Limerick East (Dáil constituency)

Limerick East was a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas from 1948 to 2011. The method of election was proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote (PR-STV).

Limerick East
Former Dáil Constituency
Former constituency
Created1948
Abolished2011
Seats
  • 4 (1948–1981)
  • 5 (1981–2011)
Local government areas
Created fromLimerick
Replaced by

History and boundariesEdit

The constituency was created under the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1947 and first used at the 1948 general election. It succeeded the constituency of Limerick, which was divided between Limerick East and Limerick West.

It encompassed the whole of Limerick City Council, together with the Castleconnell electoral area and part of the Bruff electoral area of Limerick County Council and the Ballyglass electoral area of Clare County Council. It was primarily an urban constituency but had a large rural hinterland, and contained small parts of County Clare.[1]

The constituency elected 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs) from 1948 to 1981, and 5 deputies from 1981 to 2011.

While support for left-wing parties has usually been strong in the city of Limerick, the constituency as a whole was long considered a stronghold of the Progressive Democrats (PDs), electing at least one PD TD in all general elections from 1987 until 2007.

The Constituency Commission published its final recommendations on 23 October 2007. As a result of population decline, Limerick East was replaced by a 4-seat constituency called Limerick City.[2] Most of the rural parts of Limerick East were transferred to the new Limerick constituency.[3]

TDsEdit

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Limerick East 1948–2011[4]
Key to parties
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
13th 1948[5] Michael Keyes
(Lab)
Robert Ryan
(FF)
James Reidy
(FG)
Daniel Bourke
(FF)
4 seats
1948–1981
14th 1951[6] Tadhg Crowley
(FF)
1952 by-election[7] John Carew
(FG)
15th 1954[8] Donogh O'Malley
(FF)
16th 1957[9] Ted Russell
(Ind)
Paddy Clohessy
(FF)
17th 1961[10] Stephen Coughlan
(Lab)
Tom O'Donnell
(FG)
18th 1965[11]
1968 by-election[12] Desmond O'Malley
(FF)
19th 1969[13] Michael Herbert
(FF)
20th 1973[14]
21st 1977[15] Michael Lipper
(Ind)
22nd 1981[16] Jim Kemmy
(Ind)
Peadar Clohessy
(FF)
Michael Noonan
(FG)
23rd 1982 (Feb)[17] Jim Kemmy
(DSP)
Willie O'Dea
(FF)
24th 1982 (Nov)[18] Frank Prendergast
(Lab)
25th 1987[19] Jim Kemmy
(DSP)
Peadar Clohessy
(PD)
Desmond O'Malley
(PD)
26th 1989[20]
27th 1992[21] Jim Kemmy
(Lab)
28th 1997[22] Eddie Wade
(FF)
1998 by-election[23] Jan O'Sullivan
(Lab)
29th 2002[24] Peter Power
(FF)
Tim O'Malley
(PD)
30th 2007[25] Kieran O'Donnell
(FG)
31st 2011 Constituency abolished. See Limerick City and Limerick

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

ElectionsEdit

2007 general electionEdit

2007 general election: Limerick East[25]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 38.6 19,082              
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 15.2 7,507 8,484            
Labour Jan O'Sullivan 10.3 5,098 6,236 6,271 6,352 6,556 7,236 8,114 9,051
Fine Gael Kieran O'Donnell 10.3 5,094 5,566 5,584 5,644 5,816 6,148 6,498 6,966
Fianna Fáil Peter Power 7.2 3,569 8,669            
Progressive Democrats Tim O'Malley 6.8 3,354 4,211 4,268 4,308 4,387 4,526 4,670 5,776
Sinn Féin Maurice Quinlivan 4.2 2,081 2,480 2,494 2,513 2,686 2,839    
Fianna Fáil Noreen Ryan 2.8 1,391 2,943 3,245 3,278 3,419 3,536 4,110  
Green Trish Forde Brennan 2.6 1,296 1,420 1,425 1,432 1,619      
Independent John Devane 0.7 330 457 461 469        
Independent Cathal McCarthy 0.4 188 232 233 236        
Independent Denis Riordan 0.4 186 207 209 210        
Christian Solidarity Conor O'Donoghue 0.4 171 202 203 205        
Independent Patrick Moore 0.1 28 38            
Electorate: 76,874   Valid: 49,375   Spoilt: 431 (0.9%)   Quota: 8,230   Turnout: 49,806 (64.8%)  

