Leviticus 19 is the nineteenth chapter of the Book of Leviticus in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. It contains laws on a variety of topics, and is attributed by legend to Moses.[1]

Leviticus 19
Book of Exodus Chapter 28-2 (Bible Illustrations by Sweet Media).jpg
"Tabernacle", Biblical illustrations, Sweet Media, 1984.
BookBook of Leviticus
Hebrew Bible partTorah
Order in the Hebrew part3
CategoryTorah
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part3

TextEdit

The original text of Leviticus 19, like the rest of Leviticus, was written in Hebrew. Some of the more ancient Hebrew sources for this chapter, are the Masoretic Text, Dead Sea Scrolls, and Samaritan Pentateuch. There is also a Greek translation known as the Septuagint, from the 3rd century BC. Since the introduction of chapter divisions in the late medieval period, this chapter is divided into 37 verses.

SynopsisEdit

The chapter begins with God giving Moses a message for the Israelites about the need to be holy, to respect parents, and to avoid idolatry (verses 1-4). Next are instructions for peace offerings (5-8), food aid for poor people and foreigners (9-10), and various instructions relating to ethical treatment of others (11-18) and agricultural practices (19). The chapter penalises adulterous relations between a free man and a married female slave (20-22), and restricts the use of fruit from young trees (23-25). The chapter closes with a variety of other regulations on several subjects (26-36) and a general instruction to obey all of God's commands (37).

The laws of Leviticus 19 are put in no obvious order, and as a result scholars tend to think that the chapter includes a collection of regulations from various sources.[1]

The practice of leaving a portion of crops in the field for poor people or foreigners to use, mentioned in verses 9 and 10, reappears in the second chapter of the book of Ruth.

JudaismEdit

In Judaism, the whole chapter is part of the weekly Torah portion (parashah) Kedoshim (קְדֹשִׁים) which comprises Leviticus 19:1-20:27.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b See page 239 in Carmichael, Calum M. “Laws of Leviticus 19.” The Harvard Theological Review, vol. 87, no. 3, 1994, pp. 239–256.
  2. ^ Parashah calendar

BibliographyEdit

Translations of LeviticusEdit

Commentaries on LeviticusEdit

  • Balentine, Samuel E (2002). Leviticus. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664237356.
  • Gerstenberger, Erhard S (1996). Leviticus: A Commentary. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 9780664226732.
  • Gorman, Frank H (1997). Divine presence and community: a commentary on the Book of Leviticus. Eerdmans. ISBN 9780802801104.
  • Grabbe, Lester (1998). "Leviticus". In John Barton (ed.). Oxford Bible Commentary. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198755005.
  • Hartley, John E. (1992). Leviticus. Word. ISBN 0849902037.
  • Houston, Walter J (2003). "Leviticus". In James D. G. Dunn, John William Rogerson (ed.). Eerdmans Bible Commentary. Eerdmans. ISBN 9780802837110.
  • Kleinig, John W (2004). Leviticus. Concordia Publishing House. ISBN 9780570063179.
  • Levine, Baruch A. (1989). JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus. Jewish Publication Society.
  • Milgrom, Jacob (1998–2001). Leviticus 1-16, Leviticus 17-22, Leviticus 23-27. New Haven: Yale.
  • Milgrom, Jacob (2004). Leviticus: A Book of Ritual and Ethics. Minneapolis: Fortress. ISBN 9781451410150.
  • Watts, James W. (2013). Leviticus 1-10. Leuven: Peeters. ISBN 9042929847.
  • Wenham, Gordon (1979). The book of Leviticus. Eerdmans. ISBN 9780802825223.

GeneralEdit