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Linares International Chess Tournament

Magnus Carlsen (Norway) and Levon Aronian (Armenia) playing against each other during the 2007 Linares International Chess Tournament

The Linares International Chess Tournament (Spanish: Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez Ciudad de Linares) was an annual chess tournament, usually played around the end of February, which takes its name from the city of Linares in the Jaén province of Andalusia, Spain, in which it is held. It is sometimes described as the Wimbledon of chess, being one of the strongest annual tournaments held on the de facto chess tour, along with the "Tata Steel" Wijk aan Zee, Tal Memorial and Dortmund events.

The Linares tournament began in 1978 and was held annually from 1988 to 2010 (with the exception of 1996). Since 2010, the tournament has not been held for financial reasons.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The event, sponsored by Spanish businessman Luis Rentero, was first held in 1978. At that time it was not an elite event and was won by the relatively unknown Swede, Jaan Eslon (on tie-break from the Argentine Roberto Debarnot). After the following year's event, it was held every other year until 1987 when no tournament took place, that being the year that Linares hosted the Candidates' Final, a match to determine a challenger for Kasparov's world title featuring Anatoly Karpov and Andrei Sokolov. The postponed 1987 event was postponed until 1988 and the tournament has since become an annual event, with the exception of 1996, when the Women's World Chess Championship was held.

Rentero is a strong opponent of short draws in chess, to the point that in 1991 he offered cash bonuses for playing longer games.

The 1994 tournament had an average Elo rating of 2685, the highest ever at that time, making it the first Category XVIII tournament ever held. The field, in eventual finishing order, consisted of Karpov, Kasparov, Shirov, Bareev, Kramnik, Lautier, Anand, Kamsky, Topalov, Ivanchuk, Gelfand, Illescas, Judit Polgár, and Beliavsky. Karpov won with an undefeated 11/13. Jeff Sonas considers Karpov's performance the best tournament result in history.[1]

The 1994 tournament was also noted for an incident in which Garry Kasparov "took a move back" against Judit Polgár. Kasparov's fingers briefly released a knight before he realized the move was a blunder; he then moved the knight to a different square. Polgár (17 years old at the time) did not protest and the arbiter did not intervene. Kasparov went on to win the game.[2]

In 1998, the format of the tournament changed from a single round-robin tournament to a double round-robin event (meaning that each participant plays every other participant twice, once with each color).

Garry Kasparov announced his retirement from chess after the 2005 tournament.

From 2006 through 2008, the first half of the tournament took place in the Mexican city of Morelia. The second half took place in Linares. Consequently the event is sometimes referred to as Morelia-Linares.

In 2009 and 2010 the whole event took place in Linares.[3]

The Linares tournament of 2011 was cancelled,[4][5] for reasons including general economic problems; the tournament was also cancelled in 2012.[6]

WinnersEdit

Only five players won the Linares Tournament multiple times: Garry Kasparov (9 wins), Vassily Ivanchuk (3), Viswanathan Anand (3), Vladimir Kramnik (2) and Anatoly Karpov (2).

Full resultsEdit

1998Edit

Final Results of 1998:

XV Ciudad de Linares (ESP)                        cat. XXI
---------------------------------------------------------------
                                1  2  3  4  5  6  7    
---------------------------------------------------------------
1 Viswanathan Anand      g IND  ** 1= 0= == 1= =1 =1    7½  
2 Alexei Shirov          g ESP  0= ** == =1 10 10 11    7  
3 Garry Kasparov         g RUS  1= == ** == == == ==    6½    
4 Vladimir Kramnik       g RUS  == =0 == ** =1 == 1=    6½  
5 Peter Svidler          g RUS  0= 01 == =0 ** 10 =1    5½  
6 Vassily Ivanchuk       g UKR  =0 01 == == 01 ** 0=    5  
7 Veselin Topalov        g BUL  =0 00 == 0= =0 1= **    4

1999Edit

Final Results of 1999:[7]

