Liability (song)

"Liability" is a song recorded by New Zealand singer and songwriter Lorde, from her second studio album Melodrama (2017). Lorde co-wrote and co-produced the track with Jack Antonoff. It was released on 10 March 2017, by Lava and Republic Records as the album's first promotional single. It is a pop piano ballad, which is accompanied with organs and guitar strums in the background. The track's lyrics detail the consequences and scrutiny Lorde's friends received from the media as a result of her new-found fame and the effect it had on her emotional health.

"Liability"
Promotional single by Lorde
from the album Melodrama
Released10 March 2017
Studio
GenrePop
Length2:54
Label
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
  • Lorde
  • Antonoff
Melodrama track listing
12 tracks
  1. "Green Light"
  2. "Sober"
  3. "Homemade Dynamite"
  4. "The Louvre"
  5. "Liability
  6. "Hard Feelings/Loveless"
  7. "Sober II (Melodrama)
  8. "Writer in the Dark"
  9. "Supercut"
  10. "Liability (Reprise)"
  11. "Perfect Places"
Japan bonus track
  1. "Green Light" (Chromeo remix)
Spotify bonus track
  1. "Homemade Dynamite" (Remix)

Music critics praised the song's lyrical content and Lorde's vocal delivery; some noted its dramatic sonic shift from the album's lead single "Green Light" (2017), which was released a week prior. The song had minor chart placements in the United States and the United Kingdom, placing at 78 and 84, respectively. She performed "Liability" for the first time at Saturday Night Live in New York and at Coachella Valley Music Festival in California. It was part of the set list of her Melodrama World Tour (2017–18). Swedish singer Tove Styrke released a cover of the song titled "Liability (Demo)" to streaming services on 14 December 2017.

Background and developmentEdit

 
Lorde credits Rihanna's 2016 song "Higher" as inspiration for writing "Liability"

Lorde revealed to a crowd at a secret iHeartRadio concert she held in Los Angeles on August 2017 that "Liability" was inspired after a night she became "so overcome with anger and emotion". She walked approximately 8 km (5 mi) to 10 km (6 mi) before ordering an Uber to take her home. The singer stated that she cried as she listened to Rihanna's song "Higher" from her 2016 album Anti because she felt a specific feeling of "being 'too much' for somebody."[1] Self-proclaimed as her first ballad, Lorde described the songwriting process of "Liability" as "therapeutic" as she felt that she said everything about herself that could hurt her "coming from other people" in an exclusive podcast interview with The Spinoff.[2]

The singer confessed that the original concept for "Liability" was a rap skit.[2] Lorde said she wanted to find a "fancy sound designer" to put the listener in a party. In there, she wanted to evoke the feeling of her walking away from said party down a hall, find a room, shut the door and then deliver a verse and chorus of the song.[2] She also intended to have dialogue within "Liability", with someone calling her name and Lorde walking out of the room as the listener stays inside waiting for the next song to play. She contemplated changing the framing of the track but refrained from doing so.[2] The singer revealed that in the track, there was a specific note that was "deliberately missing", meant to feel like taking a breath or as if one would skip a step downstairs. She spent a couple of days in Waiheke Island to write the song.[2]

Recording and compositionEdit

Lorde recorded "Liability" in three different locations across the United States. She started recording the song at Electric Lady Studios, in New York, with Jack Antonoff and assistance from Barry McCready and Eric Eylands in engineering. Lorde and Antonoff both worked at Rough Customer Studio, in Brooklyn Heights, New York, a joint publishing venture between Sony/ATV and Antonoff. Recording concluded at Conway Recording Studios, in Los Angeles, California. Tom Elmhirst mixed the song at Electric Lady Studios, with assistance from Brandon Bost and Joe Visciano. Laura Sisk served as the sound engineer. It was published under the licenses of Songs Music Publishing, Sony/ATV Songs LLC, and Ducky Donath Music (BMI).[3]

According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com, "Liability" is composed in the key of D-flat major and in the common time signature. The song moves at a moderately slow tempo of 72 beats per minute, and Lorde's vocals span a range of C3–A4.[4] It is described by critics as a pop piano ballad,[5] with guitar strums and organs in the background.[6][5] Pitchfork editor Quinn Moreland noted an "unidentified mumbling male voice" at the start of the track.[6] Patrick D. McDermott from The Fader compared "Liability" to the works of American indie rock band Bright Eyes.[7] Time called it a "stripped-down" track, with a haunting piano melody that accompanies the singer's voice, which was labelled as husky.[8] Its lyrics reveal the consequences of Lorde's rise to fame, in the lines, "The truth is, I am a toy that people enjoy 'til all of the tricks don't work anymore / And then they are bored of me."[9]

