Lex Acilia de Intercalando
The Lex Acilia de Intercalando (Latin for "The Acilian Law on Intercalation") was a Roman law introduced by the consul M. Acilius Glabrio and enacted in 191 BC. Its content is unclear, but it dealt with intercalation in the Roman calendar.
The state of the Roman calendar during this period is uncertain. Roman legend traced the Republican calendar of 355 days to Numa, the city's second king, and also credited him with the establishment of some kind of intercalation to keep it aligned with the solar year. Some authors even credited him with use of the 19-year Metonic cycle. There is evidence, however, that the Romans long continued their early and unattested lunar calendar even after the establishment of the republic. Varro cites instances of intercalation at least as early as the 5th century BC. Alternatively, intercalation is sometimes said to have begun with the decemviri, who may have adopted either Etruscan or Greek practices. Fulvius claims the Acilian Law was the first to authorize any intercalation.
- L. Franchini, 'Osservazioni in merito alla lex Acilia de intercalando', in 'Annali LUMSA, 2002, 323-340.
- Michels, Agnes Kirsopp Lake, "The Calendar of Numa and the Pre-Julian Calendar", Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. 80, pp. 320–346.
- Cicero (2004), Epistulae Ad Familiares, Vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 416 ff, ISBN 978-0-521-60697-4.