LexisNexis

LexisNexis is a corporation that sells data mining platforms through online portals, computer-assisted legal research (CALR) and information about consumers around the world.[3][4][clarification needed] During the 1970s, LexisNexis began to make legal and journalistic documents more accessible electronically.[5] As of 2006, the company had the world's largest electronic database for legal and public-records–related information.[6]

LexisNexis
TypeSubsidiary
IndustryPublishing
Founded1970; 51 years ago (1970)
HeadquartersHelmsley Building
New York City, New York, U.S.[1]
ProductsCase law, articles, publications, news, court documents, lawyer marketing, law practice management tools, media monitoring tools, supply management tools, sales intelligence solutions, and market intelligence tools
Number of employees
10,000[2]
ParentRELX
WebsiteLexisnexis.com

HistoryEdit

 
LexisNexis office in Markham, a suburb of Toronto, Ontario, Canada

LexisNexis was founded based on ideas developed by John Horty. Horty worked in comparative hospital law at the University of Pittsburgh Health Law Center. While working, Horty realized hospital laws varied from state to state and built a CALR computer database to track them.[7][8] The Ohio State Bar Association (OSBA) developed its own CALR system based on Horty's work in 1965.[9] In 1967, the OSBA signed a contract with Data Corporation, a local defense contractor, to build the CALR based on the OSBA's specifications.[9] Data Corp built a database management system for OSBA using Data Central.[10]

In 1968, paper manufacturer Mead Corporation purchased Data Corporation for $6 million.[11] Mead hired the Arthur D. Little consulting firm to study the business possibilities for the Data Central technology.[11] Little sent a team of consultants, including H. Donald Wilson and Jerome Rubin, a practicing lawyer.[12][13] The consultants found that a database system for the legal market had the potential to be profitable.[12][14] However, the technology needed to be improved, as searches took up to five hours to complete if more than one user was online, and its original terminals were Teletypes with slow transmission rates of 10 characters per second.[14] The original terminals were replaced with CRT text terminals in 1970.[14] The system also had quality control issues; Rubin later recalled that its data was “unacceptably dirty”.[15]

1970-1980Edit

In February 1970, Mead reorganized Data Corporation’s Information Systems Division into a new Mead subsidiary called Mead Data Central (MDC).[16] Wilson and Rubin were installed as president and vice president respectively.[16] A year later, Mead bought out the OSBA's interests in the Ohio project.[16]

Wilson was reluctant to abandon the OBAR/Data Central work to date and start over.[17] In September 1971, Mead's management made Wilson vice chairman of the board, a nonoperational role, and promoted Rubin to president of MDC.[16] Rubin pushed the legacy Data Central technology back to Mead Corporation.[16] Under a newly organized division, Mead Technical Laboratories, Data Central continued to operate as a service bureau for nonlegal applications until 1980.[18]

After separating the system from Data Central, Rubin hired a team to build a new information service dedicated to legal research.[19] He created a new name for the system: LEXIS, from “lex,” the Latin word for law, and “IS” for “information service.”[17] After several iterations, the functional and performance specifications were finalized by Rubin and executive vice president Bob Bennett in 1972.[19] System designer Edward Gottsman supervised the implementation of the specifications as working computer code.[19] At the same time, Rubin and Bennett coordinated the keyboarding of the legal materials to be provided through LEXIS,[20] and designed a business plan, marketing strategy, and training program.[19] MDC's corporate headquarters were moved to New York City, while the data center stayed in Dayton, Ohio.[20]

Lexis was the first information service to directly serve end users. To persuade American lawyers to use LEXIS, MDC targeted them with marketing, sales, and training campaigns.[21]

On April 2, 1973, MDC publicly launched LEXIS at a press conference in New York City, with libraries of New York and Ohio case law, as well as a library of federal tax materials.[22] By the end of that year, the LEXIS database had reached two billion characters in size and had added the entire United States Code, as well as the United States Reports from 1938 through 1973.[20]

By 1974, LEXIS was running on an IBM 370/155 computer in Ohio, supported by a set of IBM 3330 disk storage units which could store up to about 4 billion characters.[23] Its communications processor could handle 62 terminals simultaneously with transmission speed at 120 characters per second per user.[23] On this platform, LEXIS was able to execute over 90% of searches within less than five seconds.[23] Over 100 text terminals had been deployed to various legal offices and there were already over 4,000 trained LEXIS users.[23]

