Leporinus is a genus of fish in the family Anostomidae native to South America. The fossil species Leporinus scalabrinii, known from the late Miocene of Entre Ríos in Argentina, has only recently been added to this genus after being misidentified as a species of primate under the name Arrhinolemur scalabrinii for over 100 years.[1]

Banded Leporinus (Leporinus fasciatus) (7124562451).jpg
Leporinus fasciatus
Leporinus friderici.jpg
Leporinus friderici
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Characiformes
Family: Anostomidae
Genus: Leporinus
Agassiz, 1829
Type species
Leporinus novemfasciatus
Spix & Agassiz, 1829


There are currently 78 recognized species in this genus:

† = extinct


The following species were formerly placed in Leporinus but have since been moved to other genera:[14]


  1. ^ Bogan, S., Sidlauskas, B., Vari, R.P. & Agnolin, F. (2012): Arrhinolemur scalabrinii Ameghino, 1898, of the late Miocene - a taxonomic journey from the Mammalia to the Anostomidae (Ostariophysi: Characiformes). Neotropical Ichthyology, 10 (3): 555–560.
  2. ^ Britski, H.A. & Birindelli, J.L.O. (2016): Redescription of Leporinus altipinnis, a senior synonym of L. falcipinnis, and comments on L. holostictus (Characiformes: Anostomidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 27 (1): 25-40.
  3. ^ Sidlauskas, B.L., Mol, J.H. & Vari, R.P. (2011): Dealing with allometry in linear and geometric morphometrics: a taxonomic case study in the Leporinus cylindriformis group (Characiformes: Anostomidae) with description of a new species from Suriname. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 162 (1): 103-130.
  4. ^ Burns, M.D., Frable, B.W. & Sidlauskas, B.L. (2014): A New Species of Leporinus (Characiformes: Anostomidae), from the Orinoco Basin, Venezuela. Archived 2017-04-07 at the Wayback Machine Copeia, 2014 (2): 206-214.
  5. ^ Feitosa, F.d.S., Santos, G.M.d. & Birindelli, J.L.O. (2011): Leporinus britskii: a new anostomid species from the Tapajós and Jari drainages, Brazil (Characiformes: Anostomidae). Zootaxa, 3120: 55–62.
  6. ^ a b Burns, Michael D.; Chatfield, Marcus; Birindelli, José L.O.; Sidlauskas, Brian L. (2017). "Systematic assessment of the Leporinus desmotes species complex, with a description of two new species". Neotropical Ichthyology. 15 (2). doi:10.1590/1982-0224-20160166.
  7. ^ Garavello, J.C., Britski, H.A. & Birindelli, J.L.O. (2014): Redescription of Leporinus jamesi (Characiformes: Anostomidae), a poorly known species of Leporinus from the lowlands of the central Amazon, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 12 (2): 317-326.
  8. ^ a b Birindelli, J.L.O., Britski, H.A. & Garavello, J.C. (2013): Two new species of Leporinus Agassiz (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from eastern basins of Brazil, and redescription of L. melanopleura Günther. Neotropical Ichthyology, 11 (1): 9-23.
  9. ^ a b c Birindelli, J.L.O. & Britski, H.A. (2013): Two new species of Leporinus (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the Brazilian Amazon, and redescription of Leporinus striatus Kner 1858. Journal of Fish Biology, 83 (5): 1128–1160.
  10. ^ a b Birindelli, J.L.O., Britski, H.A. & Lima, F.C.T. (2013): New Species of Leporinus from the Rio Tapajós Basin, Brazil, and Redescription of L. moralesi (Characiformes: Anostomidae). Copeia, 2013 (2): 238–247.
  11. ^ a b BIRINDELLI, J. L. O., TEIXEIRA, T. F., & BRITSKI, H. A. (2016). Two new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1929 (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from tributaries of the lower Amazon basin in Brazil. Zootaxa, 4178(1), 97–115. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4178.1.4
  12. ^ Britski, H.A. & Birindelli, J.L.O. (2013): A new species of Leporinus Agassiz, 1829 (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the rio Tocantins, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 11 (1): 25-32.
  13. ^ Britski, Heraldo A.; Birindelli, José L. (2019-05-08). "Description of a new species of Leporinus (Characiformes: Anostomidae) from the Rio Tapajós basin, Brazil". Zootaxa. 4603 (1): 183–191. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4603.1.10. ISSN 1175-5334.
  14. ^ Birindelli, José L. O.; Melo, Bruno F.; Ribeiro-Silva, Luís R.; Diniz, Debora; Oliveira, Claudio (2020-07-01). "A New Species of Hypomasticus from Eastern Brazil Based on Morphological and Molecular Data (Characiformes, Anostomidae)". Copeia. 108 (2): 416–425. doi:10.1643/CI-19-335. ISSN 0045-8511.