XVI Ciudad de Linares (ESP), ii-iii 1999              cat. XX (2735)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Garry Kasparov      g RUS 2812 ** == =1 == 1= 11 =1 11  10½  2817
2 Vladimir Kramnik    g RUS 2751 == ** == == == == =1 1=   8   2782
3 Viswanathan Anand   g IND 2781 =0 == ** == =1 == 1= =1   8   2778
4 Peter Leko          g HUN 2694 == == == ** == 1= 0= 0=   6½  2712
5 Veselin Topalov     g BUL 2700 0= == =0 == ** =0 =1 ==   6   2690
6 Vassily Ivanchuk    g UKR 2714 00 == == 0= =1 ** 1= 0=   6   2688
7 Peter Svidler       g RUS 2713 =0 =0 0= 1= =0 0= ** =1   5½  2658
8 Michael Adams       g ENG 2716 00 0= =0 1= == 1= =0 **   5½  2657

2000Edit

Final Results of 2000:[8]

XVII SuperGM Morelia/Linares (ESP), ii-iii 2000 cat. XXI (2751)
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 Total TPR
1   Garry Kasparov (RUS) 2851 ** ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 6 2803
1   Vladimir Kramnik (RUS) 2758 ½ ½ ** ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 6 2822
3   Peter Leko (HUN) 2725 ½ ½ ½ ½ ** ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 2721
4   Alexander Khalifman (RUS) 2656 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ** ½ 0 ½ ½ 2734
5   Viswanathan Anand (IND) 2769 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ** 0 ½ 2712
6   Alexei Shirov (ESP) 2751 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ** 2715

Garry Kasparov and Vladimir Kramnik finished tied for first on +2, inseparable even by the various tie-breaks laid down in the rules. They won the same number of games and had the same number of black wins. The next tie-break was for the worst score against the lower group and if still equal, the worst result against the second lowest group. But all the other players were tied on 4½ points, making the players level on every criterion. There was supposed to be a toss of the coin, but Kasparov did not like the idea and the players also ruled out a blitz playoff. Kasparov wanted the official results to record equal first, although he allowed Kramnik to take the main trophy.

2001Edit

Final Results of 2001:[9]

XVIII SuperGM Linares (ESP), 23 ii-6 iii 2001 cat. XIX (2722)
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 Total TPR
1   Garry Kasparov (RUS) 2849 ** ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 2855
2   Judit Polgár (HUN) 2676 ½ ½ ** ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 2694
3   Anatoly Karpov (RUS) 2679 0 ½ ½ 1 ** ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 2694
4   Peter Leko (HUN) 2745 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ** ½ ½ ½ ½ 2681
5   Alexei Shirov (ESP) 2718 ½ 0 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ** 1 0 2686
6   Alexander Grischuk (RUS) 2663 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 1 ** 2697

2002Edit

Final Results of 2002:[10]

XIX SuperGM Linares ESP (ESP), 22 ii-10 iii 2002           cat. XX (2732)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     1  2  3  4  5  6  7 
---------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Garry Kasparov         g RUS 2838 ** =1 == == 1= =1 =1  8   2839
2 Ruslan Ponomariov      g UKR 2727 =0 ** 1= == 01 =1 ==  6½  2762
3 Vassily Ivanchuk       g UKR 2717 == 0= ** == 1= =1 =0  6   2734
4 Viswanathan Anand      g IND 2757 == == == ** 0= == =1  6   2728
5 Michael Adams          g ENG 2742 0= 10 0= 1= ** == =1  6   2730
6 Francisco Vallejo Pons g ESP 2629 =0 =0 =0 == == ** =1  5   2692
7 Alexei Shirov          g ESP 2715 =0 == =1 =0 =0 =0 **  4½  2648
---------------------------------------------------------------------

2003Edit

Final Results of 2003:[11]

XX SuperGM Linares ESP (ESP), 22 ii-9 iii 2003         cat. XX (2733)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     1  2  3  4  5  6  7
---------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Peter Leko             g HUN 2736 ** == 01 == == 10 11  7   2789
2 Vladimir Kramnik       g RUS 2807 == ** == == 1= == 1=  7   2777
3 Viswanathan Anand      g IND 2753 10 == ** 0= 1= == =1  6½  2758
4 Garry Kasparov         g RUS 2847 == == 1= ** 1= == 0=  6½  2742
5 Ruslan Ponomariov      g UKR 2734 == 0= 0= 0= ** 11 ==  5½  2703
6 Francisco Vallejo Pons g ESP 2629 01 == == == 00 ** ==  5   2693
7 Teimour Radjabov       g AZE 2624 00 0= =0 1= == == **  4½  2664
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Leko took first on tie-break with the largest number of wins.

