Leonard Rossiter

Leonard Rossiter (21 October 1926 – 5 October 1984) was an English actor. He had a long career in the theatre but achieved his greatest fame for his television comedy roles, most notably starring as Rupert Rigsby in the ITV series Rising Damp from 1974 to 1978, and Reginald Perrin in the BBC's The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin from 1976 to 1979.[1]

Leonard Rossiter
Leonard Rossiter as Reggie Perrin.jpg
Rossiter as Reginald Perrin[1]
Born(1926-10-21)21 October 1926
Died5 October 1984(1984-10-05) (aged 57)
OccupationActor
Years active1954–1984
Spouse(s)
(m. 1959; div. 1961)

(m. 1972)
Children1

Early life and stage workEdit

Rossiter was born on 21 October 1926 in Wavertree, Liverpool, the second son of John and Elizabeth (née Howell) Rossiter.[2][3] The family lived over the barber shop owned by his father. He was educated at the Liverpool Collegiate School (1939–46).[4] In September 1939, when the Second World War began, Rossiter was evacuated along with his schoolmates to Bangor in North Wales, where he stayed for 18 months.[5] While at school, his ambition was to go to university to read modern languages and become a teacher; however, his father, who served as a voluntary ambulanceman during the war, was killed in the May Blitz air raid in 1941.[6] Rossiter then had to support his mother, therefore he could not take up the place he had been offered at the University of Liverpool.[7] Instead, he did his National Service as a sergeant, initially in the Intelligence Corps, then in the Army Education Corps, spending much of the time in Germany writing letters home for other soldiers.[8] After being demobbed he worked for six years as an insurance clerk in the claims and accident departments of the Commercial Union Insurance Company.[9]

Rossiter started acting after his actress girlfriend challenged him to try it, after he had scoffed at the performances of the amateur group she was in.[10] He joined the Wavertree Community Centre Drama Group and made his first appearance with the Adastra Players in Terence Rattigan's Flare Path. The local critic said that he "was particularly outstanding, his one fault being a tendency to speak too fast on one or two occasions".[11] He gave up his insurance job to enrol in Preston repertory theatre and became a professional actor at the comparatively late age of 27. He made his professional stage debut in Joseph Colton's The Gay Dog in Preston on 6 September 1954.[12]

He later became assistant stage manager there, and then went on to Wolverhampton and Salisbury repertory companies. In his first 19 months in the business he played some 75 roles. He said later: "There was no time to discuss the finer points of interpretation. You studied the part, you did it and then you studied the next part. I developed a frightening capacity for learning lines. The plays became like Elastoplast, which you just stuck on and then tore off. It was the perfect preparation for rehearsing situation comedy on television at the rate of one episode a week."[13]

In 1957–58 he played in the musical Free as Air and then toured in Eugene O'Neill's The Iceman Cometh. He joined the Bristol Old Vic and was there for two years, from 1959 to 1961, a time he described as "the bedrock of his career", followed by other stage work, in, among other plays, The Strange Case of Martin Richter, Disabled, The Heretic, The Caretaker and Semi-Detached (in New York). His performance in the premiere of Michael Blakemore's stage production of Bertolt Brecht's The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui in 1969 met with critical acclaim.[14]

Film and television careerEdit

Rossiter soon established himself as a respected character actor in films and television, as well as on stage. He stated: "I think I sensed fairly early on that I was not physically or facially built in the way that would ever fit even remotely into heroic or what used to be called juvenile parts. I always played character parts - right from the start."[15] His first film role was in A Kind of Loving (1962). In Billy Liar (1963) he played the title character's boss. His first major television role was as Detective-Inspector Bamber in the long-running police television series Z-Cars.[16] He also had guest roles in series as diverse as Steptoe and Son ("The Lead Man Cometh", 1964; "The Desperate Hours", 1972) and The Avengers ("Dressed to Kill", 1963). Among his early film credits were four films directed by Bryan Forbes, namely King Rat (1965), The Wrong Box (1966), The Whisperers (1967) and Deadfall (1968).

