Leverhulme Medal (Royal Society)

The premises of The Royal Society, who award the medal

The Leverhulme Medal is awarded by the Royal Society every three years "for an outstandingly significant contribution in the field of pure or applied chemistry or engineering, including chemical engineering".[1] It was created in 1960 after a donation by the Leverhulme Trust to mark the 300-year anniversary of the foundation of the Royal Society, and is accompanied by a £2000 gift. Since its creation it has been awarded 21 times, and unlike other Royal Society medals such as the Royal Medal, it has never been awarded to the same person multiple times. Citizens of the United Kingdom have won the medal 19 out of the 21 times; the two foreign recipients have been Man Mohan Sharma, an Indian citizen who was awarded the medal in 1996 "for his work on the dynamics of multi-phase chemical reactions in industrial processes", and Frank Caruso, Australian chemical engineer, awarded the medal in 2019. Two of the Leverhulme Medal winners also won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Archer John Porter Martin, who won the medal in 1963 for "his distinguished and fundamental discoveries in chromatography and its application" and the Nobel Prize in 1952,[2] and Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, who won the medal in 1960 for "his outstanding contributions to physical chemistry" and the Nobel Prize in 1956.[2] Anne Neville became the first woman to receive the award in 2016.[3]

List of recipientsEdit

Year Name Rationale Notes
1960 Cyril Norman Hinshelwood "for his outstanding contributions to physical chemistry" [4]
1963 Archer John Porter Martin "for his distinguished and fundamental discoveries in chromatography and its application" [5]
1966 Alec Issigonis "for his distinguished contributions to the design of motor cars, particularly the Morris Minor and Austin and Morris Mini" [6]
1969 Hans Kronberger "for his many distinguished contributions to nuclear reactor research and development and for outstanding leadership in all branches of his field"
1972 John Adams "for his many distinguished work in development of particle accelerators, and plasma physics"
1975 Frank Rose "for his distinguished contributions to the application of chemical science to industry"
1978 Frederick Warner "for his outstanding work as consulting engineer both nationally and internationally in many branches of chemical engineering, particularly control of pollution" [7]
1981 Stanley Hooker "for his work on superchargers of the Merlin engines, the development of the first Rolls Royce jet engines, then Bristol engines including that for the jump jet and, later, the final development of the Rolls Royce RB211 engine"
1984 John Frank Davidson "for his distinguished contributions to chemical engineering, in particular the use of fluidised beds."
1987 George William Gray "for his many contributions to the technologically important field of liquid crystals" [8]
1990 Ray Freeman "for introducing new techniques in high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, particularly the development of two-dimensional Fourier transform methods" [9]
1993 John Rowlinson "distinguished for his contributions to thermodynamics, in particular to an understanding of the physical chemistry of gas-liquid interfaces and surfaces" [10]
1996 Man Mohan Sharma "for his work on the dynamics of multi-phase chemical reactions in industrial processes" [11]
1999 Jack Baldwin "in recognition of his distinguished contributions to the field of organic chemistry including his work on natural products synthesis and biosynthesis, particularly for his research in the b-lactam antibiotic field, initially contributing to biosynthetic problems which paved the way to the study of the enzymology of the process and eventually culminating in the determination of the crystal structure of isopenicillin N synthase" [12]
2002 Nicholas Handy "for his pioneering contributions to the development of the modern methodology of quantum chemistry, which has had an enormous impact on chemistry and molecular biology" [13]
2005 John Knott "for his distinguished contributions to the quantitative scientific understanding of fracture processes in metals and alloys and its engineering applications" [1]
2008 Anthony Cheetham "for the discovery and characterisation of novel materials exhibiting potential for catalysis and storage" [14]
2010 Martyn Poliakoff "for his outstanding contributions in the fields of Green Chemistry and supercritical fluids by the application of chemistry to advance chemical engineering processes" [3]
2013 Konstantin Novoselov "for revolutionary work on graphene, other two‐dimensional crystals and their heterostructures that has great potential for a number of applications, from electronics to energy." [3]
2016 Anne Neville "for revealing diverse physical and chemical processes at interacting interfaces, emphasising significant synergy between tribology and corrosion and in addition for exceptional research which has enhanced understanding of basic processes and addressed major industrial problems." [3]
2019 Frank Caruso "for driving the application of engineered particles in biology and medicine through nanoscale materials engineering" [3]

ReferencesEdit

General

  • "Leverhulme previous winners 2005-1960". Royal Society. Retrieved 2009-01-27.

Specific

  1. ^ a b "The Leverhulme Medal (1960)". The Royal Society. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  2. ^ a b "All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry". The Nobel Prize Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-28.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Leverhulme Medal". The Royal Society. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Sir Cyril Hinshelwood - Biography". Nobel Prize Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  5. ^ "Archer J.P. Martin - Biography". Nobel Prize Foundation. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  6. ^ The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  7. ^ "Papers and correspondence of Sir Frederick Warner". Mimas. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  8. ^ "The Scientist: Royal Society Medals and Awards". The Scientist. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  9. ^ "Annual Report: Awards, Prizes and Appointments". Cambridge University. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  10. ^ Sleeman, Elizabeth. The International Who's Who 2004. Routledge. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  11. ^ "Prof. Man Mohan Sharma". University of Auckland. Archived from the original on January 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  12. ^ "Oxford University Gazette, Thursday 11 November 1999". Oxford University. 11 November 1999. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  13. ^ "International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science - Members - Nicholas C. Hardy". International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science. Archived from the original on August 20, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  14. ^ "Functional Inorganics and Hybrid Materials: Anthony K. Cheetham resume". University of Cambridge. Archived from the original on 2010-07-01. Retrieved 2009-01-27.