Northwest Arabian Arabic
Northwest Arabian Arabic is a variety of Arabic spoken by Bedouins of the Sinai Peninsula, the Eastern Desert, the Negev, southern Jordan, and the northwestern corner of Saudi Arabia. In the eastern desert of Egypt, the dialect of the Maʿāzah borders the dialect of the ʿAbābdah, who speak a dialect more closely related to Sudanese Arabic.
|Northwest Arabian Arabic|
A Bedawi-speaking Bedouin person, 1913
|Native to||Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia & Syria|
|2.24 million (2015-2016)|
The Northwest Arabian Arabic dialects share a number of features distinguishing them from the North Arabian Bedouin dialects:
- Absence of tanwīn and its residues.
- Absence of affricated variants of /g/ (< */q/) and /k/.
- Absence of final /n/ in the imperfect, 2nd person feminine singular, 2nd person masculine plural, and 3rd person masculine plural.
- The pronominal suffix of the 2nd person masculine plural is -ku (-kuw).
- The use of the locative preposition fi (fiy).
- "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Palva, Heikki. ""Northwest Arabian Arabic." Encyclopedia of Arabic language and linguistics. Vol. III. Leiden – Boston: Brill 2008, pp. 400-408". Cite journal requires
- Jong, Rudolf Erik De (2011-04-11). A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of Central and Southern Sinai. BRILL. ISBN 9004201017.
- "Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- "Egypt and Libya". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- Gordon, Raymond G.. Jr., ed. (2005), "Bedawi Arabic", Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.), Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics
- Haim Blanc. 1970. "The Arabic Dialect of the Negev Bedouins," Proceedings of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 4/7:112-150.
- Rudolf E. de Jong. 2000. A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of the Northern Sinai Littoral: Bridging the Linguistic Gap between the Eastern and Western Arab World. Leiden: Brill.
- Judith Rosenhouse. 1984. The Bedouin Arabic Dialects: General Problems and Close Analysis of North Israel Bedouin Dialects. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
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