In 1968 he played Mr Sowerberry in the film version of Lionel Bart's musical Oliver! and took one of the few speaking supporting roles in 2001: A Space Odyssey as the Russian scientist Smyslov. He worked with Stanley Kubrick again in Barry Lyndon (1975), in which he appeared as Captain John Quin. In the same year as 2001 he appeared in Nigel Kneale's television play The Year of the Sex Olympics, part of BBC 2's Theatre 625, one of his four appearances in the series.

In Rising Damp, on ITV, Rossiter played Rigsby, the lecherous landlord of a house converted into seedy bedsits, reprising the role from the successful stage version, The Banana Box. While he was in Rising Damp he also took the lead role in The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin, adapted by David Nobbs from his own comic novels and broadcast on the BBC. Rossiter was given a surprise tribute on This Is Your Life in 1975.[17] He appeared in I Tell You It’s Burt Reynolds, an episode of the 1977 Yorkshire Television series The Galton & Simpson Playhouse,[18] as well as the short films The Waterloo Bridge Handicap (1978), and the Galton and Simpson-scripted Le Pétomane (1979). After his portrayal of Reginald Perrin, Rossiter's non-comedy roles on television became less frequent, although there were exceptions such as a debt collector in the one-off HTV thriller Machinegunner (1976), and Frank Harris in Fearless Frank, or Tit-bits from the Life of an Adventurer (1978), a BBC Play of the Week.[19]

From 1978–83, Rossiter performed in ten commercials for Cinzano. The iconic series of adverts was created by film director Alan Parker and, at Rossiter's suggestion, used an old music hall joke where he spills a drink over his wife (played by Joan Collins). In the Channel 4 programme The 100 Greatest TV Ads (2000) Terry Lovelock, the director of two of the commercials, said that Rossiter used to refer jokingly to Collins as "The Prop".[3][20]

Rossiter reprised Rigsby for a film version of Rising Damp in 1980, thus achieving the distinction of playing the same role on stage, television and film. He continued to make a steady stream of film appearances, including a role in Lindsay Anderson's Britannia Hospital (1982).[21] His last television role was as the supermarket manager in another ITV sitcom, Tripper's Day (1984).[22]

Rossiter also played the title role in the BBC Television Shakespeare production of The Life and Death of King John (1984). His last film appearance was in Water (1985).

Radio and voice workEdit

In the animated adaptation of The Perishers (1979), Rossiter provided the voice for Boot the dog.[23] He narrated an abridged version of the Charles Dickens book A Christmas Carol, which was released on cassette in 1979. He appeared on the BBC Radio 4 show Desert Island Discs in 1980.[24] In 1981, he hosted an episode of the BBC Radio 4 show With Great Pleasure in which he recited some of his favorite poetry and prose alongside his wife, Gillian Raine and friend, actor James Grout.[25] Also in 1981, he narrated a seven-part series of five-minute episodes, written by Barry Pilton for BBC Radio 4, titled In a Nutshell.[26] Rossiter narrated a three-part series of the children's story Harlequin and Columbine for Story Teller magazine in 1984.[27] He voiced the King of Hearts in two episodes of Anglia Television's version of Alice In Wonderland, which was broadcast in April 1985, six months after Rossiter's death.

WritingEdit

Rossiter displayed his acid wit in two books: The Devil's Bedside Book (1980),[28] a collection of cynical dictionary definitions in the style of Ambrose Bierce's The Devil's Dictionary, and The Lowest Form of Wit (1981),[29] a collection of biting bons mots, stinging retorts, and insults divided into six main sections, illustrated with cartoons by Honeysett and including a definitive guide and a history of sarcasm. He also wrote the introduction for cook Keith Floyd's 1981 book Floyd's Food.[30]

Personal lifeEdit

Rossiter's first marriage was to the actress Josephine Tewson, with whom he had worked many times in repertory theatre in the 1950s. The marriage ended in divorce in 1961. His second wife was the actress Gillian Raine, with whom he had a daughter, Camilla, and to whom he was still married at the time of his death.[31] Rossiter had met Gillian Raine when he played the lead role of Fred Midway in David Turner's play Semi-Detached, in a production directed by Tony Richardson. The play opened on 8 June 1962 at the Belgrade Theatre in Coventry and ran for a week. During the play's second run at the Belgrade, in September 1963, the couple fell in love and moved in together, but they did not marry until 1972.[32]

Rossiter was an Everton F.C. fan.[33][34] He was also a wine connoisseur, and converted his attic into a sort of wine cellar.[35]

After his death it was revealed that during the early 1980s Rossiter had had a five-year relationship with the broadcaster Sue MacGregor.[36] His wife had not been aware of the affair until she received a letter from MacGregor breaking the news that her memoirs, which were about to be published, would include an account of the affair.[3]

Since his childhood, Rossiter had been an enthusiastic and capable sportsman in football, cricket, tennis and later squash.

