Lewes railway station

Lewes railway station serves the town of Lewes in East Sussex, England. It has five platforms and is on the East Coastway Line, 49 miles 74 chains (80.3 km) from London Bridge via Redhill. Train services are provided by Southern.

Lewes National Rail
Lewes Station - geograph.org.uk - 255600.jpg
Location
PlaceLewes
Local authorityLewes
Grid referenceTQ416098
Operations
Station codeLWS
Managed bySouthern
Number of platforms5
DfT categoryC2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2014/15Decrease 2.664 million
– Interchange Decrease 0.640 million
2015/16Decrease 2.614 million
– Interchange Decrease 0.533 million
2016/17Decrease 2.242 million
– Interchange Decrease 0.415 million
2017/18Increase 2.478 million
– Interchange Increase 0.458 million
2018/19Increase 2.580 million
– Interchange Increase 0.505 million
History
1846Opened
1857Resited
1889Rebuilt
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Lewes from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

The station has a café and there is a taxi office on the main forecourt. There is a small taxi rank outside.

HistoryEdit

 
RCTS Sussex Rail Tour in 1962

The first station in Friars Walk opened in 8 June 1846 was originally built as a terminus on the Brighton line. However, this station became inconvenient after an extension to Hastings opened on 27 June 1846. The new railway met the Brighton line at a junction just west of Lewes Station (i.e. towards Brighton), requiring trains serving Lewes to reverse. The director of the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway called the station "the most incomplete and injudicious station ever erected".[1]

On 2 October 1847, the Keymer Junction to Lewes line opened. New platforms (called Pinwell) were built opposite the terminus, west of the Hasting line branch. On 1 November 1857, a new station was built at the divergence of the Keymer Junction line. The old station closed; the original booking hall with grand classical columns outside survived until the 1960s before it was demolished.[2] The new building was built in the style of a Swiss chalet.[3] A new junction for the realigned Wealden Line opened on 1 October 1868. The new alignment went through part of the station goods yard of the original terminus.[1] Before this change, the Wealden line joined the Keymer line at Hamsey Junction between the north portal of Lewes Tunnel and Cooksbridge Station.[4]

The second station was rebuilt in order to increase platform capacity and reduce the narrow curvature of the track. It opened on 17 June 1889.[5] On 1 October 1889 all passenger services were diverted from the original loop line between Lewes and Southerham Junction onto this alignment. The original route was retained for goods only.

On 5 November 1960, severe flooding of the track caused the suspension of all electric services, and replaced by whatever steam locomotives were available. The Borough Surveyor requested that the London-bound platforms at Lewes station should be blown up to allow flood water to escape via the railway track-bed. However, the British Railways district engineer declined to co-operate.[6] The line to Wivelsfield remained inoperable for some time.[7]

In the 1960s, the original 1846 terminus building fronting the public street (Friars Walk), was demolished.[8][9][10] The line to Uckfield closed on 23 February 1969, in order that a relief road in Lewes could be built over the redundant trackbed.[11]

Current layoutEdit

 
Forecourt at Lewes Station

The station platforms are arranged in a "V" shape, with a large courtyard in between, which is bound by the tracks (platforms 2 & 3) on two sides and the station building on the third side. The two-floor building, with the entrance from the top floor, is accompanied with a gallery, which extends to the other platforms (1, 4 & 5) as the passenger bridge.

Northern platforms
Platform 1 is an eastbound platform for trains towards Eastbourne, Seaford and Hastings, from London
Platform 2 is a westbound platform for trains towards London Victoria via Haywards Heath
Southern platforms
Platform 3 is an eastbound platform for trains towards Eastbourne, Seaford and Ashford, from Brighton
Platform 4 is a westbound platform for trains to Brighton from Eastbourne and Ashford
Platform 5 is a bi-directional through platform for terminating trains towards Brighton and Seaford

ServicesEdit

The typical off-peak service is:

(tph = trains per hour)

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Falmer   Southern
East Coastway Line
(Seaford Branch Line)
  Southease or
Newhaven Town
Wivelsfield
or Plumpton or
Cooksbridge
  Southern
East Coastway Line
(Victoria-Eastbourne or Ore)
  Polegate
Falmer   Southern
East Coastway Stopping
  Glynde
Brighton   Southern
East Coastway Fast
  Polegate
(Glynde on Sundays)
Disused railways
Barcombe
Line and station closed
  London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
Lewes and East Grinstead Railway
  Terminus
Barcombe Mills
Line and station closed
  London, Brighton and South Coast Railway
Wealden Line
  Terminus

ReferencesEdit

Citations

  1. ^ a b Mitchell & Smith 1985, pp. 49-50, Lewes.
  2. ^ Mitchell & Smith 1985, Lewes.
  3. ^ Marx 1982, p. 22.
  4. ^ Mitchell & Smith 1985, p. 49, Lewes.
  5. ^ Mitchell & Smith 1985, p. 50, Lewes.
  6. ^ Mitchell & Smith 1985, Lewes, Fig. 65.
  7. ^ Glover 2001, pp. 142-143.
  8. ^ plate 48, Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press, 1985, ISBN 0-906520-16-9
  9. ^ maps opposite plate 50, Brighton to Eastbourne by Vic Mitchell & Keith Smith, Middleton Press, 1985, ISBN 0-906520-16-9
  10. ^ London, Brighton & South Coast Railway Album, Klaus Marx, Ian Allan, 1982, ISBN 0-7110-1187-7
  11. ^ "Uckfield to Lewes rail line: 50 years of hurt". Uckfield News. 23 February 2019. Retrieved 2 February 2020.

Sources

  • Glover, John (2001). Southern Electric. Hersham: Ian Allan. pp. 142–43. ISBN 0 7110 2807 9.
  • Marx, Klaus (1982). London, Brighton & South Coast Railway Album. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1187-7.
  • Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1985). Brighton to Eastbourne. Middleton Press. ISBN 0-906520-16-9.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 50°52′15″N 0°0′42″E / 50.87083°N 0.01167°E / 50.87083; 0.01167