Lierne is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region, and it is the largest municipality by area in Trøndelag. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Sandvika. Other villages include Inderdal, Mebygda, and Tunnsjø senter. The municipality borders Sweden to the south and east. Most of Lierne lies on the Swedish side of the drainage divide between Norway and Sweden.
Winter in Lierne
Lierne within Trøndelag
|Established||1 Jan 1874|
|• Mayor (2015)||Bente Estil (Ap)|
|• Total||2,961.70 km2 (1,143.52 sq mi)|
|• Land||2,631.19 km2 (1,015.91 sq mi)|
|• Water||330.51 km2 (127.61 sq mi) 11.2%|
|Area rank||#14 in Norway|
|• Rank||#363 in Norway|
|• Density||0.5/km2 (1/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-6.5%|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-5042|
|Official language form||Neutral|
The 2,962-square-kilometre (1,144 sq mi) municipality is the 14th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Lierne is the 363rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,389. The municipality's population density is 0.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.3/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6.5% over the last decade.
Lierne was the largest obstacle in the negotiations before the Stromstad Treaty of 1751 in which the border was defined in detail. Sweden wanted it based on its location on the Eastern side of the drainage divide, although Norway got it based on its connection to the Snaasen parish in Norway, and as compensation Norway gave up its demand for the Idre and Särna parishes which were under Swedish control since 1644. This gave a curve in the border.
The municipality of Lierne was established on 1 January 1874 when it was separated from the large municipality of Snaasen. Initially, the population of Lierne was 1,015. On 1 July 1915, it was divided into two municipalities: Nordli (population: 863) in the north and Sørli (population: 739) in the south. This division, however, was short-lived.
During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 they were merged back together again under the former name Lierne. After the merger, there were 2,045 residents in the new municipality.
The Old Norse form of the name was Finnahlíð, where the first element is the plural genitive case of finnr which means "Sami person" (or Finn) because the district was mostly populated by Sami people at the time. The last element is li (Old Norse hlíð) which means "mountainside". Later, the name was shortened by dropping the Finn part and using the definite plural form of the li part as Lierne.
Coat of armsEdit
The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 3 February 1984. The arms show three white Willow Ptarmigans (Lagopus lagopus) on a blue background. The birds are plentiful in the area and hunting them was of great importance historically for the inhabitants to survive during the winters in the area. The bird was thus chosen as a symbol for the municipality.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
|Tunnsjø Chapel||Tunnsjø senter||1876|
Lierne is also home to many lakes, including Gusvatnet, Havdalsvatnet, Holden, Ingelsvatnet, Kingen, Kvesjøen, Laksjøen, Lenglingen, Limingen, Murusjøen, Rengen, Sandsjøen, Stortissvatnet, Tunnsjøen, and Ulen.
All municipalities in Norway, including Lierne, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Namdal District Court and the Frostating Court of Appeal.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of|
|Total number of members:||15|
The cross-country race Flyktningerennet is held here every year. It is a race that follows a route from Nordli to Gäddede in Strömsund Municipality, Sweden, in remembrance of the people who fled Nazi German-occupied Norway for Sweden during the Second World War.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Store norske leksikon. "Lierne" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-01.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 287.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 8 November 2008.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.