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Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)

The Liberal Democratic Party (shortened as LDP, Liberal Democrats or Lib Dems) is an Australian political party founded in Canberra in 2001. The party espouses smaller government and supports policies that are based on classical liberal and right-libertarian principles.[5] The LDP is a registered party in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia and is also registered for federal elections with the Australian Electoral Commission. It also has a member of the Western Australian Legislative Council, Aaron Stonehouse, two representatives in the Victorian Legislative Council, Tim Quilty and David Limbrick, and elected representatives in some local governments.

Liberal Democratic Party
National PresidentAndrew Cooper
Founded2001; 18 years ago (2001)
HeadquartersDickson, Australian Capital Territory
Membership10,600[1]
IdeologyClassical liberalism[2]
Libertarianism[3]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
International affiliationInternational Alliance of Libertarian Parties
Colours     Yellow      Blue
Victorian Legislative Council
2 / 40
WA Legislative Council
1 / 36
Website
ldp.org.au

HistoryEdit

The Liberal Democratic Party was founded in 2001 as a political party registered in the Australian Capital Territory. It first contested elections in the 2001 ACT election, receiving 1 percent of the vote.[6] The party also contested the 2004 ACT election, receiving 1.3 percent of the vote.[7]

In 2006, changes to the Electoral Act by the Howard government forced all parties without parliamentary representation to deregister and re-register under stricter naming rules.[8] Advised by the Australian Electoral Commission that federal registration under the original name was uncertain given opposition by the Liberal Party of Australia and lacking the funding to appeal a likely negative finding, the party chose to register federally as the Liberty and Democracy Party in 2007.[9] The Liberty and Democracy Party contested 2007 federal election, winning 17,048 votes (0.14 percent) in the lower house and 16,942 votes (0.13 percent) in the upper house.

In 2008, the party successfully applied to the Australian Electoral Commission to change its federally registered name to Liberal Democratic Party.[10] During this period, the party remained registered under its original name in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT).[11]

In 2010, the party contests 2010 federal election, receiving 1.8 percent of the national senate vote[12] and an average of 1.3 percent across the 21 lower house seats it contested, with a best of 5.52 percent in Gippsland.

In 2012, the Liberal Democratic Party had its first successful election win. Jeff Pettett was elected as a Councillor to the Ku-ring-gai Council in northern metropolitan Sydney at the New South Wales local government elections, gaining 24 per cent of vote in the absence of Liberal Party candidates.[13] Clinton Mead was elected as a Councillor to the Campbelltown Council in southern metropolitan Sydney at the New South Wales local government elections

Prior to the 2012 Ramsay and Port Adelaide state by-elections in South Australia, the polls in The Advertiser newspaper gave the LDP 23 percent and 14 percent of the vote respectively in the absence of Liberal Party candidates. The LDP ended up with votes of 13.3 percent and 7.3 percent respectively. The paper described the LDP as "a hardline liberal party that demands abolition of government welfare as well as the minimum wage, seatbelts and bike helmets. It backs legalisation of marijuana and increased freedom to access pornography".[14]

At the 2013 federal election, LDP candidate David Leyonhjelm was elected to the Senate after polling the third highest vote in the state of New South Wales after the Liberal Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party.[15] According to Leyonhjelm, a portion of their vote probably came from their 'first position' on the long senate ballot paper and voters potentially being confused with his party and other contesting parties such as the Liberals, the Australian Democrats and the Christian Democratic Party.[16] However, Leyonhjelm points to the fact that the Liberal Democrats' vote in South Australia, where they were fifth on the ballot, rose 3 percentage points. He also points to the fact that the donkey vote generally only produces swings of +1 or 2 percentage points to the party listed first on the ballot.[17] Leyonhjelm organised preferences for several different, but closely entwined, political parties seeking election to the Senate, including the Outdoor Recreation Party, Smokers' Rights Party and the Republican Party of Australia.[18] Australian Sex Party candidate Fiona Patten alleged Leyonhjelm intentionally failed to lodge ticket voting preferences forms, reneging on a preference deal,[19] but Leyonhjelm claimed that there was a mistake entering the AEC fax number.[20] The Liberal Democrats were not involved in Glenn Druery's Minor Party Alliance during the election which assisted in negotiating preference flows between minor parties.[21] On 1 July 2014, David Leyonhjelm became the Liberal Democratic Party's first senator.