By 1975, the LEXIS database had grown to 5 billion characters and could handle up to 200 terminals simultaneously.[23] By 1976, the LEXIS database included case law from six states, plus federal materials.[23] MDC turned a profit for the first time in 1977.[23]

In 1980, the NEXIS service was added, providing journalists with a searchable database of news articles.[24]

 
The old LexisNexis logo

1981-1990Edit

In September 1981, Rubin, Bennett and Gottsman left Mead Data Central.[25][26]

When Toyota launched the Lexus line of luxury vehicles in 1987, Mead Data Central sued for trademark infringement on the grounds that consumers would confuse "Lexus" with "Lexis". A market research survey asked consumers to identify the spoken word "Lexis". Survey results showed that a nominal number of people thought of the computerized legal search system and a similarly small number thought of Toyota's luxury car division. A judge ruled against Toyota, and the company appealed the decision.[27][28] Mead lost on appeal in 1989 when the Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit held that there was little chance of consumer confusion.[29]

In 1988, Mead acquired the Michie Company, a legal publisher, from Macmillan.[30]

1991-2000Edit

In December 1994, Mead sold the LexisNexis system to Reed Elsevier (now RELX) for $1.5 billion.[31] The U.S. state of Illinois subsequently charged Mead income tax and penalties for the sale of LexisNexis.[32] Mead paid the tax but sued for a refund in an Illinois state court.[32] On April 15, 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed with Mead that the Illinois courts had incorrectly applied the Court's precedents on whether Illinois could constitutionally apply its income tax to Mead, an out-of-state, Ohio-based corporation.[32][33][34] The Court reversed the decision and remanded the case to the lower courts so they could apply the correct test and determine whether Mead and Lexis were a "unitary" business.[32][34]

In 1997, LexisNexis acquired 52 legal titles, including the Lawyers' Edition, owned by the Thomson Corporation. Thomson was required to sell the titles as a condition of acquiring competing publisher West.[35][36]

In 1998, Reed Elsevier acquired Shepard's Citations and made it part of LexisNexis.[37] Before electronic citators like Westlaw's KeyCite appeared, Shepard's was the only legal citation service which attempted to provide comprehensive coverage of American law.[38]

2000-PresentEdit

In March 2000, Hans Gieskes stepped down as President and CEO.[39] He was replaced by Crispin Davis.[39] In November 2000, LexisNexis announced Veracity, a web distribution service for articles.[40]

In February 2005, LexisNexis began offering LexisNexis AlaCarte, a service that allowed users to search the database for free and only purchase the articles they needed, rather than paying for a monthly subscription.[41] In spring 2005, LexisNexis announced that a data breach had occurred and the information of more than 300,000 clients may have been compromised.[42] LexisNexis offered identity theft protection Equifax Consumer Services to affect customers.[43]

In 2009, another data breach occurred at LexisNexis and affected 30,000 people.[44] The personal information of three hundred people were used in crimes across the United States.[44] LexisNexis offered affected customers a free year of credit monitoring by ConsumerInfo.com.[44]

In 2016, LexisNexis announced plans to move jobs from Dayton to North Carolina.[45]

In February 2020, LexisNexis transitioned its database services to the Amazon Web Services cloud architecture, and shut down its legacy mainframes and servers.[46]

AcquisitionsEdit

In 2000, LexisNexis purchased RiskWise, a St. Cloud, Minnesota company.[47] In 2001, LexisNexis acquired CourtLink, a company that provides electronic-access services for legal matters.[48] In 2002, it acquired the Canadian research database company, Quicklaw.[49] Also in 2002, LexisNexis acquired the Ohio legal publisher, Anderson Publishing.[50][51]

In 2004, LexisNexis acquired Data.TXT, a developer of legal practice management software.[52] In February 2008, Reed Elsevier purchased data aggregator ChoicePoint (previous NYSE ticker symbol CPS) in a cash deal for US$3.6 billion.[53] ChoicePoint was integrated with LexisNexis and Reed Elsevier's analytics group to create LexisNexis Risk Solutions.[53][54]

