Lerik, Azerbaijan

Coordinates: 38°46′31″N 48°24′55″E / 38.77528°N 48.41528°E / 38.77528; 48.41528

Lerik (Talysh: Lik) is the capital city of Lerik Rayon in the southern area of Azerbaijan not far from the Iranian border.

Lerik

Lik
Coat of arms of Lerik
Coat of arms
Lerik is located in Azerbaijan
Lerik
Lerik
Coordinates: 38°46′31″N 48°24′55″E / 38.77528°N 48.41528°E / 38.77528; 48.41528
Country Azerbaijan
RayonLerik
Established1916
Elevation
1,096 m (3,596 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,576[1]
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (AZT)
Area code(s)+994 157
Lerik Haydar Aliyev Center

It is located in the Talysh Mountains, a northwestern subrange of the Alborz (Elburz) mountain range.

HistoryEdit

Lerik can be considered as one of the ancient settlements of Azerbaijan. There are imprints of ancient people who were living In the caves. Nowadays there are settlement imprints which belong to bronze-Neolithic ages.[2]

Lerik became a center of Zuvand Region of Azerbaijan SSR. In 1930 this region was renamed as Lerik.

According to census back in 1939 main population of Lerik were talysh people.[3]

Historical monumentsEdit

One of the sightseeing  is Buzeir cave. In 19th century Jacques de Morgan has discovered the specimen of  human imprints belonging to Neolithic era.[2] Professor Asadulla Jafarov has discovered an ancient settlement which belongs to paleolith era.[4]

PopulationEdit

Lerik city population 1939 (approximately after 10 years of rename by Azerbaijan SSR):[3]

Ethnic group Quantity Percentage
Talysh 996 68.7%
Azerbaijani 303 20.9%
Russians 107 7.4
Armenians 11 0.8%
Other 32 2.2%
Total 1 449 100%

Demographics now (according to 2009 census)[5]

Ethnic group Quantity Percentage
Azerbaijani 72228 96.92%
Talysh 2281 3.06%
Russians 11 0.01%
Other 2 0.00%

Most of the population nowadays are Azerbaijani and Talysh people which is more than 99% of entire Lerik region population. But we can see the shift in correlation between Azeri and Talysh people, where Azerbaijani ethnic group is now major group.[5]

National reservation of  ZuvandEdit

National reservation of Zuvand was created in Lerik region to maintain the flora and fauna. The area of national reservation covers 40.3 hectares of land.  National academy has settled Botanical Research center, where active observations and researches are made. These forests are habitats for wolves, bears, foxes, wild cats, boars and other animals.[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi: Lerik rayonu
  2. ^ a b Zardabli, Ismail. THE HISTORY OF AZERBAIJAN: from ancient times to the present day. ISBN 1291971319.
  3. ^ a b "Лерикский район 1939". www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  4. ^ "Azərbaycan :: Baş səhifə". www.azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  5. ^ a b Samadov (www.anarsamadov.net), Anar. "Lerik rayonu". Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  6. ^ "Azerbaijan". www.azerbaijan.az. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  7. ^ "Лерикский район 1939". www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru. Retrieved 2019-05-05.

External linksEdit