2002 general electionEdit

2002 general election: Limerick East[24]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 26.3 13,174                    
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 18.9 9,451                    
Progressive Democrats Tim O'Malley 9.8 4,885 5,327 5,415 5,490 5,506 5,631 5,782 5,872 6,324 6,953 7,723
Labour Jan O'Sullivan 9.3 4,629 5,048 5,193 5,255 5,356 5,715 5,927 6,323 6,958 7,256 7,467
Fine Gael Mary Jackman 8.9 4,468 4,712 5,409 5,497 5,529 5,657 5,842 5,979 6,569 6,986 7,162
Fianna Fáil Peter Power 7.8 3,881 5,838 5,879 5,969 6,007 6,080 6,253 6,425 6,851 9,491  
Fianna Fáil Eddie Wade 5.8 2,918 4,029 4,042 4,084 4,105 4,134 4,266 4,323 4,529    
Independent Patrick Kennedy 4.2 2,092 2,313 2,366 2,434 2,567 2,650 2,840 3,379      
Independent John Gilligan 2.3 1,176 1,315 1,333 1,379 1,576 1,680 1,920        
Ind. Health Alliance Tom Ryan 2.3 1,148 1,269 1,289 1,361 1,405 1,478          
Green Timothy Hourigan 1.8 917 970 985 1,053 1,077            
Independent Michael Kelly 1.3 677 736 751 764              
Catholic Democrats Nora Bennis 1.0 479 536 545                
Christian Solidarity Conor O'Donoghue 0.2 86 95 96                
Independent Aidan Ryan 0.1 19 27 29                
Electorate: 80,593   Valid: 50,000   Spoilt: 513 (1.0%)   Quota: 8,334   Turnout: 50,513 (62.7%)  

1998 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Labour Party TD Jim Kemmy, a by-election was held on 11 March 1998. The seat was won by the Labour Party candidate Jan O'Sullivan.

1998 by-election: Limerick East[26]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5
Labour Jan O'Sullivan 24.9 10,619 11,444 13,724 14,967 22,888
Fine Gael Mary Jackman 24.5 10,445 10,870 11,591 12,860  
Fianna Fáil Sandra Marsh 23.8 10,173 10,852 11,328 13,117 15,188
Progressive Democrats Tim O'Malley 10.0 4,287 4,578 4,913    
Democratic Left John Ryan 9.1 3,868 4,507      
Sinn Féin Jenny Marie Shapland 2.1 909        
Independent John Gilligan 2.0 850        
Catholic Democrats Nora Bennis 1.6 700        
Green Eric Sheppard 1.3 546        
Independent Barney Sheehan 0.5 198        
Independent Noel Hannon 0.3 108        
Electorate: 78,062   Valid: 42,703   Quota: 21,352   Turnout: 54.7%  

1997 general electionEdit

1997 general election: Limerick East[27]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 25.3 12,581                    
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 20.3 10,092                    
Fianna Fáil Eddie Wade 9.7 4,798 6,600 6,655 6,768 7,034 7,360 7,451 9,632      
Progressive Democrats Desmond J. O'Malley 8.8 4,358 4,836 4,981 5,063 5,278 6,561 6,714 7,478 8,419    
Democratic Left John Ryan 6.9 3,403 3,682 3,809 3,994 4,092 4,129 4,562 4,756 4,873 4,904  
Fine Gael Mary Jackman 6.2 3,084 3,209 4,208 4,327 4,599 4,755 5,106 5,330 5,459 5,519 6,499
Labour Jim Kemmy 5.4 2,702 2,933 3,153 3,329 3,439 3,509 4,625 4,875 5,003 5,047 7,173
Fianna Fáil Peter Power 4.8 2,362 3,340 3,393 3,483 3,784 3,903 3,993        
Labour Jan O'Sullivan 3.8 1,866 1,984 2,115 2,292 2,353 2,383          
Progressive Democrats Edmond Creighton 3.7 1,817 1,959 1,988 2,021 2,150            
Catholic Democrats Nora Bennis 3.1 1,533 1,610 1,637 1,730              
Green Eric Sheppard 1.6 802 843 858                
Independent Noel Raymond Hannan 0.4 195 217 222                
Independent Denis Riordan 0.2 108 112 114                
Electorate: 76,705   Valid: 49,701   Spoilt: 348 (0.7%)   Quota: 8,284   Turnout: 50,049 (65.3%)  

1992 general electionEdit

1992 general election: Limerick East[28]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 22.7 10,990                      
Progressive Democrats Desmond J. O'Malley 17.2 8,304                      
Labour Jim Kemmy 17.1 8,262                      
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 11.2 5,437 5,650 5,664 5,697 5,715 5,725 5,792 5,829 5,936 7,379 8,627  
Progressive Democrats Peadar Clohessy 9.0 4,334 4,607 4,631 4,804 4,814 4,847 4,885 4,912 4,996 5,322 6,175 6,630
Fianna Fáil Eddie Wade 7.5 3,637 5,605 5,617 5,625 5,630 5,685 5,782 5,840 5,941 6,060 6,435 6,548
Labour Jan O'Sullivan 6.4 3,091 3,308 3,320 3,336 3,484 3,528 3,566 3,726 4,099 4,353    
Fine Gael Mary Jackman 6.2 2,110 2,196 2,197 2,207 2,214 2,221 2,253 2,276 2,324      
Democratic Left John Ryan 1.7 835 919 940 942 949 989 1,017 1,130        
Independent Joe Harrington 0.8 370 413 420 422 428 576 601          
Independent Augustine Moore 1.0 463 477 481 481 482 496            
Sinn Féin Tom Clancy 0.8 400 422 425 426 427              
Independent Jude Williams 0.2 118 129                    
Electorate: 71,136   Valid: 48,351   Spoilt: 721 (1.5%)   Quota: 8,059   Turnout: 49,072 (69.0%)  

1989 general electionEdit

1989 general election: Limerick East[29]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 20.8 9,658              
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 19.8 9,168              
Progressive Democrats Desmond J. O'Malley 18.1 8,385              
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 12.5 5,805 5,936 6,286 6,590 6,714 6,937 9,124  
Progressive Democrats Peadar Clohessy 9.1 4,233 4,420 4,769 5,047 5,507 5,709 6,266 7,517
Fianna Fáil Eddie Wade 6.6 3,073 4,030 4,097 4,179 4,195 6,240 6,396 6,545
Fine Gael Mary Jackman 5.9 2,715 2,794 2,929 3,122 3,168 3,309    
Fianna Fáil Tony Bromell 5.0 2,298 2,829 2,926 3,010 3,025      
Labour Declan Leddin 2.2 1,006 1,055 1,501          
Electorate: 66,471   Valid: 46,341   Spoilt: 499 (1.1%)   Quota: 7,724   Turnout: 46,840 (70.5%)  

1987 general electionEdit

1987 general election: Limerick East[19]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Progressive Democrats Desmond O'Malley 12,358 24.9 1 1
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 9,268 18.7 2 1
Progressive Democrats Peadar Clohessy 6,069 12.2 3
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 5,920 11.9 4
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 5,913 11.9 5
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 2,968 6.0
Labour Frank Prendergast 2,201 4.4
Fianna Fáil Richard O'Flaherty 2,111 4.3
Fianna Fáil Michael Parkes 1,254 2.5
Sinn Féin Pádraig Malone 565 1.1
Independent Martin Nugent 353 0.7
Workers' Party Fergal Grant 246 0.5
Independent Declan O'Lehane 241 0.5
Independent Denis Riordan 87 0.2
Independent John Donovan 59 0.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 49,613   Quota: 8,269   Turnout:

November 1982 general electionEdit

November 1982 general election: Limerick East[18]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 10,615 22.5 1 1
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 9,058 19.2 2 1
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 7,306 15.5 3
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 5,631 11.9 4
Labour Frank Prendergast 4,793 10.2 5
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 4,125 8.7
Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 3,204 6.8
Fine Gael John O'Sullivan 1,308 2.8
Fianna Fáil John Bourke 859 1.8
Independent Richard Power 177 0.4
Independent Patrick Moore 145 0.3
Electorate: ?   Valid: 47,221   Quota: 7,871   Turnout:

February 1982 general electionEdit

February 1982 general election: Limerick East[17]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 9,049 19.1 1 1
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 8,514 18.0 2 1
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 7,425 15.7 3
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 6,502 13.7 4
Fianna Fáil Peadar Clohessy 4,947 10.5
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 4,527 9.6 5
Labour Michael Lipper 2,684 5.7
Fine Gael Patrick Kennedy 1,938 4.1
Independent John Frawley 676 1.4
Independent Win Harrington 516 1.1
Independent John Gilligan 343 0.7
Independent Joseph Harrington 215 0.5
Electorate: ?   Valid: 47,336   Quota: 7,890   Turnout:

1981 general electionEdit

1981 general election: Limerick East[16]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 9,915 20.4 1
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 9,346 19.2 2
Fianna Fáil Peadar Clohessy 5,256 10.8 5
Fine Gael Michael Noonan 4,311 8.9 3
Fianna Fáil Willie O'Dea 4,297 8.8
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 4,190 8.6 4
Labour Michael Lipper 2,905 6.0
Labour Frank Prendergast 2,840 5.8
Fine Gael Richard Hourigan 2,184 4.5
Fianna Fáil Éamonn Cregan 1,636 3.4
Independent John Frawley 866 1.8
Independent Joseph Harrington 844 1.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 48,590   Quota: 8,099   Turnout:

1977 general electionEdit

1977 general election: Limerick East[15]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 19.5 8,762 8,765 8,788 8,860 8,900 8,994        
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 14.6 6,571 6,573 6,585 6,692 7,302 7,374 7,636 10,169    
Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 14.0 6,293 6,306 6,321 6,377 6,405 6,474 6,640 6,786 7,105 7,342
Fianna Fáil Peadar Clohessy 12.2 5,488 5,497 5,512 5,540 5,572 5,610 5,722 5,778 6,090 6,249
Independent Michael Lipper 11.6 5,224 5,257 5,322 5,429 5,575 6,023 7,608 8,049 9,775  
Labour Stephen Coughlan 7.9 3,553 3,555 3,565 3,618 3,693 3,786 4,008 4,380    
Fine Gael Ted Russell 6.7 3,022 3,024 3,030 3,097 3,403 3,521 3,684      
Democratic Socialist Jim Kemmy 5.2 2,333 2,348 2,413 2,476 2,530 2,920        
Independent Michael Crowe 2.9 1,325 1,335 1,358 1,408 1,447          
Fine Gael Patrick Kennedy 2.9 1,302 1,303 1,307 1,357            
Independent Win Harrington 1.4 646 657 677              
Sinn Féin – The Workers' Party Fergus Reynolds 0.6 262 280                
Independent Joseph Harrington 0.3 122                  
Electorate: 57,023   Valid: 44,903   Spoilt: 217 (0.5%)   Quota: 8,981   Turnout: 45,120 (79.1%)[30]  

1973 general electionEdit

1973 general election: Limerick East[14]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 7,806 21.0 1 1
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 6,841 18.4 2
Labour Stephen Coughlan 5,495 14.8 4
Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 4,532 12.2 3
Fine Gael Ted Russell 3,523 9.5
Labour Michael Lipper 3,292 8.9
Fianna Fáil Peadar Clohessy 3,242 8.7
Fine Gael Patrick Kennedy 2,456 6.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,187   Quota: 7,438   Turnout:

1969 general electionEdit

1969 general election: Limerick East[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 6,438 17.9 1
Labour Stephen Coughlan 6,362 17.7 2
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 5,960 16.6 3
Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 4,985 13.9 4
Independent Hilda O'Malley 3,361 9.4
Labour Michael Lipper 3,222 9.0
Fianna Fáil Liam Hickey 2,838 7.9
Fine Gael Patrick Kennedy 1,821 5.1
Fine Gael Patrick Clancy 560 1.6
Labour Anthony Pratschke 366 1.0
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,913   Quota: 7,183   Turnout:

1968 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Donogh O'Malley, a by-election was held on 22 May 1968. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Desmond O'Malley, nephew of the deceased TD.

1968 by-election: Limerick East[31]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3
Fianna Fáil Desmond O'Malley 43.7 16,638 16,828 18,447
Labour Mick Lipper 26.7 10,151 10,760 17,520
Fine Gael James F. O'Higgins 26.4 10,039 10,335  
Liberal Mick B. Crowe 3.2 1,209    
Electorate: 46,798   Valid: 38,037   Quota: 19,019   Turnout: 81.28%  

1965 general electionEdit

1965 general election: Limerick East[11]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Donogh O'Malley 10,285 29.1 1 1
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 6,253 17.7 2
Labour Stephen Coughlan 5,623 15.9 3
Fianna Fáil Paddy Clohessy 4,812 13.6 4
Fine Gael Ted Russell 4,025 11.4
Fianna Fáil Michael Herbert 3,804 10.8
Fine Gael James Hickey 500 1.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 35,302   Quota: 7,061   Turnout:

1961 general electionEdit

1961 general election: Limerick East[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Donogh O'Malley 8,622 26.2 1 1
Labour Stephen Coughlan 6,964 21.1 2 1
Fianna Fáil Paddy Clohessy 4,827 14.6 3
Independent Ted Russell 3,547 10.8
Fine Gael Tom O'Donnell 3,367 10.2 4
Fine Gael John Carew 3,288 10.0
Fianna Fáil William Slattery 1,388 4.2
Fine Gael John Kirby 958 2.9
Electorate: ?   Valid: 32,961   Quota: 6,593   Turnout:

1957 general electionEdit

1957 general election: Limerick East[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Donogh O'Malley 7,501 20.7 1 1
Independent Ted Russell 5,623 15.5 3
Fianna Fáil Paddy Clohessy 5,178 14.3 2
Fine Gael John Carew 4,193 11.6 4
Fianna Fáil Patrick Maguire 3,455 9.5
Clann na Poblachta Stephen Coughlan 3,395 9.4
Sinn Féin Pádraig Ó Maolcathaigh 3,085 8.5
Labour Christopher Keyes 2,098 5.8
Fine Gael Patrick Donegan 1,690 4.7
Electorate: ?   Valid: 36,218   Quota: 7,244   Turnout:

1954 general electionEdit

1954 general election: Limerick East[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Donogh O'Malley 6,860 18.1 2
Clann na Poblachta Stephen Coughlan 5,652 14.9
Fine Gael John Carew 5,362 14.2 1
Labour Michael Keyes 5,035 13.3 4
Fianna Fáil Tadhg Crowley 4,857 12.8 3
Fianna Fáil Paddy Clohessy 4,458 11.8
Fine Gael James Reidy 3,196 8.5
Fine Gael Denis Quish 2,402 6.4
Electorate: ?   Valid: 37,822   Quota: 7,565   Turnout:

1952 by-electionEdit

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Daniel Bourke, a by-election was held on 26 June 1952. The seat was won by the Fine Gael candidate John Carew.

1952 by-election: Limerick East[31]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3
Fianna Fáil Tom Clarke 41.6 15,964 16,546 17,337
Fine Gael John Carew 34.2 13,130 14,120 19,749
Clann na Poblachta George E. Russell 16.9 6,465 7,523  
Labour John Hayes 7.3 2,785    
Electorate: 48,730   Valid: 38,344   Quota: 19,173   Turnout: 78.69%  

1951 general electionEdit

1951 general election: Limerick East[31]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4
Fianna Fáil Dan Bourke 19.6 7,268 7,471    
Labour Michael Keyes 17.0 6,295 6,790 7,275 7,973
Fianna Fáil Tadhg Crowley 14.2 5,266 5,456 9,601  
Clann na Poblachta George Russell 13.5 5,017 5,331 5,502 5,740
Fianna Fáil Robert Ryan 13.4 4,982 5,159    
Fine Gael James Reidy 11.3 4,196 6,832 7,041 7,221
Fine Gael George Cecil Bennett 11.0 4,079      
Electorate: 50,132   Valid: 37,103   Quota: 7,421   Turnout: 74.01%  

1948 general electionEdit

1948 general election: Limerick East[31]
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Fianna Fáil Daniel Bourke 22.0 8,128            
Labour Michael Keyes 15.6 5,756 5,806 5,871 6,118 6,553 7,066 7,612
Fine Gael James Reidy 12.2 4,496 4,521 4,557 4,645 4,828 4,899 7,794
Fianna Fáil Robert Ryan 11.4 4,187 4,375 4,396 4,461 4,859 7,832  
Fianna Fáil Tadhg Crowley 9.3 3,420 3,866 3,902 4,002 4,105    
Fine Gael George Cecil Bennett 9.0 3,326 3,333 3,380 3,417 4,230 4,433  
Clann na Poblachta George E. Russell 7.5 2,777 2,786 3,236 4,559 4,784 4,894 5,191
Clann na Talmhan Patrick Donegan 5.8 2,131 2,135 2,157 2,238      
Clann na Poblachta Seán Carroll 4.2 1,533 1,554 1,989        
Clann na Poblachta Thomas Malone 3.1 1,125 1,127          
Electorate: 49,565   Valid: 36,879   Quota: 7,376   Turnout: 74.41%  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2005: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Report on Dáil and European Parliament Constituencies 2007" (PDF). Constituency Commission. 23 October 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  4. ^ Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286.
  5. ^ "General election 1948: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  6. ^ "General election 1951: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  7. ^ "By-election 1952: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  8. ^ a b "General election 1954: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  9. ^ a b "General election 1957: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  10. ^ a b "General election 1961: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  11. ^ a b "General election 1965: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  12. ^ "By-election 1968: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  13. ^ a b "General election 1969: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  14. ^ a b "General election 1973: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  15. ^ a b "General election 1977: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  16. ^ a b "General election 1981: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  17. ^ a b "General election February 1982: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  18. ^ a b "General election November 1982: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  19. ^ a b "General election 1987: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  20. ^ "General election 1989: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  21. ^ "General election 1992: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  22. ^ "General election 1997: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  23. ^ "By-election 1998: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  24. ^ a b "General election 2002: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  25. ^ a b "General election 2007: Limerick East". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 February 2009.
  26. ^ Government of Ireland,https://data.oireachtas.ie/ie/oireachtas/electoralProcess/electionResults/dail/2002/2002-07-21_dail-general-election-may-2002-results-and-transfer-of-votes_en.pdf
  27. ^ Government of Ireland (1998). 28th Dáil General Election June, 1997 Election Results and Transfer of Votes. Stationery Office, Government of Ireland.
  28. ^ Government of Ireland (1993). Dáil General Election November, 1992 Election Results and Transfer of Votes in the General Election for the Twenty-Seventh Dáil. Stationery Office, Government of Ireland.
  29. ^ Government of Ireland (1990). Election Results and Transfer of Votes in General Election (June, 1989) For Twenty-Sixth Dáil. Stationery Office, Government of Ireland.
  30. ^ The Irish Times, 20 June 1977, p7–10
  31. ^ a b c d Gallagher, Michael (2009). Irish Elections 1948–77: Results and Analysis Sources for the Study of Irish Politics 2. Routledge. ISBN 9781138973343.

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