for repair. After engineering testing it was deemed unsalvageable and was demolished in 2015.
 
Burns wing and lecture halls in 1976
  • The Hilgendorf's companion, the Burns Building, was constructed in a similar style, and the complex of two buildings with their lecture theatres and computer centre were often referred to as the Hilgendorf Wing and Burns Wing. Named after past Principal Malcolm Burns, Burns opened in 1976.
  • The Stewart Building, which opened in 1990, is named after another past Principal, James D. Stewart. With two large lecture theatres each seating several hundred, its computerised teaching aids and audiovisual capacity were considered cutting-edge for New Zealand in 1990.
  • Built in 1990 to provide lecture and seminar space for a rapidly-increasing intake of Commerce students, the Commerce Building sits on what was the Ivey Hall gardens.
  • The cafe and dining hall Mrs O's was built in 2011 to incorporate the original dining hall building, then redesigned for earthquake safety and reopened in 2014. It is named after Mrs Joan O'Loughlin, one of Lincoln College's longest-serving staff (1966–1998), a cleaner and tea attendant much-loved by students.

Academic unitsEdit

  • Faculty of Agribusiness and Commerce: accounting, business management, economics, farm management, finance, marketing and property studies.[20]
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences: agronomy, plant science, crop physiology, pasture production, animal science, systems biology, computational modelling, food and wine science, entomology; plant pathology and crop protection; ecology, conservation and wildlife management; evolution, molecular genetics and biodiversity.[21]
  • Faculty of Environment, Society and Design: natural resources and complex systems engineering, environmental design, resource planning, transport studies, landscape architecture, Māori and indigenous planning and development, recreation management, social sciences, tourism, communication and exercise science.[22]

ResearchEdit

 
Studying wheat aphids in the early '70s

Lincoln University has had an Entomology Research Collection since the late 1960s, which is now the third-largest entomology collection in New Zealand, containing approximately 500,000 specimens and about 60 types.

RankingsEdit

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[23] 601–700
THE World[25] 401–500
QS World[24] 319

The New Zealand Tertiary Education Commission's first Performance Based Research Fund ranking exercise in 2003—equivalent to the United Kingdom's Research Assessment Exercise—ranked the quality of Lincoln University's research at sixth place. It also received the highest percentage increase in research funding.

For 2017/18 Lincoln's ranking is 319, released by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings. Lincoln also has QS Five Stars rating. Lincoln ranks in the top 50 in the fields of Agriculture and Forestry (39th), and also Hospitality and Leisure Management (48th).[26] Lincoln is ranked in the 401–500th bracket according to the 2017 Times Higher Education (THE) world university rankings.[27]

Notable peopleEdit

AlumniEdit

Honorary degreesEdit

FacultyEdit

Rhodes Scholars from LincolnEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Incoming Chancellor Bruce Gemmell". Lincoln University. 13 December 2018.
  2. ^ "AnnualReport2017". Lincoln University. 9 June 2017.
  3. ^ "AnnualReport2017". Lincoln University. 9 June 2017.
  4. ^ a b Lincoln University Annual Report 2018. Lincoln, New Zealand: Lincoln University. 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Mosley, M. (1885). Illustrated Guide to Christchurch and Neighbourhood. J. T. Smith and Co.
  6. ^ "Obituary: Mr E. M. Clarke". The Press. LXVIII (20459). 1 February 1932. p. 11. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Obituary: Mr Thomas Hill". The Press. LIII (16006). 14 September 1917. p. 5. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Lincoln University profile". Lincoln University. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2007.
  9. ^ "Lincoln University – Supply Chain Management Education". Edumaritime.net. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  10. ^ "AgResearch, Lincoln University merger planned". The New Zealand Herald. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Lincoln-Telford merger consultation document" (PDF). Lincoln University. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Lincoln-Telford media release" (PDF). 18 November 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Lincoln University Selwyn Campus Master-Plan". Lincoln University. 18 June 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Lincoln Uni global 'hub' planned". Stuff. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  15. ^ Blair 1978, p. 317.
  16. ^ "Principals, Directors and Vice-Chancellors". Lincoln University Living Heritage: Tikaka Tōku Iho. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  17. ^ Blair 1978, Appendix 2.
  18. ^ Lincoln University Students' Association. "A Brief History of LUSA". Archived from the original on 27 March 2009.
  19. ^ "Clubs and Societies". Lincoln University Students' Association. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Agribusiness and Commerce". lincoln.ac.nz. Lincoln University. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  21. ^ "Agriculture and Life Sciences". lincoln.ac.nz. Lincoln University. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  22. ^ "Environmental Society and Design". lincoln.ac.nz. Lincoln University. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  23. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017
  24. ^ QS World University Rankings 2018
  25. ^ THE World University Rankings 2018
  26. ^ "Lincoln University". QS World University Rankings. Quacquarelli Symonds. 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  27. ^ "Lincoln University". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  28. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 309.
  29. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 330.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°38′40″S 172°28′07″E / 43.64444°S 172.46861°E / -43.64444; 172.46861