Leslie James Banks CBE (9 June 1890 – 21 April 1952) was an English stage and screen actor, director and producer, now best remembered for playing gruff, menacing characters in black-and-white films of the 1930s and 1940s.
Banks in The Most Dangerous Game (1932)
Leslie James Banks
9 June 1890
|Died||21 April 1952 (aged 61)|
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer|
Gwendoline Haldane Unwin (m. 1915)
|Children||Daphne, Virginia, and Evangeline|
Early life and careerEdit
Leslie Banks was born in West Derby, Liverpool, Lancashire, to George and Emily (née Dalby) Banks. He attended school at Glenalmond College in Scotland, and later studied at Keble College, Oxford with the intention of becoming a parson, but decided against this.
He joined Frank Benson's company, and made his acting debut in October 1911 at the town hall in Brechin, playing Old Gobbo in The Merchant of Venice. He then toured the United States and Canada with Henry V. Esmond and Eva Moore in 1912 and 1913. Returning to London, he appeared for the first time on the West End stage at the Vaudeville Theatre on 5 May 1914, as Lord Murdon in The Dangerous Age.
During the First World War he served with the Essex Regiment. He received injuries that left his face partially scarred and paralysed. In his acting career he would use this injury to good effect, by showing the unblemished side of his face when playing comedy or romance and the scarred, paralysed side of his face when playing drama or tragedy. After the war, Banks joined the Birmingham Repertory Theatre. He returned to London in 1921, and established himself as a leading dramatic actor and West End star known for his powerful yet restrained performances.
Working in both London and New York City, he gained prominence on both sides of the Atlantic, and it was when he was in New York that Kenneth Macgowan persuaded him to go to Hollywood and make his stage debut there in The Hounds of Zaroff in 1932.
His formidable bulk and intimidating aspect served him well in his first important film role, as a diabolical Russian hunter of human prey in The Most Dangerous Game (1932). The film features Joel McCrea and Fay Wray. For the rest of his career, he divided his time between Britain and the United States and between film and theatre. His other film roles included Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934), Fire Over England (1937), Jamaica Inn (1939), Laurence Olivier's Henry V (1944), and David Lean's Madeleine (1950). Against 'type', Banks starred in The Arsenal Stadium Mystery (1939), as the eccentric Inspector Anthony Slade.
His theatre roles included Eliza Comes to Stay (his American debut in 1914), Captain Hook in Peter Pan (his New York debut in 1924), the title role in Clive of India (1934), Petruchio in The Taming of the Shrew (1937), the schoolmaster in Goodbye, Mr Chips (1938), and James Jarvis in the Kurt Weill musical Lost in the Stars (1950).
He married Gwendoline Haldane Unwin in 1915; they had three daughters, Daphne, Virginia, and Evangeline. Banks was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for his services to theatre in 1950, the year of his last appearances on stage and screen. He died in 1952, aged 61, from a stroke he suffered while walking.
- Experience (1921) (film debut)
- The Most Dangerous Game (1932) - Count Zaroff
- Strange Evidence (1933) - Francis Relf
- I Am Suzanne (1933) - Adolpe 'Baron' Herring
- The Fire Raisers (1934) - Jim Bronton
- Red Ensign (1934) - David Barr
- The Man Who Knew Too Much (1934) - Bob Lawrence
- Sanders of the River (1935) - Commissioner R.G. Sanders
- The Night of the Party (1935) - Sir John Holland
- The Tunnel (1935) - Frederick Robbins
- Debt of Honour (1936) - Maj. Jimmie Stanton
- Three Maxims (1936) - Mac
- Wings of the Morning (1937) - Lord Clontarf
- Fire Over England (1937) - the Earl of Leicester
- Farewell Again (1937) - Col. Harry Blair
- Jamaica Inn (1939) - Joss Merlyn
- The Arsenal Stadium Mystery (1939) - Inspector Anthony Slade
- Sons of the Sea (1939) - Captain Hyde
- 21 Days (1940) - Keith
- Dead Man's Shoes (1940) - Roger de Vetheuil
- Busman's Honeymoon (1940) - Inspector Kirk
- The Door with Seven Locks (1940) - Dr. Manetta
- Neutral Port (1940) - George Carter
- Cottage to Let (1941) - John Barrington
- Ships with Wings (1941) - Vice-Admiral Weatherby
- The Big Blockade (1942) - Civil Service: Taylor
- Went the Day Well? (1942) - Oliver Wilsford
- Henry V (1944) - Chorus
- Mrs. Fitzherbert (1947) - Charles Fox
- The Small Back Room (1949) - Col. A.K. Holland
- Your Witness (1950) - Col. Roger Summerfield
- Madeleine (1950) - James Smith (final film)