Lesmahagow (// listen (help·info); Scots: Lismahagie or Lesmahagae, Scottish Gaelic: Lios MoChuda) is a small town on the edge of moorland, near Lanark in the central belt of Scotland. Lesmahagow was also a Civil Parish.
|OS grid reference|
|• Edinburgh||35.8 miles (57.6 km)|
|• London||324 miles (521 km)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
It is also known as Abbey Green or the Gow.
The name means "Enclosure (meaning a walled area, like a monastery or fort) of St Machutus". The saint was born in Wales and may originally have been known as "Mahagw" prior to emigrating to Brittany where he became known by the Latinised form of the name and also as "St Malo". It is also possible that the first syllable may mean "garden" rather than "monastery", although Mac an Tailleir (2003) believes the former was altered from the latter in Gaelic.
The town has two Church of Scotland congregations, namely Lesmahagow Old Parish Church and Abbeygreen Church. There is also an Evangelical Hall on the main street and the Roman Catholic residents are served by Our Lady and St John's in the neighbouring village of Blackwood, 3 miles (5 km) away.
The Scottish branch of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness operates from Lesmahagow.
Clydesdale International Twinning Association (CITA) was set up in 1975 to promote the benefits of twinning to all sections of the local community. Lesmahagow falls under the Clydesdale community and consequently became linked to Hemmingen in Lower Saxony, Germany, and Yvetot, in Normandy, France.
The Highland Games are held annually with Pipe Bands competing in Grades 1 through 4. There are also events for Highland dancing, weight over the bar, tossing the caber and archery.
Lesmahagow Development Trust (LDT) was formed on 28 August 2009.It is an independent, not-for-profit company registered as a charity in Scotland and the UK, The overriding objective of LDT is funding and implementing projects to enhance the facilities and environment of the village of Lesmahagow.
- Rev Dr Thomas Martin Lindsay DD FRSE (1843-1914) theologian
- Alexander Muir, composer of Canadian patriotic song "The Maple Leaf Forever", was born in Lesmahagow in 1830 before emigrating to Canada as a child.
- Jim Holton (1951-1993), Scottish football centre-half, was born there. He died, aged 42, after suffering a heart attack at the wheel of his car.
- Alexander Cairncross Sir Alexander Kirkland "Alec" Cairncross KCMG FBA FRSE, born in Lesmahagow in 1911. Leading British economist. Professor of Applied Economics at Glasgow University, Economic Adviser to HM Government, Head of Government Economic Service, Master of St Peter's College, Oxford, Chancellor of Glasgow University.
- John Cairncross born in Lesmahagow in 1913 and brother of Alexander Cairncross. Civil servant, intelligence officer and spy in World War II. In 1951, he admitted spying for the Soviet Union. The "fifth man" in the Cambridge Five (along with Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean, Kim Philby and Anthony Blunt). His autobiography, The Enigma Spy, was published in 1997.
- Rev Thomas Burns, founder of the Thomas Burns Blind School in Edinburgh, born there.
- John Greenshields (1795-1835) a short-lived but talented Scottish sculptor responsible for works such as Sir Walter Scott in Parliament House, Edinburgh
- Billy Boyd, actor, famous for his role as the hobbit Pippin in The Lord of the Rings
- Edward Glover (1888-1972), MD & psychoanalyst, born there.
- David Finnie, (1896-1986) Chartered Accountant in Finnie & Co., London, later through mergers became BDO Stoy Hayward
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lesmahagow.|
- "Comparative Population Profile: Lesmahagow Locality, Scotland". 2001 Scottish Census. General Register Office for Scotland. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Scots Language Centre: Scottish Place Names in Scots
- The Online Scots Dictionary
- The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland. 1854. Vol.II (GORDON-ZETLAND) by Rev. John Marius Wilson. pp.324-325 https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee02wilsuoft#page/324/mode/2up
- "Chapter 1 - Derivation of Name.." Archived 7 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine lesmahagow.com. Retrieved 14 February 2008.
- Iain Mac an Tailleir. "Placenames" (PDF). Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2007.
- Alexander Muir Archived 20 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine at The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Jim Holton at Scottish Football Association website