Lewis of Luxembourg

Louis of Luxembourg; (died 1443). Bishop of Therouanne 1415-1436, Archbishop of Rouen, 1436, Bishop of Ely 1437, Cardinal.[1]

Lewis of Luxembourg
Archbishop of Rouen
ArchdioceseRouen
In office1436–1443
Other postsCardinal Bishop of Frascati and Bishop of Ely
Orders
Consecrationby Renaud de Chartres, archbishop of Reims
Created cardinal18 December 1439
by Pope Eugenius IV
RankCardinal priest
Personal details
Died18 September 1443
BuriedEly Cathedral
ParentsJohn of Luxembourg, Lord of Beauvoir and Marguerite of Enghien

The youngest son of John Count of Luxembourg, Lord of Beauvoir, (d. 1397) and Marguerite, Countess of Brienne daughter of Louis of Enghien. The Counts of Luxembourg were clients of the Dukes of Burgundy and Louis became a member of Duke Philip the Good's council in 1419.[2]

In 1425 during the Anglo-Burgundian alliance against France (1419-1435) John, Duke of Bedford, Regent of France appointed Louis to the Grand Conseil governing from Paris. King Charles VII of France recovered Paris in 1436 and Louis was forced to flee to Rouen in English Normandy. He became Chancellor of the Lancastrian council there and was elected Archbishop of Rouen in 1436.[3] He was the leading native administrator/collaborator with the Lancastrian regime in France. His niece Jacquetta was the wife of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, who acted as regent for his nephew Henry VI.

Louis visited England in 1437 and became a naturalized citizen.[4] Henry VI granted him the bishopric of Ely in 1437/38.[5] This was the fifth wealthiest see in England, yet also amongst the smallest in terms of size or burden. Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, Henry VI's lieutenant in France died at his post in Rouen in 1439. Louis continued as Chancellor, conducting the government of Normandy and the war against King Charles VII from Rouen.[6]

Pope Eugenius IV made Louis a cardinal at the request of the English in 1439.[7]

Richard, Duke of York became the king's lieutenant in France in 1441 and in September 1422 Louis, as the English Chancellor in France, was named with York to a commission to attempt to negotiate a treaty with France. He was empowered to select a suitable place for a meeting.[8]

Louis died on 18 September 1443.[9]

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Luxembourg, Louis de". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 27 September 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ C. Allmand, Henry V, p. 140'
  3. ^ B. J. H. Rowe, The Grand Conseil under the Duke of Bedford, 1422-25 in Oxford Essays in Medieval Studies, pp. 210, 229, 232
  4. ^ Proceedings and Ordinances of the Privy Council V, ed. Nicholas, p. 28
  5. ^ Fryde,Handbook of British Chronology, p. 224
  6. ^ A.J. Pollard, John Talbot and the War in France, 1427-1453,'Italic textpp.29 and 40
  7. ^ G.L. Harriss, Cardinal Beaufort, p. 272.
  8. ^ Rymer, Foedera XI, pp. 13-14. J. Fergusson, English Diplomacy 1422-1461 p. 181
  9. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 244

ReferencesEdit

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.

External linksEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Matthieu or Renaud de Bapaume
Bishop of Thérouanne
1415–1436
Succeeded by
Jean V "the Young"
Preceded by
Hugh V des Orges
Archbishop of Rouen
1436–1443
Succeeded by
Raoul Roussel
Preceded by
Philip Morgan
Bishop of Ely
1437–1443
Succeeded by
Thomas Bourchier
Vacant
Title last held by
Francesco Uguccione
Cardinal Priest of Quattro Santi Coronati
1440–1442
Vacant
Title next held by
Alfons de Borja
Preceded by
Hugues Lancelot de Lusignan
Cardinal Bishop of Frascati
1442–1443
Succeeded by
Julian Cesarini