Leonard Hyman Tose (March 6, 1915 – April 15, 2003) was an owner of the Philadelphia Eagles from 1969–1985. He made a fortune in the trucking industry and was known for his lavish lifestyle. He eventually lost his fortune because of a gambling addiction and alcoholism.
|Born||Leonard Hyman Tose
March 6, 1915
|Died||April 15, 2003
|Organization||Philadelphia Eagles (1969–1985)|
|Spouse(s)||Jayne Orenstein (divorced)
Andrea Tose (divorced)
Caroline Collum (divorced)
Julia Farber (divorced)
--Susan Tose Fletcher
--Nan Tose Schwartz
Tose's father, a Russian Jewish immigrant to the United States, settled outside Philadelphia and was a peddler with a pack on his back. He eventually owned 10 trucks, the beginning of the family business. Eventually, Tose Inc. owned more than 700 trucks and grossed $20 million a year. Tose was born in Bridgeport, Pennsylvania and graduated from the University of Notre Dame in 1937.
Philadelphia Eagles ownerEdit
Tose, a lifelong fan of the Philadelphia Eagles, invested in the team as a member of the "Happy Hundred," a group led by James P. Clark. Tose invested $3,000 as one of the one hundred owners to purchase the team from Alexis Thompson on January 15, 1949. Tose tried to buy the team with his own group of investors in 1956, but was unable to do so. The team was bought in December 1963 by Jerry Wolman for $5,505,000 and Tose received more than $60,000. He bought the team from Wolman in 1969 for $16,155,000, then a record for a professional sports franchise. Tose's first official act was to fire head coach Joe Kuharich. He followed this by naming former Eagles receiving great Pete Retzlaff as general manager and Jerry Williams as coach.
In 1976, he, along with General Manager Jimmy Murray, lured Dick Vermeil from UCLA to coach the hapless Eagles, who had one winning season from 1962–1975. Vermeil's 1980 team lost to Oakland in the Super Bowl. In January 1983, Tose announced that his daughter, Susan Fletcher, the Eagles' vice president and legal counsel, would eventually succeed him as primary owner of the Eagles.
In 1985 Tose was forced to sell the Eagles to Norman Braman and Ed Leibowitz, highly successful automobile dealers from Florida, for a reported $65 million to pay off his more than $25 million in gambling debts at Atlantic City casinos.
After the EaglesEdit
In 1991, the Sands sued him for $1.23 million in gambling debts. He countersued, contending that the casino got him too drunk to know what he was doing. Eventually, the casino won. There was testimony from a cocktail waitress swearing that her job description was "to keep Mr. Tose's glass filled." The casino provided a monogrammed glass which she was instructed to keep filled with top-shelf scotch.
In the end, he lost it all, by his estimate more than $20 million at Resorts International and $14 million at the Sands. In 1996, on his 81st birthday, Tose was evicted from his seven-bedroom Villanova mansion after losing the house in a U.S. Marshal's sale.
In 1999, he told a congressional hearing on compulsive gambling that his losses totaled between $40 million and $50 million. He spent his last years alone in a downtown hotel room after his home in Philadelphia's upscale Main Line district was confiscated for unpaid taxes. Mr. Tose died in his sleep in the hospice wing of St. Agnes Medical Center in Philadelphia on April 15, 2003. He was 88. No cause of death was released. An obituary by Dan Dunkin captured his life: "To put Leonard Tose's life in football terms, he threw on every down."
Tose had been married five times. His first wife was Jayne Ester Orenstein, who was also Jewish; they had two daughters, Nan Tose Schwartz and Susan Tose Fletcher. His second wife was Andrea Tose; they divorced in 1981. In 1981, he married his third wife, former stewardess Caroline Collum, who used to be in charge of the Eagles cheerleaders, the Liberty Bells; they divorced and she then married I.G. "Jack" Davis, the former president of Resorts International Casino Hotel; and later she married Sidney Kimmel, the founder of the Jones Apparel Group. His fourth wife was Julia Farber of Cherry Hill, New Jersey.
Tose was, by his admission, a compulsive gambler and an alcoholic with a lifestyle others called flamboyant and he called comfortable. He and the fourth of his five wives had matching Rolls-Royces. Tose flew to Eagles home games in a helicopter, was married aboard the liner Queen Elizabeth 2 and fed reporters filet mignon and shrimp cocktail.
During his tenure as Eagles owner, Tose was instrumental in helping establish the first Ronald McDonald House. Together with General Manager Jim Murray and Eagles player Fred Hill (whose daughter had leukemia), Dr. Audrey Evans and McDonald's regional manager Ed Rensi, a house was established for families to stay when their children received treatment for pediatric cancers. The house was financed by proceeds from sales of Shamrock Shakes throughout the Philadelphia area.
- "Leonard H. Tose, 88; Ex-Owner of NFL's Eagles Lost Fortune Gambling". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. 16 April 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
- GQ Magazine: "Leonard Tose" September 17, 2012
- Didinger, Ray; Robert S. Lyons (2005). The Eagles Encyclopedia. Temple University Press. pp. 127–128. ISBN 1-59213-449-1.
- Fitzpatrick, Frank (April 16, 2003). "Ex-Eagles owner Leonard Tose dies". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- King David Memorial Chapel: "In Memory of Jayne Esther Achter July 28, 1919 - January 22, 2012" retrieved January 22, 2014
- New York Times: "BOSS'S DAUGHTER TAKES FIRM COMMAND OF EAGLES" By MICHAEL JANOFSKY May 16, 1983
- Victoria Advocate: "And You Though It Was A Game...Eagle's Owner Battles Ex-Wife" by John F. Berry January 18, 1981
- Philadelphia Inquirer: "The Trials Of Leonard Tose Court Papers Offer New Image Of Flamboyant Ex-eagles Owner" By Michael Sokolove January 10, 1993
- Philly.com: "The Man Behind The Name On Arts Center" By Peter Dobrin and Stephen Seplow June 14, 2000