Lepidopteran diversity

180,000 species of Lepidoptera are described, equivalent to 10% of the total described species of living organisms.[1] This is a list of the diversity of the Lepidoptera showing the estimated number of genera and species described for each superfamily and, where available, family. See Lepidoptera for a note of the schedule of families used.

Superfamily Family Genera Species
Micropterigiodea Micropterigidae 6 182
Agathiphagoidea Agathiphagidae 1 2
Heterobathmioidea Heterobathmiidae 1 9
Eriocranioidea Eriocraniidae 6 25
Acanthopteroctedoidea Acanthopteroctetidae 2 5
Lophocoronoidea Lophocoronidae 1 6
Neopseustoidea Neopseustidae 3 10
Mnesarchaeoidea Mnesarchaeidae 1 14
Hepialoidea   68 630
  Anomosetidae 1 1
  Hepialidae 61 606
  Neotheoridae 1 1
  Palaeosetidae 4 7
  Prototheoridae 1 15
Nepticuloidea   29 1,076
  Nepticulidae 22 862
  Opostegidae 7 214
Adeloidea   72 598
  Adelidae
  Cecidosidae
  Heliozelidae
  Incurvariidae
  Prodoxidae 12 80
Palaephatoidea Palaephatidae 7 60
Tischerioidea Tischeriidae 5 110
Simaethistoidea Simaethistidae 2 4
Tineoidea   406 4,352
  Acrolophidae 300
  Arrhenophanidae 5 26
  Eriocottidae
  Lypusidae
  Psychidae
  Tineidae 320 3,000
Gracillarioidea   90 2,315
  Bucculatricidae
  Douglasiidae
  Gracillariidae 75 2,000
  Roeslerstammiidae
Yponomeutoidea   83 1,578
  Acrolepiidae
  Bedelliidae
  Glyphipterigidae 384
  Heliodinidae
  Lyonetiidae
  Plutellidae 100
  Yponomeutidae 600
  Ypsolophidae
Gelechioidea   1,390 15,966
  Agonoxenidae
  Batrachedridae
  Blastobasidae
  Coleophoridae 43 1,418
  Cosmopterigidae 106 1,628
  Elachistidae 165 3,270
  Ethmiidae
  Gelechiidae 507 4,530
  Holcopogonidae
  Lecithoceridae
  Metachandidae
  Momphidae
  Oecophoridae
  Pterolonchidae
  Scythrididae
  Symmocidae
Galacticoidea Galacticidae 3 17
Zygaenoidea   98 2,700
  Aididae
  Anomoeotidae
  Cyclotornidae 1 5
  Dalceridae
  Epipyropidae
  Heterogynidae
  Himantopteridae
  Lacturidae
  Limacodidae 1,100
  Megalopygidae
  Somabrachyidae
  Zygaenidae
Cossoidea   114 676
  Cossidae 113 670
  Dudgeoneidae 1
Sesioidea   149 1,360
  Brachodidae 150
  Castniidae
  Sesiidae 149 1,362
Choreutoidea Choreutidae 12 405
Tortricoidea Tortricidae 755 6,338
Urodoidea 4 62
  Urodidae 3 60
  Ustyurtiidae 1 2[2]
Schreckensteinioidea Schreckensteiniidae 4 12
Epermenioidea Epermeniidae 5 83
Alucitoidea   15 158
  Alucitidae 130
  Tineodidae
Pterophoroidea Pterophoridae 73 986
Whalleyanoidea Whalleyanidae 1 2
Immoidea Immidae 6 246
Copromorphoidea   29 318
  Carposinidae
  Copromorphidae
Hyblaeoidea Hyblaeidae 2 18
Pyraloidea[3]   2,092 15,576
  Crambidae 1,015 10,094
  Pyralidae 1,077 5,900
Thyridoidea Thyrididae 12 1,220
Mimallonoidea Mimallonidae[4] 41 291
Lasiocampoidea   158 1,575
  Anthelidae
  Lasiocampidae 150 1,500
Bombycoidea   466 3,425
  Bombycidae
  Brahmaeidae
  Carthaeidae
  Endromidae
  Eupterotidae
  Lemoniidae
  Mirinidae
  Saturniidae 165 1,480
  Sphingidae 200 1,200
Cimelioidea Cimeliidae 2 6
Calliduloidea Callidulidae 8 60
Hedyloidea Hedylidae 1 40
Hesperioidea Hesperiidae 550 3,500
Papilionoidea   1,400 14,000
  Lycaenidae 566 4,698
  Nymphalidae 633 5,698
  Papilionidae 26 605
  Pieridae 74 1,051
  Riodinidae 140 1,250
Drepanoidea   129 675
  Drepanidae 123 665
Geometroidea   2,107 23,748[5]
  Epicopeiidae 9 20
  Geometridae 2,002 23,002
  Sematuridae 6 40
  Uraniidae 90 686
Noctuoidea   7,250 70,000
  Arctiidae 11,000
  Doidae
  Erebidae 1,760 24,569[5]
  Euteliidae 29 520[5]
  Lymantriidae 360 2,500
  Noctuidae 1,089 11,772[5]
  Nolidae 186 1,738[5]
  Notodontidae 704 3,800[5]
  Oenosandridae 4 8[5]
  Pantheidae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lepidoptera Taxome Project". Lepidoptera Taxome Project. Retrieved 2015-02-25.
  2. ^ Kauka, Kauri; Nupponen, Kari; Pavel Yu, Gorbunov; Mutanen, Marko; Heikkila, Marua (2019). "Ustyurtiidae, a new family of Urodoidea with description of a new genus and two species from Kazakhstan, and discussion on possible affinity of Urodoidea to Schreckensteinioidea (Lepidoptera)". Insect Systematics & Evolution. BRILL: 1–28. doi:10.1163/1876312X-00002209. ISSN 1399-560X.
  3. ^ Nuss, Matthias; Landry, Bernard; Mally, Richard; Vegliante, Francesca; Tränkner, Andreas; Bauer, Franziska; Hayden, James; Segerer, Andreas; Schouten, Rob; Li, Houhun; Trofimova, Tatiana; Solis, M. Alma; De Prins, Jurate; Speidel, Wolfgang (2003–2020). "Global Information System on Pyraloidea (GlobIZ)". www.pyraloidea.org. Retrieved 2020-02-21.
  4. ^ St Laurent, Ryan A.; Kawahara, Akito Y. (2019). "Reclassification of the Sack-bearer Moths". ZooKeys. Pensoft. 815: 1–114. doi:10.3897/zookeys.815.27335. PMC 6336762. PMID 30670925.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Zhang, Z.-Q., ed. (2011-12-23). Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148. Magnolia Press. p. 217. ISBN 9781869778491.
  • Kristensen, N.P. (Ed.). 1999. Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichte der Stämme des Tierreiches / Handbook of Zoology. A Natural History of the phyla of the Animal Kingdom. Band / Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta Teilband / Part 35: 491 pp. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York. ISBN 3-11-017077-9