Liao Shaohua (simplified Chinese: 廖少华; traditional Chinese: 廖少華; pinyin: Liào Shàohuá; born November 1960) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Guizhou province. He successively served as the Mayor of the city of Liupanshui, then Party Secretary of the Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture. In Qiandongnan Prefecture, Liao developed a reputation for being a low-key competent official. He oversaw a tough local anti-corruption campaign that saw over a dozen local officials charged and sentenced to prison. He also engaged with ordinary residents by responding to inquiries and petitions online. He became Party Secretary of Zunyi in July 2012, which eventually earned him a seat on the provincial party Standing Committee, making Liao one of the province's highest-ranked officials.
|Communist Party Secretary of Zunyi|
July 2012 – October 2013
|Preceded by||Yu Hongqiu|
|Succeeded by||Wang Xiaoguang|
|Party Secretary of Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture|
July 2005 – July 2012
|Mayor of Liupanshui|
December 2001 – July 2005
|Born||November 1960 (age 58)|
|Political party||Communist Party of China (1982–2014, expelled)|
|Spouse(s)||Wang Li (王丽)|
|Alma mater||Southwest Jiaotong University|
Central Party School of the Communist Party of China
Liao was abruptly removed from office in October 2013, and was subject to a corruption investigation by the party's internal disciplinary body. Liao was convicted on charges of abuse of power and bribery, and sentenced to 16 years in prison.
Liao was born in Suining, Sichuan in November 1960. After the resumption of University Entrance Examination in 1977, Liao entered Southwest Jiaotong University in March 1978, majoring in railway engineering, where he graduated in August 1982.
Liao began work in August 1982 and he joined the Communist Party of China in December 1984. Beginning in August 1982, Liao worked in China Railway No.5 Engineering Corporation. He remained in the company until August 1997. Liao served as the President of Guizhou Youth Federation between February 1998 to May 1998.
In May 1998 he was promoted to become the Vice-Chairman of Guizhou Planning Commission, a position he held until December 2001.
Leading local governments in GuizhouEdit
In December 2001, he was appointed the Mayor of Liupanshui, concurrently holding the office of Deputy Party Secretary. He remained in that position until July 2005, when he was transferred to Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture and appointed the Party Secretary.
In the Qiandongnan region, Liao was known for his low-key leadership style. He oversaw a tough local anti-corruption campaign, personally handling some 50 cases of corruption, leading to the conviction and jail sentences for over a dozen local officials. His actions were widely praised in the community. He was also known to have engaged with residents online. Liao once said, "The internet is a new form of democratic participation; it opens the channels for ordinary internet users to air their concerns with the government. Between July 2008 and August 2009, residents wrote over 150 messages for Liao on an official online portal. Liao responded to every message, and was said to have addressed the concerns of residents in over half of the cases.
Liao was appointed as the Party Secretary of the Communist revolutionary heartland of Zunyi in July 2012, and he was named a Standing Committee member of the CPC Guizhou Committee in January 2013, catapulting him to "sub-provincial level" office.
On October 28, 2013, Liao was scheduled to preside over a meeting of the municipal party leadership. He did not show up and the meeting was cancelled without explanation. It was later announced that Liao would be investigated by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China (CCDI) for "serious violations of laws and regulations". On October 31, Liao was dismissed from his position for corruption. That Liao, known locally as an anti-corruption crusader, would himself fall from grace due to corruption surprised many in the communities which he served; it was said to have further eroded public trust of government authorities. In April 2014, the CCDI concluded that Liao took a "large amount of bribes" and abused the powers of his office; the case was then moved onto prosecution by the Supreme People's Procuratorate.
Liao was tried at the Xi'an People's Intermediate Court in 2015. He was found guilty of abuse of power and bribery and sentenced to 16 years in prison on April 9, 2015. Court documents showed Liao as having taken some 13.24 million yuan ($2.13 million) in bribes, and forced the finance department of the Qiaodongnan regional government to repay a development company some 3 million yuan, leading to the "waste of public funds."
- "黔东南：廖少华当选黔东南州委书记". People. Archived from the original on 2012-02-02. Retrieved 2012-05-01.
- "贵州原常委廖少华落马前后其妻及数名商人被查". Ifeng via Xinjing Daily. November 18, 2013.
- "Taken: How China's anti-graft agents catch targets off guard". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17.
- 廖少华的惊世之举 (in Chinese). Neteast. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- 中纪委：廖少华、童名谦等涉严重违纪已立案调查 (in Chinese). Chinanews. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- 落马官员廖少华:工作能力强没架子 用人讲圈子 (in Chinese). Sina. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "最高人民检察院依法决定对廖少华立案侦查(图)". Sina. May 7, 2014.
- "原贵州遵义市委书记廖少华一审获刑16年". 网易. April 9, 2015.