Sir Lewis Macclesfield Heath
|Born||23 November 1885|
|Died||10 January 1954 (aged 68)|
|Service/||British Indian Army|
|Years of service||1905–1946|
|Commands held||III Indian Corps (1941–42)|
5th Indian Division (1940–41)
Deccan District (1939–40)
Wana Brigade (1936–39)
1st Battalion, 11th Sikh Regiment (1929–33)
Seistan Levy Corps (1919–21)
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Third Anglo-Afghan War
Second World War
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire|
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches (3)
Early life and familyEdit
Heath was born in 1885, the son of Col. Lewis Forbes Heath of the British Indian Army, and was educated at Wellington College and Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He joined the British Indian Army in 1905.
Heath joined the Indian Army 1905 and served with the King's African Rifles from 1909 to 1913. He saw action in the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. He served in East Persia from 1919 to 1921 and transferred to the 10/14 Punjab Regiment in 1928. He became commanding officer of the 1st Battalion, 11th Sikh Regiment in 1929 and was deployed to the North West Frontier in India in 1930 and 1932. He became an instructor at the Senior Officers School, Belgaum, India in 1934 and Commander, Wana Brigade in 1936, in which capacity he was deployed to the North West Frontier in 1937. He went on to be Commander, Deccan District in 1939.
Nicknamed "Piggy", Heath achieved some success as General Officer Commanding 5th Indian Division during the East African Campaign. He was appointed to command III Indian Corps on 11 April 1941 as part of the Malaya Command, which then participated in the Battle of Malaya. He was unable to stop the Japanese advance and had conflicting opinions on how to conduct the campaign with his commanding officer, Lieutenant General Arthur Percival. He was captured during the Battle of Singapore, and held in prison in Singapore, Formosa, and Manchukuo (Manchuria) between 1942 and 1945. He retired in 1946.
- "L.t.-Gen. Sir Lewis Heath". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 12 January 1954. p. 8.