Lescar (French pronunciation: ​[lɛskaʁ]; Occitan: Lescar) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Lescar
Cathedral
Cathedral
Coat of arms of Lescar
Location of Lescar
Lescar is located in France
Lescar
Lescar
Lescar is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Lescar
Lescar
Coordinates: 43°20′01″N 0°26′05″W / 43.3336°N 0.4347°W / 43.3336; -0.4347Coordinates: 43°20′01″N 0°26′05″W / 43.3336°N 0.4347°W / 43.3336; -0.4347
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementPau
CantonLescar, Gave et Terres du Pont-Long
IntercommunalityCA Pau Béarn Pyrénées
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Valérie Revel
Area
1
27 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
9,735
 • Density360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64335 /64230
Elevation142–203 m (466–666 ft)
(avg. 154 m or 505 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Lescar is the site of the Roman city known variously as Benearnum, Beneharnum or Civitas Benarnensium, the location providing the name for the later region of Béarn.[2]

In 841, Benearnum was razed by the Vikings and Morlaàs became the Béarnaise capital. However, from the twelfth century a new city grew up at Lescar. Lescar Cathedral was built during this period, and was the seat of the Diocese of Lescar until 1801.[3] The remains of the last monarchs of all Navarre Queen Catherine I (†1517) and King John III (†1516) lie at the cathedral.

Today, Lescar is primarily a suburb of the nearby town of Pau. The commune of Lescar has joined together with 30 neighbouring communes to establish the Communauté d'agglomération Pau Béarn Pyrénées which provides a framework within which local tasks are carried out together.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,948—    
1800 1,710−1.84%
1806 1,611−0.99%
1821 1,781+0.67%
1831 2,093+1.63%
1836 1,938−1.53%
1841 2,096+1.58%
1846 2,014−0.79%
1851 1,940−0.75%
1856 1,877−0.66%
1861 1,776−1.10%
1866 1,827+0.57%
1872 1,807−0.18%
1876 1,855+0.66%
1881 1,791−0.70%
1886 1,794+0.03%
1891 1,645−1.72%
1896 1,630−0.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,554−0.95%
1906 1,522−0.42%
1911 1,482−0.53%
1921 1,471−0.07%
1926 1,661+2.46%
1931 1,871+2.41%
1936 1,750−1.33%
1946 1,576−1.04%
1954 1,855+2.06%
1962 2,194+2.12%
1968 2,953+5.08%
1975 4,164+5.03%
1982 5,186+3.19%
1990 5,793+1.39%
1999 8,191+3.92%
2007 9,749+2.20%
2012 9,995+0.50%
2017 9,804−0.39%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Alphabetical Catalogue of Sites and Peoples of Roman Gaul - Benearnum = Beneharnum / Civ. Benarnensium". University of South Carolina. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  3. ^ French Atlantic Coast. Michelin Apa Publications Ltd. October 2007. p. 338. ISBN 978-1-906261-17-7.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Lescar, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE