Leucophaeus is a small genus of medium-sized New World gulls, most of which are dark in plumage, usually with white crescents above and below the eyes. They were placed in the genus Larus until recently.[1] The genus name Leucophaeus is from Ancient Greek leukos, "white", and phaios, "dusky".[2]

Franklin's Gull Brisbane98.jpg
Franklin's gull
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Laridae
Genus: Leucophaeus
Bruch, 1853

5, see list


Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
  Leucophaeus scoresbii Dolphin gull coasts of Chile, Argentina and the Falkland Islands
  Leucophaeus modestus Grey gull Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile,
  Leucophaeus fuliginosus Lava gull Galapagos Islands.
  Leucophaeus atricilla Laughing gull the Atlantic coast of North America, the Caribbean, and northern South America
  Leucophaeus pipixcan Franklin's gull Argentina, the Caribbean, Chile, and Peru. Canada


  1. ^ Pons J.M.; Hassanin, A.; Crochet P.A. (2005). "Phylogenetic relationships within the Laridae (Charadriiformes: Aves) inferred from mitochondrial markers" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. 37 (3): 686–699. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.05.011. PMID 16054399.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.