ReceptionEdit

"Liability" received critical acclaim from music critics, with many commending the song's lyrical content, Lorde's vocal delivery,[9] and was called one of the stand out tracks on the record.[10] Jon Blistein of Rolling Stone described the song as a "short but poignant song that finds Lorde grappling with fame and how it can change friendships and relationships."[9] Billboard writer Andrew Unterberger commended its lyrics and Lorde's delivery, calling the song "an absolute jaw-dropper."[11] Spin editor Anna Gaca praised Lorde for turning the track into a "poetic meditation on the perils of intimacy".[12] Pitchfork expressed that the song was a "powerful counterpart to "Green Light" that shows how intensely Lorde peers into herself on her second record."[6]

The song was released with the pre-order of Melodrama on digital download sites.[13] In the United States, "Liability" debuted at number 78 on the Billboard Hot 100. It charted on Digital Songs Sales at number 27 (27,000 first-week downloads sold in the week ending March 16), while adding 4.7 million U.S. streams.[14] The song had minor chart placements in the United Kingdom and France, debuting at number 84 and 54, respectively. "Liability" debuted at number eight in the singer's native country, earning Lorde her ninth top 10 entry in New Zealand.[15] Conversely, the song debuted within the mid-tier in Australia and Canada, placing at number 42 and 62, respectively.[16][17] It has received certifications in Australia (Platinum),[18] Canada (Gold),[19] New Zealand (Gold),[20] and the United Kingdom (Silver).[21] The song was ranked the 81st greatest song of 2017 by Australian alternative music station Triple J.[22]

Live performances and other usageEdit

 
Tove Styrke released a "heavy electro-pop" version of the song, titled "Liability (Demo)"[23]

Lorde performed "Liability" for the first time on Saturday Night Live. She sang the song with Antonoff, next to a piano while wearing a white bridal veil. Both Lorde and Antonoff brought several pieces to place on the piano to feel like when they initially wrote the song. Several of the pieces included a set of candles, Lorrie Moore's short story collection Self-Help (1985) and a framed picture of Swedish singer Robyn.[24] Rolling Stone called it a "sparse, understated rendition."[25] In a review for the episode, Chris White from Paste praised Lorde's performance, stating that the singer may be "remembered as the best musical performance" of the show's season.[26] Vish Khanna from Exclaim describe the performance as "artfully shot," with a piano accompaniment from Antonoff to back a "raw, emotional vocal" which was compared to American musicians Patti Smith and Paul Westerberg.[27]

"Liability" was also performed at the Glastonbury Festival in England. Lorde confessed to the crowd that the song's inspiration came from the "bottomless pit of misery that comes from knowing you're a massive loser." The Telegraph called it a "beautiful confession" and one that "demonstrated the purity of her flawless vocals."[28] She also performed the track at the ARIA Music Awards while sitting alone in a dim corner with lights peeking through a "wall of blinds."[29] Lorde performed the song at the 2017 Coachella festival in "a glass box." Before she introduced the song, she briefly sang Kanye West’s single "Runaway" (2010).[30] Tove Styrke, an opening act on Lorde's Melodrama World Tour, released a demo of the track on streaming services on 14 December 2017. It was well-received by critics who commended its "bouncy pop" twist.[31] Styrke released a music video of her cover, filmed in a "deserted studio, decorated with fluorescent lights, [and Styrke] sprawled across the ground."[23] The song is heard at the end of the Quantico episode "Global Reach".[32] It was also featured in a special episode of HBO's original series, Euphoria.[33]

Credits and personnelEdit

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Melodrama.[3]

Recording and management

Personnel

ChartsEdit

Chart (2017) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[34] 42
Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[35] 62
Czech Republic (Singles Digitál Top 100)[36] 79
France (SNEP)[37] 54
Ireland (IRMA)[38] 74
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[39] 8
Russia Airplay (Tophit)[40] 333
Scotland (OCC)[41] 52
Slovakia (Singles Digitál Top 100)[42] 89
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[43] 86
UK Singles (OCC)[44] 84
US Billboard Hot 100[45] 78

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[18] Platinum 70,000 
Canada (Music Canada)[19] Gold 40,000 
New Zealand (RMNZ)[20] Gold 15,000 
United Kingdom (BPI)[21] Silver 200,000 
United States (RIAA)[46] Gold 500,000 

  Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lang, Cady (31 August 2017). "Lorde Says Rihanna Inspired One of the Most Emotional Tracks on Her Latest Album". Time. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
    Shaffer, Claire (24 June 2017). "The Influences on Lorde's 'Melodrama': Frank Ocean, Robyn, Bowie and 10 Other Artists Who Shaped Its Sound". Newsweek. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e Oliver, Henry (19 June 2017). "The Spinoff Exclusive: Lorde explains the backstory behind every song on her new album". The Spinoff. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b Melodrama (Media notes). Lorde. Lava Records / Republic Records. 2017.CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ "Lorde "Liability" Sheet Music in Db Major (transposable)". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b Unterberger, Andrew (26 March 2017). "Seven Reasons Lorde's New Ballad 'Liability' is a Stunner". Billboard. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b c Moreland, Quinn (10 March 2017). ""Liability" by Lorde Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  7. ^ Cliff, Aimee; Myers, Owen; Tanzer, Myles; D. McDermott, Patrick (16 June 2017). "In A World Of Playlists, Lorde's Melodrama Commands Your Attention". The Fader. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  8. ^ Bruner, Raisa (9 March 2017). "Listen to Lorde's Stripped-Down New Ballad 'Liability'". Time. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  9. ^ a b c Blistein, Jon (9 March 2017). "Lorde Unveils 'Melodrama' Release Date With Moving New Song 'Liability'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  10. ^ McDermott, Maeve (20 June 2017). "Lorde's 'Melodrama' is 2017's best pop album so far". USA Today. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  11. ^ Unterberger, Andrew (9 March 2017). "Seven Reasons Lorde's New Ballad 'Liability' Is a Stunner". Billboard. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  12. ^ Gaca, Anna (16 June 2017). "Review: Lorde Is a Visionary in the Dark on Melodrama". Spin. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  13. ^ The New Zealand Herald Staff (10 March 2017). "Why you won't hear Lorde's new song Liability on the radio". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  14. ^ Trust, Gary (22 March 2017). "Hot 100 Chart Moves: Adele Adds Another Radio Songs Top 10 & Lorde Debuts". Billboard. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  15. ^ "Lorde - Liability". charts.nz. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Lorde - Liability". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Canadian Music: Top 100 Songs Chart". Billboard. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  18. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2018 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Canadian single certifications – Lorde – Liability". Music Canada. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  20. ^ a b "New Zealand single certifications – Lorde – Liability". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  21. ^ a b "British single certifications – Lorde – Liability". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Humble winner: Kendrick Lamar's hit single tops the hottest 100". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  23. ^ a b McNeilage, Ross (10 January 2018). "Tove Styrke Releases Video For Lorde's 'Liability' Cover". MTV UK. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  24. ^ Sodomsky, Sam (12 March 2017). "Lorde Performs "Liability" in a Wedding Dress on "SNL": Watch". Pitchfork. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  25. ^ Kreps, Michael (12 March 2017). "See Lorde Unleash Spirited 'Melodrama' Songs on 'SNL'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  26. ^ White, Chris (12 March 2017). "Saturday Night Live Review: "Scarlett Johansson/Lorde"". Paste. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  27. ^ Khanna, Vish (11 March 2017). "Saturday Night Live: Scarlett Johansson & Lorde". Exclaim. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  28. ^ Vincent, Alice (23 June 2017). "Lorde makes a bold and brilliant Glastonbury debut - review". The Telegraph. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  29. ^ Schatz, Lake (28 November 2017). "Lorde delivers showstopping performance of "Liability" and "Green Light" at 2017 ARIA Awards: Watch". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  30. ^ Minsker, Evan; Monroe, Jazz (17 April 2017). "Coachella 2017: Watch Lorde Perform "Green Light," "Liability," More". Pitchfork. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  31. ^ Howard, Lindsay (14 September 2017). "Listen to Tove Styrke's Beaming Cover of Lorde's 'Liability'". Variance. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
    Wass, Mike (14 September 2017). "Tove Styrke Delivers A Sublime Cover Of Lorde's "Liability"". Idolator. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
    Kent, Matthew (14 December 2017). "Tove Styrke works her magic on Lorde's "Liability"". The Line of Best Fit. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  32. ^ Li, Shirley (2 May 2017). "'Quantico': Can Alex Stop the Collaborators After President Haas' Resignation?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  33. ^ Travers, Ben (23 January 2021). "'Euphoria' Review: Jules' Special Episode Ties Together a Tangled Romance — Spoilers". IndieWire. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  34. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Lorde – Liability". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  35. ^ "Lorde Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  36. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – SINGLES DIGITAL – TOP 100 and insert 201711 into search. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  37. ^ "Le Top de la semaine : Top Singles Téléchargés – SNEP (Week 11, 2017)" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  38. ^ "IRMA – Irish Charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  39. ^ "Charts.nz – Lorde – Liability". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  40. ^ "Chart Search". Tophit: Liability – Lorde. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  42. ^ "ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Select SINGLES DIGITAL - TOP 100 and insert 201711 into search. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  43. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Lorde – Liability". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  44. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  45. ^ "Lorde Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  46. ^ "American single certifications – Lorde – Liability". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 11 December 2020. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 

External linksEdit