In 2013, LexisNexis and Reed Elsevier Properties SA, acquired the publishing brands and businesses of Sheshunoff and A.S. Pratt from Thompson Media Group.[55][56] Sheshunoff Information Services and A.S. Pratt are print and electronic publishing companies that provide information to financial and legal professionals in the banking industry, as well as online training and tools for financial institutions.[55][56]

In November 2014, LexisNexis Risk Solutions bought Health Market Science (HMS), a supplier of data about US healthcare professionals.[57] In 2016, LexisNexis Risk Solutions acquired the Crash and Project business of Appriss.[58]

Commercial productsEdit

LexisNexis services are delivered via two websites that require separate paid subscriptions.[59]

In 2000, Lexis began building a library of briefs and motions.[60] In addition to this, Lexis also has libraries of statutes, case judgments and opinions for jurisdictions such as France, Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, South Africa and the United Kingdom as well as databases of law review and legal journal articles for countries for which materials are available.

Previously, LexisNexis had a stripped-down free version (known as LexisOne) but this has been discontinued and replaced by Lexis Communities,[61] which provides news and blogs across a variety of legal areas.

Time Matters is a LexisNexis-branded software offering. Lexis for Microsoft Office[62] is a LexisNexis-branded software offering.

In France, the UK and Australia, LexisNexis publishes books, magazines and journals, both in hard copy and online. Titles include Taxation Magazine, Lawyers Weekly and La Semaine Juridique.

LexisNexis UKEdit

The organization that eventually became LexisNexis UK was founded in 1818 by Henry Butterworth (1786–1860).[63] He was a pupil at King Henry VIII School, Coventry. After leaving Coventry he was apprenticed to and, for some time, worked for his uncle Joseph Butterworth, the great law bookseller of Fleet Street. In 1818, however, disagreement between them as to the terms of partnership made Henry set up on his own account at the corner of Middle Temple Gate (7 Fleet Street), where he became the well-known Queen's Law Bookseller.

Butterworths was acquired by International Publishing Corporation in 1965; IPC was acquired by the Reed Group in 1970.[64] Heinemann Professional Publishing was merged with Butterworths Scientific in 1990 to form Butterworth-Heinemann.[65] The Butterworths publishing business is now owned and operated in the UK by Reed Elsevier (UK) Ltd, a company in the Reed Elsevier Group. Publications continue to be produced by RELX (UK) Ltd using the "LexisNexis", "Butterworths" and "Tolley" trade marks. Such publications include Halsbury's Laws of England and the All England Law Reports, amongst others.

The Butterworths name is also used to publish works in many countries such as Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

LexisNexis also produces a range of software, services and products which are designed to support the practice of the legal profession. For example, case management systems, customer relationship management systems ("CRMs") and proofreading tools for Microsoft Office.[63]

Other productsEdit

InterAction is a customer relationship management system designed specifically for professional services firms such as accountancy and legal firms.[66][67]

Business Insight Solutions offers news and business content and market intelligence tools.[68][69] It is a global provider of news and business information and market intelligence tools for professionals in risk management, corporate, political, media, and academic markets.[70]

Criticism and controversiesEdit

Collaboration with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)Edit

In November 2019, legal scholars and human rights activists called on LexisNexis to cease work with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement because their work directly contributes to the deportation of undocumented migrants.[71]

CensorshipEdit

Pursuant to instructions from Chinese authorities, in 2017 LexisNexis withdrew Nexis and LexisNexis Academic from China.[72]

