Leptotila is a genus of birds in the dove and pigeon family Columbidae. These are ground-foraging doves that live in the Americas.

Caribbean dove
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Leptotila
Swainson, 1837
Type species
Columba jamaicensis
Linnaeus, 1766

see text

The genus Leptotila was introduced by the English naturalist William John Swainson in 1837 with the Caribbean dove Leptotila jamaicensis as the type species.[1][2] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek leptos meaning "delicate" or "slender" with ptilon meaning "feather".[3]

The genus contains the following 11 species:[4]

Cladogram showing the position of Leptotila among its closest relatives:[5][6]


Geotrygon – 9 species

Leptotrygon – Olive-backed quail-dove

Leptotila – 11 species

Zentrygon – 8 species

Zenaida – 7 species


  1. ^ Swainson, William John (1837). On the Natural History and Classification of Birds. Volume 2. London: John Taylor. p. 349.
  2. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1937). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 122.
  3. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 222. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. ^ Banks, R.C.; Weckstein, J.D.; Remsen Jr, J.V.; Johnson, K.P. (2013). "Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini)". Zootaxa. 3669 (2): 184–188. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3669.2.11.
  6. ^ Johnson, K.P.; Weckstein, J.D. (2011). "The Central American land bridge as an engine of diversification in New World doves". Journal of Biogeography. 38: 1069–1076. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02501.x.