Licensed to Kill (1965 film)
Licensed to Kill is an Eastmancolor 1965 superspy imitation James Bond film starring Tom Adams as British secret agent Charles Vine. It was directed and co-written by Lindsay Shonteff. Producer Joseph E. Levine picked it up for American and worldwide distribution and reedited it under the title The Second Best Secret Agent in the Whole Wide World.
|Licensed to Kill|
original British film poster
|Directed by||Lindsay Shonteff|
|Produced by||James Ward |
|Written by||Lindsay Shonteff|
|Music by||Herbert Chappell|
|Edited by||Ron Pope|
|Distributed by||Embassy Pictures|
|Box office||$1.2 million (est. US/ Canada rentals)|
Facing numerous assassination attempts, a Swedish scientist who has invented an anti-gravity device and his daughter seek to provide the invention to the United Kingdom. With James Bond unavailable, H.M. Government provides Agent Charles Vine (Tom Adams), a former mathematician, as a bodyguard and exterminator.
- Tom Adams as Charles Vine
- Karel Stepanek as Henrik Jacobsen
- Peter Bull as Masterman
- John Arnatt as Rockwell
- Francis de Wolff as Walter Pickering
- Felix Felton as Tetchnikov
- Veronica Hurst as Julia Lindberg
- Judy Huxtable as Computer Center Girl
- Carol Blake as Crossword Puzzle Girl
- Claire Gordon as Hospital Doctor
- Denis Holmes as Maltby
- Gary Hope as "Army Officer"
- Billy Milton as Wilson
- Oliver MacGreevy as First Russian Commissar
- George Pastell as Second Russian Commissar
- Tony Wall as Sadistikov
- Stuart Saunders as Police Inspector
- Robert Marsden as August Jacobsen
- Paul Tann as Vladimir Sheehee
Aspects of productionEdit
Welsh Trinity College Oxford graduate and former RAF Intelligence Howard Griffiths emigrated to Australia where he wrote extensively for Australian television series such as the spy series Hunter (1967), and police shows Division 4, Homicide, and Blue Heelers.
The Second Best Secret Agent in the Whole Wide WorldEdit
Joseph E. Levine had great financial success after cheaply purchasing an Italian film called Hercules and releasing it in America with a massive publicity campaign, and decided to do the same with Licensed to Kill. However, the American release reedited the film by having the opening assassination performed by a Mum pulling a Sten gun out of her pram of twins changing to a pre-credit scene. Levine engaged songwriters Sammy Cahn and Jimmy Van Heusen to write a title song performed by Sammy Davis Jr and arranged and conducted by Claus Ogerman over the credits with the new title. The American release then eliminated scenes of Francis de Wolff talking to John Arnatt about seeking Bond for the assignment, and Vine in bed with a girl and a crossword puzzle giving double entendre clues. The American release also eliminates much of the dialogue about the anti gravity device, called "Regrav" that makes the denouement of the film less comprehensible.
The American publicity for the film echoed the "Number 2, but tries harder" advertising of the Avis Rent a Car System prevalent at the time. Levine launched a November 1965 nationwide 100 word essay contest to be titled "the most unforgettable second best secret agent I have known".
What Eon Productions's reaction was to the blatant imitation is not known, but Shonteff was missing from the two Vine sequels starring Tom Adams:
- Where the Bullets Fly (1966) (directed by Warwick Films and Hammer Films director John Gilling) that was also released by Embassy Films
- Somebody's Stolen Our Russian Spy/O.K. Yevtushenko (1969) a film shot in Spain instead of the usual UK location, that languished in a film laboratory until 1976.
Shonteff later made three spy films with the hero named "Charles Bind". In the first, his boss is also named Rockwell:
- "Big Rental Pictures of 1966", Variety, 4 January 1967 p 8
- Blake, Matt & Deal, David The Eurospy Guide Luminary Press 2004
- Bryce, Allan Nickels and Dimes and No Time. The Ups and Downs of Lindsay Shonteff featured in Jaworzyn, S Shock Xpress" The Essential Guide to Exploitation Cinema Titan 1994
- The Australian Obituary 16 Nov 1999
- [dead link]
- Giffard, Denis, editor The British Film Catalogue 1895–1994, British Film Institute