Awards and recognitionEdit

  • In 2010 and 2011 the Human Rights Campaign recognized LexisNexis as a company that treats its lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender employees well.[73]
  • Training magazine inducted LexisNexis into its "Training Top 125" list between 2007 and 2010. In 2008 the company was 26th on the list, rising 6 places from the previous year, but in 2009 it was 71st place and by 2010 was 105th.[74]
  • In 2012, Nexis won the SIIA CODIE Award for Best Political Information Resource.[75]
  • In 2013, LexisNexis SmartMeeting won the Stevie Award for sales and customer service.[76]
  • In 2014, LexisDraft won the SIIA CODIE Award for Best Business Information Solution.[77]
  • LexisNexis made the 2014 Spend Matters Almanac List for 50 Providers to watch for in the procurement sector.[78]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bockmann, Rich (28 July 2016). "Reed Elsevier inks 45K sf lease at Helmsley Building". The Real Deal. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Company Snapshot | LexisNexis®". www.lexisnexis.com.
  3. ^ Vance, Ashlee (January 25, 2010). "Legal Sites Plan Revamps as Rivals Undercut Price". The New York Times.
  4. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; A NAME CHANGE IS PLANNED FOR MEAD DATA CENTRAL". The New York Times. December 2, 1994.
  5. ^ Miller, Stephen (January 12, 2012). "For Future Reference, a Pioneer in Online Reading". The Wall Street Journal.
  6. ^ "Lexis-Nexis founder Don Wilson dies". UPI.com. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  7. ^ Hershey, Tina Batra; Burke, Donald (February 2018). "Pioneers in Computerized Legal Research: The Story of the Pittsburgh System". Pittsburgh Journal of Technology Law and Policy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. 18: 29–39. doi:10.5195/tlp.2018.212. ISSN 2164-800X.
  8. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 229–230. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  9. ^ a b Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 235–236. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  10. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 239–245. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  11. ^ a b Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 245–246. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  12. ^ a b Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  13. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  14. ^ a b c Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 249. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  15. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  16. ^ a b c d e Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  17. ^ a b Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 300. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  18. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  19. ^ a b c d Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  20. ^ a b c Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  21. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 302–303. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  22. ^ Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. pp. 300–301. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-262-02538-6. Available through IEEE Xplore.
  24. ^ Gellatly, Peter (1986). Serials Librarianship in Transition: Issues and Developments. Psychology Press. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-86656-497-7.
  25. ^ Miller, Stephen (2012-01-13). "For Future Reference, a Pioneer in Online Reading". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-07-23.
  26. ^ "Staff changes made in Mead data division". Newspapers.com. 8 October 1981. Retrieved 2021-07-23.
  27. ^ James Risen (January 4, 1989). "Distinctiveness of 'Lexis' Trademark Cited Toyota Can't Call Car 'Lexus,' Judge Says". Los Angeles Times.
  28. ^ Mead Data Cent. v. Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A. 702 F.Supp. 1031 (1988)
  29. ^ Mead Data Cent., Inc. v. Toyota Motor Sales 875 F.2d 1026 (1989)
  30. ^ "Macmillan Agrees to Sell Michie to Mead". Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  31. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (October 6, 1994). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Reed-Elsevier Building Big Presence in the U.S." The New York Times.
  32. ^ a b c d "Court rules on two tax cases". SCOTUSblog. 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2021-07-26.
  33. ^ MeadWestvaco Corp. v. Illinois Dep't. of Revenue, 553 U.S. 16 (2008).
  34. ^ a b "Execution: Attorney general asks for lifting of stays". Newspapers.com. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  35. ^ "Justice Department and Seven State Attorneys General Approve Sale of Thomson Corp. Legal Publishing Products to Reed-Elsevier Inc". www.justice.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  36. ^ "Sale saves legal-publishing jobs". Newspapers.com. 15 March 1997. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  37. ^ Barringer, Felicity (1998-04-28). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Times Mirror Sells Legal Unit To British-Dutch Publisher". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2014-08-23.
  38. ^ Mersky, Roy M.; Dunn, Donald J. (2002). Fundamentals of Legal Research (8th ed.). New York: Foundation Press. pp. 312–340. ISBN 9781587780646.