Shortly after David Leyonhjelm's Senate victory, Liberal Democrats councillor Clinton Mead was elected Mayor of the City of Campbelltown in New South Wales.[22]

In 2015, the Liberal Democrats registered with the Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC), and announced it would field upper-house candidates in the upcoming Victorian state election on 29 November 2014.[23] In 2016, the Liberal Party sought to challenge the name of the party with the electoral commission, but ultimately abandoned the action.[24]

David Leyonhjelm was re-elected with a 3.1 percent (−6.4) primary vote, or 139,000 votes, at the 2016 double dissolution federal election.[25] Gabriel Buckley, the LDP's lead candidate in Queensland, marginally misses out on a seat.[26]

WA elections were held 11 March 2017 where the states first LDP member, Aaron Stonehouse was elected.[22]

In May 2017, former Leader of the Opposition and political commentator Mark Latham left the Australian Labor Party and joined the LDP.[27]

In candidates 2018 Tim Quilty and David Limbrick are elected to the Victorian Legislative Council (state upper house). In the same year, Mark Latham left the party to become the leader of One Nation NSW division.[28]

In 2019, David Leyonhjelm announced that he will be quitting federal parliament in order to contest the New South Wales state election.[29] This resulted in Duncan Spender being sworn in to fill Leyonhjelm's former seat until the next Federal election.[30] David Leyonhjelm did not get elected in the 2019 New South Wales election securing only 0.46 of a seat quota.[31] Duncan Spender also lost their senate seat in the 2019 election.

Policies and viewsEdit

The LDP states that it adheres to classical liberal, small government and laissez-faire principles coupled with what the party considers as a high regard for individual freedom and individual responsibility.[32] LDP supported policies include:[33][34][35][36]

Election resultsEdit

Elected MPsEdit

  • Tim Quilty is currently an MLC in the Victorian upper house. He was formally a member of council in Wodonga.
  • David Limbrick is currently an MLC in the Victorian upper house.
  • Aaron Stonehouse is currently an MLC in the Western Australian upper house.

Federal parliamentEdit

Senate
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats won
No. of
overall seats
+/–
2007 16,942 0.13
0 / 40
0 / 76
2010 230,191 1.81
0 / 40
0 / 76
  0
2013 523,831 3.91
1 / 40
1 / 76
  1
2016 298,915 2.16
1 / 76
1 / 76
  0
2019 169,735 1.16
0 / 40
0 / 76
  1

State parliamentEdit

New South WalesEdit

Legislative Council
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats
+/–
2019 109,777 3.24
0 / 42

South AustraliaEdit

Legislative Council
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats
+/–
2018 25,956 2.47
0 / 22

VictoriaEdit

Legislative Council
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats
+/–
2018 89,428 2.50
2 / 40
  2

Western AustraliaEdit

Legislative Council
Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
No. of
overall seats
+/–
2017 23,848 1.77
1 / 36
  1

