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Liberty County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,339.[2] Its county seat is Chester.[3] The decision to separate the future Liberty County area from the previous Hill and Chouteau counties was carried in a 1919 vote; the organization was authorized to commence in the following February.[1][4]

Liberty County
Liberty County Courthouse in Chester
Liberty County Courthouse in Chester
Map of Montana highlighting Liberty County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°33′N 111°02′W / 48.55°N 111.03°W / 48.55; -111.03
Country United States
State Montana
FoundedFebruary 11, 1920[1]
SeatChester
Largest townChester
Area
 • Total1,447 sq mi (3,750 km2)
 • Land1,430 sq mi (3,700 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
2,430
 • Density1.6/sq mi (0.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.co.liberty.mt.us
 
  • Montana county number 48

The SW corner of Liberty County holds Tiber Dam, a popular tourist and recreation area.

GeographyEdit

Liberty County is on the state's north line, so that it shares the US border with Canada. It abuts the Canadian province of Alberta. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,447 square miles (3,750 km2), of which 1,430 square miles (3,700 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 72.6% 698 21.4% 206 5.9% 57
2012 70.3% 702 25.8% 257 3.9% 39
2008 59.3% 594 36.7% 367 4.0% 40
2004 71.1% 734 27.2% 281 1.7% 18
2000 72.0% 752 23.3% 243 4.7% 49
1996 54.6% 634 32.6% 379 12.8% 149
1992 42.3% 512 26.5% 321 31.2% 378
1988 63.8% 771 34.6% 418 1.6% 19
1984 72.8% 895 26.3% 323 0.9% 11
1980 69.4% 872 22.5% 283 8.0% 101
1976 54.9% 638 43.5% 506 1.6% 19
1972 65.4% 808 29.6% 365 5.0% 62
1968 58.6% 670 34.1% 390 7.4% 84
1964 46.2% 533 53.6% 619 0.3% 3
1960 54.3% 597 45.6% 501 0.2% 2
1956 55.2% 601 44.8% 488 0.0% 0
1952 61.7% 671 37.8% 411 0.6% 6
1948 38.2% 354 58.5% 542 3.2% 30
1944 46.7% 393 52.3% 440 1.1% 9
1940 43.7% 434 55.3% 550 1.0% 10
1936 25.9% 276 71.2% 758 2.9% 31
1932 25.0% 252 72.4% 731 2.7% 27
1928 56.7% 446 42.2% 332 1.0% 8
1924 33.7% 239 19.9% 141 46.4% 329
1920 63.6% 757 27.8% 331 8.6% 102

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19202,416
19302,198−9.0%
19402,2090.5%
19502,180−1.3%
19602,62420.4%
19702,359−10.1%
19802,329−1.3%
19902,295−1.5%
20002,158−6.0%
20102,3398.4%
Est. 20182,430[7]3.9%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2018[2]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] of 2000, there were 2,158 people, 833 households, and 583 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,070 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.21% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. 0.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.0% were of German, 20.0% Norwegian, 7.2% English, 5.8% American and 5.0% Irish ancestry. 84.5% spoke English and 15.5% German as their first language.

There were 833 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.11.

The county population contained 25.80% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 19.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,284, and the median income for a family was $37,361. Males had a median income of $23,158 versus $16,579 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,882. About 19.00% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.90% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Researchers William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson described the county as typical of the northern Great Plains in being very thinly settled, almost fully dependent on agriculture, and lacking in urban areas. They noted that income can fluctuate substantially from year to year, depending on rainfall (which affects harvest yields) as well as grain and cattle prices, and that the 2000 Census recorded low incomes in 1999 after several years of drought. Also, the presence of Hutterite colonies in the county depresses per capita incomes because Hutterite families have significantly more children than the general population.[13]

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,339 people, 822 households, and 537 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile (0.62/km2). There were 1,043 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile (0.27/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% white, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.3% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 55.4% were German, 24.1% were Norwegian, 14.5% were Irish, 9.9% were English, and 1.4% were American.[16]

Of the 822 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families, and 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 44.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,212 and the median income for a family was $44,957. Males had a median income of $35,788 versus $30,714 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,097. About 12.4% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Montana County Formation Table". genealogytrails.com. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "History". Liberty County. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Facing Child Poverty in Rural America by William P. O'Hare and Kenneth M. Johnson, Population Reference Bureau, January 2004
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  18. ^ Eagle Creek Colony MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)
  19. ^ Hill MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)
  20. ^ Lothair MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)
  21. ^ Riverview Colony MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)
  22. ^ Sage Creek Colony MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)
  23. ^ Tiber MT Google Maps (accessed 2 January 2019)

Coordinates: 48°33′N 111°02′W / 48.55°N 111.03°W / 48.55; -111.03