  39. ^ a b "Lexis-Nexis changes leadership". Newspapers.com. 15 March 2000. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  40. ^ "The Syndicate takes over the Web". Newspapers.com. 24 November 2000. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  41. ^ "LexisNexis reaches out to the little guy". Newspapers.com. 6 February 2005. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  42. ^ "LexisNexis says potential theft affected 310,000 people". Newspapers.com. 13 April 2005. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  43. ^ "Indiana, Michigan residents are on list". Newspapers.com. 14 April 2005. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  44. ^ a b c "Data breach hits LexisNexis". Newspapers.com. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  45. ^ "Raleigh builds assets to lure jobs". Newspapers.com. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 2021-08-05.
  46. ^ Patrice, Joe. "After 40+ Years, The LexisNexis Mainframe Is No More". Above the Law. Retrieved 2020-02-25.
  47. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; NEXIS AGREES TO PURCHASE OF RISKWISE INTERNATIONAL". The New York Times. June 3, 2000.
  48. ^ "LexisNexis to Acquire Courtlink". AP. 31 October 2001.
  49. ^ "LexisNexis to acquire Quicklaw". Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  50. ^ "Anderson Publishing - LexisNexis Company Information". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  51. ^ "LexisNexis absorbs Cincinnati firm". www.bizjournals.com. 9 October 2002. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  52. ^ "LexisNexis acquires Data.TXT". Newspapers.com. 17 March 2004. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  53. ^ a b "Reed Elsevier to acquire ChoicePoint for $3.6 billion". The New York Times. 2008-02-21. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  54. ^ "Reed Elsevier to buy US insurance data firm ChoicePoint for $4.1bn". Finextra Research. 2008-02-21. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  55. ^ a b "LexisNexis Buys Sheshunoff and A.S. Pratt". PublishersWeekly.com. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  56. ^ a b "LexisNexis buys Sheshunoff, A.S. Pratt from Thompson Media Group". Ad Age. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
  57. ^ Adam Rubenfire (13 November 2014). "LexisNexis to acquire Health Market Science". Modern Healthcare. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  58. ^ "LexisNexis acquires data group". Newspapers.com. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  59. ^ Jennifer Peltz (June 4, 1999). "Surf your way into college". CNN.
  60. ^ "LexisNexis Litigation Services Enhanced with Briefs, Motions, Pleadings" (Press release). Business Network. February 28, 2006. Archived from the original on November 19, 2011.
  61. ^ LexisNexis® Legal Newsroom. Lexisnexis.com (2013-08-05). Retrieved on 2013-08-27.
  62. ^ "Lexis® for Microsoft Office® – Better Legal Drafting". LexisNexis.com. 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  63. ^ a b "LexisNexis UK – Butterworths – Tolley Innovative Business, Legal Solutions". Lexisnexis.co.uk. 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  64. ^ "FOB: Firms Out of Business". Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  65. ^ Medlik, S. (2016-06-06). "Publisher's note". Managing Tourism. Elsevier. ISBN 978-1-4831-0372-3.
  66. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2014-11-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  67. ^ "InterAction® LexisNexis®". interaction.com. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  68. ^ "Welcome to LexisNexis® BIS User Resources". Lexisnexis.com. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  69. ^ "Welcome to LexisNexis® BIS User Resources | LexisNexis® Prospect Portfolio". Lexisnexis.com. 2009-11-19. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  70. ^ "News & Company Research Solutions". Lexisnexis.com. 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2017-01-02.
  71. ^ The Intercept (November 14, 2019). "Lawyers and Scholars to LexisNexis, Thomson Reuters: Stop Helping ICE Deport People".
  72. ^ Holton, Kate (August 27, 2017). Heavens, Louise (ed.). "LexisNexis withdrew two products from Chinese market". Reuters. Retrieved August 29, 2017. “Earlier this year LexisNexis Business Insight Solutions in China was asked to remove some content from its database,” LexisNexis said in a statement. “In March 2017, the company withdrew two products (Nexis and LexisNexis Academic) from the Chinese market.”
  73. ^ For 2010 LGBT support recognition, see "Corporate Equality Index: A Report Card on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Equality in Corporate America-2010; Appendix A. Corporate Equality Index Ratings and Breakdown" (PDF). hrc.org. 2010. p. 30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-04-05.
  74. ^ "Training Top 125 2008: Rankings 26-35" (PDF). managesmarter.com. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 25, 2011.
  75. ^ "Best Political Information Resource;". siia.net. 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-07-28.
  76. ^ "STEVIE sales and customer service;". stevieawards.com. 2013.
  77. ^ "Best Business Information Solution;". siia.net. 2014. Archived from the original on 2013-12-28.
  78. ^ "Spend Matters Almanac 50 To Watch 2014;". spendmatters.com. 2014.

Further readingEdit

  • Graham, Gordon (2006-07-31). From Trust to Takeover: Butterworths 1938–1967: A Publishing House in Transition. London: Wildy, Simmonds and Hill Publishing. ISBN 978-1-898029-81-6.

External linksEdit