DeathEdit

On 5 October 1984, Rossiter died from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy while waiting to go onstage at the Lyric Theatre, London, where he was performing in Joe Orton's play Loot.[1] His funeral took place at St. Mary's Church, The Boltons, London.[citation needed] A memorial service was held on 15 November 1984 at St Paul's, Covent Garden.[37] Attendees included Rossiter's Loot castmates, as well as Derek Nimmo, Fulton Mackay, and Ned Sherrin.[38] Loot director, Jonathan Lynn, gave a eulogy in which he said of Rossiter: "Now that Leonard is up there, things had better be properly managed: I hope that the Heavenly Gates opened on cue and that the Choir of Angels is singing in tune. They had better be professional in Paradise. Because, if not, they'll certainly hear about it from Leonard."[39]

Legacy and tributesEdit

Rossiter was posthumously nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for "Comedy Performance of the Year," for his role as Inspector Truscott in Loot.[40]

In 1985, the book Leonard Rossiter by author Robert Tanitch was published. The book featured a collection of rare photos and reminiscences from friends and colleagues of Rossiter's.[41][42]

In 2000, the ITV biography series The Unforgettable broadcast an episode about Rossiter's life. His wife and daughter were interviewed, as well as former colleagues, including Don Warrington, Joan Collins, and Sue Nicholls.

A biography of Rossiter, titled Leonard Rossiter: Character Driven was published in 2010 by author Guy Adams.[43][3]

TV and FilmographyEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1962 A Kind of Loving Whymper
1963 This Sporting Life Phillips, sports writer
1963 Billy Liar Mr Shadrack
1964 The Long Ships Persian Soldier Uncredited
1964 A Jolly Bad Fellow Dr. Fisher
1965 King Rat McCoy
1966 Hotel Paradiso Inspector
1966 The Wrong Box Vyvyan Montague
1966 The Witches Dr. Wallis
1967 Deadlier Than the Male Henry Bridgenorth
1967 The Whisperers Assistance Board Officer
1968 2001: A Space Odyssey Dr. Andrei Smyslov
1968 Oliver! Mr. Sowerberry
1968 Deadfall Fillmore
1968 Diamonds for Breakfast Inspector Dudley
1968 The Year of the Sex Olympics Ugo Priest
1968 Otley Johnson
1968 Theatre 625: The Fanatics Voltaire
1973 Luther Brother Weinand
1974–1978 Rising Damp Rigsby TV Series
1974 If There Weren't Any Blacks You'd Have To Invent Them Blind Man
1975 Barry Lyndon Capt. John Quin
1976 The Pink Panther Strikes Again Superintendent Quinlan
1976 Voyage of the Damned Commander Von Bonin
1976 Machinegunner
1976–1979 The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin Reginald Perrin TV Series
1978 The Losers Sydney Foskett
1978 The Waterloo Bridge Handicap Charles Barker
1978 The Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show Himself
1979 Le Pétomane Joseph Pujol
1980 Rising Damp Rigsby
1982 Britannia Hospital Vincent Potter
1984 Tripper's Day Norman Tripper
1984 Play for Today: Dog Ends
1984 The Life and Death of King John (BBC Shakespeare) King John
1985 Water Sir Malcolm Leveridge

