Lethe europa

Lethe europa, the bamboo treebrown,[2][3] is a species of Satyrinae butterfly found in Asia.[2][3]

Bamboo treebrown
Lethe europa pavida male 20130907.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Lethe
L. europa
Binomial name
Lethe europa
(Fabricius, 1787)[1]


Male on the left and female on the right

Inner third of hindwing covered with long brown hairs.

Male upperside rich dark brown. Forewing with the oblique short white discal fascia on the underside showing through, two obscure black spots or ocelli, followed by two prominent white spots, the upper one double, some black markings margined outwardly with pale dusky brown along terminal margins of both forewing and hindwing and an obscure subterminal pale line on the latter.[4]

Underside very dark blackish brown; the wings crossed subbasally by a slender lilacine-white straight line, followed on forewing by an oblique short white discal fascia, and on both forewing and hindwing by a postdiscal series of large black ocelli and a terminal, somewhat ochraceous, narrow band bordered on the inner side by a more or less silvery purple line. The series on both forewing and hindwing margined inwardly and outwardly by silvery purple lunular lines, on the forewing curved inwards, on the hindwing curved outwards; the ocelli on forewing confluent, black, non-pupilled, on the hindwing black with disintegrate silvery-speckled irregular centres on a brown ground.[4]

Female similar: forewing on upperside with an oblique broad white discal band, hindwing with a postdiscal incomplete series of black spots. Underside similar to the underside in the male, markings and ocelli larger.[4][5]

Lethe europa tamuna de Nicéville is a race described originally from Little Nicobar. Michael Lloyd Ferrar (1948) reported seeing it from the Great Nicobar island in 1931. It has been rediscovered in recent times in the Campbell Bay area of Great Nicobar. Both adults and larvae were found along roadsides in disturbed forests. They were seen to breed on the bamboo Dinochloa andamanica Kurz. Eggs were laid on leaves deep inside the clump and never on the fringes.[6][7]

Life historyEdit

Larva, green, paler beneath, fusiform; head with a single short erect horn; body attenuated suddenly from the 11th segment.[4]

Pupa. Uniform pale green, stout, smooth, quite regular, except the head-case which is semidetached, broad and angular, with two sharp points in front (after Davidson & Aitken).[4]



  1. ^ Fabricius. (Papilio) Syst. Ent. 1775, p. 500:
  2. ^ a b Varshney, R.K.; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. p. 165. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN 978-81-929826-4-9.
  3. ^ a b Savela, Markku. "Lethe europa (Fabricius, 1775)". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Bingham, Charles Thomas (1905). Fauna of British India. Butterflies Vol. 1. pp. 77–78.
  5. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Moore, Frederic (1890–1892). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. I. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 254–256.
  6. ^ Ferrar, M. L. 1948. "The butterflies of the Andamans and Nicobars". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 47:470-491
  7. ^ Veenakumari, K. and Prashanth Mohanraj 1997. "Rediscovery of Lethe europa tamuna with notes on other threatened butterflies from the Andamans and Nicobar Islands". Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 51(3):273-275 PDF

External linksEdit

  • FLMNH Excellent photographs of male and female, from Sulawesi (authority determined)