DonorsEdit

A 2019 report has found that the Liberal Democratic Party has received political donations of over $37,000 from pro-gun groups during the 2011-2018 period.[57]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ David Leyonhjelm. "Latham's Lure".
  2. ^ Bertram, Dean (21 September 2013). "In praise of Australia's Liberal Democrats". The Spectator.
  3. ^ "Libertarianism gets a loudspeaker in David Leyonhjelm". Australian Financial Review. 26 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Federal election 2016: Labor deal splits conservatives". The Australian. 23 June 2016.
  5. ^ "LDP philosophy". Ldp.org.au. Archived from the original on 20 November 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  6. ^ "2001 Election - First Preference Results". ACT Electoral Commission. 8 March 2005. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  7. ^ "2004 Election - First Preference Results". ACT Electoral Commission. 1 February 2005. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  8. ^ Stephen, Mayne (29 June 2006). "Minor parties deregistered by Howard electoral law changes". Crikey. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  9. ^ Davis, Mark; Jensen, Erik (12 November 2007). "Lots of trash 'n' treasure in micro-party bazaar". The Sydney Morning Herald (First ed.). p. 18. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  10. ^ Mitchell, Alex (10 February 2009). "Tax-hating gun-lovers register political party". Crikey. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  11. ^ "Register of political parties". ACT Electoral Commission. 15 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 24 November 2007.
  12. ^ "First Preferences by Party". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  13. ^ Bauche, David (12 September 2012). "Malicki dominates the vote for her sixth term". Hornsby Advocate. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  14. ^ Wills, Daniel (20 January 2012). "Female voters save Labor's seat". The Advertiser. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  15. ^ Damien Murphy (9 September 2013). "Detours ahead as minor parties claim Senate balance". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  16. ^ "NSW sends pro-gun Liberal Democrat David Leyonhjelm to Senate". Abc.net.au. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  17. ^ "Liberals don't live up to their name, unlike the LDP". The Australian. 1 October 2013.
  18. ^ Crook, Andrew (22 August 2013). "Revealed: the libertarian Right's micro-party links". crikey.com.au. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  19. ^ Dunckley, Mathew (16 September 2013). "Faulty fax machine blamed in Sex Party spat over Senate seat". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  20. ^ Swan, Jonathan (16 September 2013). "Sex Party points finger at minor rival over preference form bungle". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  21. ^ Dylan Welch (1 April 2014). "Senate voting inquiry prompted by Glenn Druery's election tactics could put end to preference trading" – ABC.net.au. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  22. ^ a b "New Mayors for Campbelltown and Camden".
  23. ^ Rose, Danny (5 November 2014). "Lib Dems to stand candidates for Vic poll". The Australian. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Leyonhjelm wins 'Liberal' tag battle". Yahoo. 13 March 2016. Archived from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  25. ^ "Senate Results - Australia Votes - Federal Election 2016". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  26. ^ "One Nation claims four Senate seats".
  27. ^ "Mark Latham joins Liberal Democrats and sparks speculation of return to politics". The Guardian. 8 May 2017.
  28. ^ "Mark Latham joins One Nation as NSW leader".
  29. ^ Cockburn, Paige (7 January 2019). "David Leyonhjelm to quit federal politics and contest NSW election". ABC News. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  30. ^ "New senator vows to make short week count". Manning River Times. 1 April 2019.
  31. ^ Stewart, Selby; Coleman, Oscar (15 April 2019). "Leyonhjelm fails in NSW Upper House bid, Animal Justice Party claims seat". ABC News. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  32. ^ "Principles". Liberal Democratic Party. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  33. ^ "Policies". Liberal Democratic Party. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  34. ^ Kroehn, Chantelle; Adam Todd (14 November 2007). "`Local' candidates are anything but". Guardian Messenger (1 - FIRST ed.). p. 4.
  35. ^ "Policies". Liberal Democratic Party. Retrieved 3 August 2010.
  36. ^ Bicknell, Graham (23 November 2007). "Soccer should be banned says LDP". Geelong Advertiser (1 - ed.). p. 2.
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  38. ^ [1]
  39. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ "David Leyonhjelm voted moderately for regional processing of asylum seekers".
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "Lifestyle Choices".
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  50. ^ [2]
  51. ^ a b c "Religion". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  52. ^ "Drug Reform". Liberal Democratic Party. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  53. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  54. ^ "Lindt cafe hostages, like the rest of us, denied the practical right to self-defence". Smh.com.au. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  55. ^ "Legal to carry ___ for self-defense?". Forums.whirlpool.net.au. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  56. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  57. ^ Knowles, Lorna (27 March 2019). "Gun lobby's 'concerted and secretive' bid to undermine Australian laws". ABC News. Retrieved 15 July 2019.

External linksEdit