Leventikos (Greek: Λεβέντικος, Levéntikos; Macedonian: Пуштено, Pušteno), also known as Litós (Λιτός), Kucano, Nešo, and Bufskoto Oro, is a dance of western Macedonia, mainly performed by ethnic Macedonians and Greeks in the town of Florina, Greece and in the Resen and Bitola regions in the neighbouring Republic of Macedonia.
|Music of Greece|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||"Hymn to Liberty"|
|Related areas||Cyprus, Pontus, Constantinople, South Italy|
Reflecting the dance steps: slow-quick-quick-slow-quick, the meter comprises five beats of varying length but these lengths come in different variations:
- One is 12
8, counting the beats as 3+2+2+3+2, with the metric 3's divided into quadruplets, but at higher speed, the metric accents may sound more like 3+4+3+2.
- Another one is 16
8, counting the beats as 4+2+3+4+3, where metric 4's have sub-beats 2+2.
The third (second 2) beat may be lengthened relative to its written value in both variations but less so at higher speeds. The last (third 2) beat may be shortened, a common Balkan treatment of meters.
8 meter appears in traditional Northern and Southern Albanian ballads, in dance tunes such as Berace, and in Macedonian dances such as Beranče, Bajrače and Bufčansko (Macedonian: Буфчанско; also called Bufskoto or Bufsko). The 16
8 meter has appeared more recently in various tunes for the Leventikos dance in the Florina region of Greece, and in Macedonian dances like Pušteno, in renditions of the same songs that were traditionally rendered in 11
8 or 12
8. For example, for the tune Ibraim Odza there are different performances in both 12
8 and 16
The Levendikos dance performed in Petroussa is very different from the one in Florina.
- Cultural Change in Traditional Dances in Florina, Greece
- Play or download the music of Zensko Berance
- Play or download the music for Levendikos and Pusteno
- Dance description (in Greek) of the Poustseno
- Radio Banitsa frequently plays variations of the Poustseno and the 3+2+2+3+2 rhythm[permanent dead link]