2004Edit

Final Results of 2004:[12]

XXI SuperGM Linares ESP (ESP), 19 ii-5 iii 2004        cat. XX (2731)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      1  2  3  4  5  6  7 
---------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Vladimir Kramnik        g RUS 2777 ** =1 == == 1= == ==  7   2780
2 Peter Leko              g HUN 2722 =0 ** == 1= == 1= ==  6½  2762
3 Garry Kasparov          g RUS 2831 == == ** == == == 1=  6½  2743
4 Teimour Radjabov        g AZE 2656 == 0= == ** == 01 =1  6   2744
5 Veselin Topalov         g BUL 2735 0= == == == ** =1 ==  6   2730
6 Alexei Shirov           g ESP 2736 == 0= == 10 =0 ** ==  5   2673
7 Francisco Vallejo Pons  g ESP 2663 == == 0= =0 == == **  5   2685
---------------------------------------------------------------------

2005Edit

Final Results of 2005:[13]

XXII SuperGM Linares ESP (ESP), 23 ii-17 iii 2005      cat. XX (2743)
---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      1  2  3  4  5  6  7
---------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Garry Kasparov          g RUS 2804 ** =0 == == 11 11 =1  8   2857
2 Veselin Topalov         g BUL 2757 =1 ** 0= == 1= 11 =1  8   2865
3 Viswanathan Anand       g IND 2786 == 1= ** == =0 == =1  6½  2764
4 Peter Leko              g HUN 2749 == == == ** == == ==  6   2742
5 Michael Adams           g ENG 2741 00 0= =1 == ** 1= ==  5½  2714
6 Francisco Vallejo Pons  g ESP 2686 00 00 == == 0= ** =1  4   2627
7 Rustam Kasimdzhanov     g UZB 2678 =0 =0 =0 == == =0 **  4   2628
---------------------------------------------------------------------
Kasparov won the event on the second tie-break from Topalov.
Games won were equal, the second tie-break was number of wins with black.

2006Edit

XXIII SuperGM Morelia/Linares (MEX/ESP), 18 ii-11 iii 2006 cat. XX (2732)
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total TPR
1   Levon Aronian (ARM) 2752 ** 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 2808
2   Teimour Radjabov (AZE) 2700 0 ½ ** 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 8 2786
3   Veselin Topalov (BUL) 2801 ½ 1 0 ½ ** ½ 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 0 ½ 8 2771
4   Peter Lékó (HUN) 2740 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ** 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 2759
5   Vassily Ivanchuk (UKR) 2729 1 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ** 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 2703
6   Peter Svidler (RUS) 2765 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ** 1 ½ 1 ½ 2698
7   Étienne Bacrot (FRA) 2717 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ** ½ 1 6 2683
8   Francisco Vallejo Pons (ESP) 2659 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ** 5 2641

2007Edit

XXIV SuperGM Morelia/Linares (MEX/ESP), 17 ii-10 iii 2007 cat. XX (2746)
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total TPR
1   Viswanathan Anand (IND) 2779 ** 1 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 2820
2   Magnus Carlsen (NOR) 2690 0 0 ** 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ ½ 0 2782
3   Alexander Morozevich (RUS) 2741 0 ½ 0 ½ ** ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 1 2775
4   Levon Aronian (ARM) 2744 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ** ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 7 2745
5   Peter Svidler (RUS) 2728 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ** ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 7 2748
6   Vassily Ivanchuk (UKR) 2750 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ** 1 ½ ½ ½ 2715
7   Veselin Topalov (BUL) 2783 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ** ½ ½ 6 2690
8   Peter Lékó (HUN) 2749 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ** 6 2695

2008Edit

XXV SuperGM Morelia/Linares, 15 February – 7 March 2008, MoreliaLinares, Cat. XXI (2756)[14]
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total TPR
1   Viswanathan Anand (India) 2799 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 2829
2   Magnus Carlsen (Norway) 2733 0 ½ Does not appear 1 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 8 2808
3   Veselin Topalov (Bulgaria) 2780 ½ ½ 0 0 Does not appear 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 2781
4   Levon Aronian (Armenia) 2739 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 Does not appear ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 2787
5   Teimour Radjabov (Azerbaijan) 2735 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ Does not appear ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 1 7 2758
6   Vassily Ivanchuk (Ukraine) 2751 ½ ½ ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ Does not appear 1 1 ½ ½ 2727
7   Peter Leko (Hungary) 2753 0 ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 0 Does not appear ½ ½ 2676
8   Alexei Shirov (Spain) 2755 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ Does not appear 2675

  GM Alejandro Ramírez (2509) won the III Morelia Open tournament[15].

2009Edit

XXVI Ciudad de Linares, 19 February – 7 March 2009, Linares, Jaén, Spain, Category XXI (2756)[16]
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Total Wins TPR
1   Alexander Grischuk (Russia) 2733 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 8 3 2809
2   Vassily Ivanchuk (Ukraine) 2779 ½ ½ Does not appear ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 8 2 2802
3   Magnus Carlsen (Norway) 2776 ½ 1 ½ ½ Does not appear 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 2781
4   Viswanathan Anand (India) 2791 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ Does not appear 1 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 7 2750
5   Teimour Radjabov (Azerbaijan) 2761 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ Does not appear ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 2726
6   Wang Yue (China) 2739 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ Does not appear ½ ½ ½ ½ 2729
7   Levon Aronian (Armenia) 2750 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ Does not appear 1 ½ 2727
8   Leinier Domínguez (Cuba) 2717 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ Does not appear 6 2711

2010Edit

XXVII Ciudad de Linares, 13–24 February 2010, Linares, Jaén, Spain, Category XXI (2758)[17]
Player Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 Total TB TPR
1   Veselin Topalov (Bulgaria) 2805 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 2858
2   Alexander Grischuk (Russia) 2736 0 1 Does not appear ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 6 2834
3   Levon Aronian (Armenia) 2781 ½ ½ ½ ½ Does not appear ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 2789
4   Vugar Gashimov (Azerbaijan) 2759 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 Does not appear ½ ½ 1 ½ 4 2.5 2685
5   Boris Gelfand (Israel) 2761 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ Does not appear ½ ½ 4 2.0 2685
6   Francisco Vallejo Pons (Spain) 2705 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ Does not appear 4 1.5 2696

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Facts and figures: Magnus Carlsen's performance in Nanjing. ChessBase.com. Retrieved on 2009-10-26.
  2. ^ Linares! by Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam
  3. ^ Official website noting the 2009 tournament takes place entirely in Linares. Retrieved 2 March 2009. Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Linares 2011 Cancelled". Chess.com. Retrieved 2014-01-24.
  5. ^ Ángel Mendoza. "Linares aplaza el Intercontinental de Ajedrez hasta el año que viene. Ideal". Ideal.es. Retrieved 2014-01-24.
  6. ^ Linares 2012 canceled.
  7. ^ TWIC 227 Archived 2012-04-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ TWIC 279 Archived 2011-08-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ TWIC 331
  10. ^ TWIC 383
  11. ^ TWIC 435
  12. ^ TWIC 487
  13. ^ TWIC 540
  14. ^ Mark Crowther (10 March 2008). "The Week in Chess 696". The Week in Chess.
  15. ^ Mark Crowther (3 March 2008). "The Week in Chess 695". The Week in Chess.
  16. ^ Mark Crowther (9 March 2009). "The Week in Chess 748". The Week in Chess.
  17. ^ "Topalov wins Linares, remains number two in the world". ChessBase. 25 February 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
  • [1] – a brief history and news of the 2008 event.
  • [2] – winners, crosstables from 1990–2006.

External linksEdit