TheatreEdit

Year Title Role Director Playwright(s) Theatre
1959 The Clandestine Marriage Canton John Hale George Colman and David Garrick Theatre Royal, Bristol
1959 Romeo and Juliet Sampson & Friar John John Hale William Shakespeare Theatre Royal, Bristol
1959 The Silent Woman Sir John Daw John Hale Ben Jonson Theatre Royal, Bristol
1959 The Long and the Short and the Tall Private Bamforth David Scase Willis Hall Theatre Royal, Bristol
1959 Hooray for Daisy! Harry Tuck Denis Carey Julian Slade and Dorothy Reynolds Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 A Taste of Honey Peter John Hale Shelagh Delaney Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 Mary Stuart Lord Burleigh John Hale Friedrich Schiller (adapted by Stephen Spender) Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 The Woodcarver Griff Prunella Scales Morris Brown Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 She Stoops to Conquer Tony Lumpkin Dudley Jones Oliver Goldsmith Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 The Hostage Pat John Hale Brendan Behan Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 The Comedy of Errors Dromio of Syracuse John Hale William Shakespeare Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 Romeo and Juliet Friar Lawrence John Hale William Shakespeare Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 Rhinoceros The Logician John Hale Eugène Ionesco Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 The Tempest Stephano John Hale William Shakespeare Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 Caesar and Cleopatra Rufio Tony Robertson George Bernard Shaw Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 One Way Pendulum Arthur Groomkirby Alan Bridges N.F. Simpson Theatre Royal, Bristol
1960 Dick Whittington Cicely Suett Frank Dunlop V.C. Clinton-Baddeley and Gavin Gordon Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 Roots Mr. Bryant Duncan Ross Arnold Wesker Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 A Passage to India Richard Fielding Alan Bridges Santha Rama Rau (based on the novel by E.M. Forster) Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 Richard II Henry Bolingbroke John Hale William Shakespeare Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 The Killer The Architect & Second Policeman John Hale Eugène Ionesco Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 A Man for All Seasons The Common Man Warren Jenkins Robert Bolt Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 Goat Song Celestino John Hale Martin Shuttleworth Theatre Royal, Bristol
1961 North City Traffic Straight Ahead Harry Hopkins Alan Simpson James Douglas Gaiety Theatre, Dublin
1961 The Caretaker Davies Gareth Davies Harold Pinter The Leatherhead Theatre Club
1962 The Recruiting Officer Sergeant Kite Frank Dunlop George Farquhar Nottingham Playhouse
1962 Arms and the Man Sergius Saranoff David Forder George Bernard Shaw Belgrade Theatre, Coventry
1962 Red Roses for Me Brennan o' the Moor Julius Gellner Seán O'Casey Mermaid Theatre, London
1962–1963 Semi-Detached Fred Midway Tony Richardson David Turner Belgrade Theatre, Coventry; Music Box Theatre, New York
1964 Hamp Lieutenant Tom Webb John Gibson John Wilson Theatre Royal, Newcastle
1965 Ghosts Pastor Menders Adrian Rendle Henrik Ibsen Theatre Royal Stratford East
1966 Volpone Corvino Frank Hauser Ben Jonson Oxford Playhouse
1967–1968 The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Arturo Ui Michael Blakemore Bertolt Brecht (adapted by George Tabori) Citizens Theatre, Glasgow; Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh
1968 The Strange Case of Martin Richter Martin Richter Michael Blakemore Stanley Eveling Hampstead Theatre, London
1969 The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Arturo Ui Michael Blakemore Bertolt Brecht (adapted by George Tabori) Nottingham Playhouse; Saville Theatre, London
1970 The Heretic Giordano Bruno Morris West and Joseph O'Connor Morris West Duke of York's Theatre, London
1971 Disabled Barker Vivian Matalon Peter Ransley Hampstead Theatre, London
1971 Richard III Richard III Peter McEnery William Shakespeare Nottingham Playhouse
1972 The Caretaker Davies Christopher Morahan Harold Pinter Mermaid Theatre, London
1973 The Banana Box Rooksby David Scase Eric Chappell Adeline Genée Theatre, East Grinstead; Apollo Theatre, London
1974 Abel, Where Is Your Brother? The Narrator & I Amos Mokadi Julius Edliss (translated by Ariadne Nicolaeff) Act-In Theatre Club, Piccadilly, London
1974 The Looneys Brian Michael Rudman John Antrobus Hampstead Theatre, London
1975 A Christmas Carol Scrooge Michael Fabian Charles Dickens Touring production
1976–1977 The Frontiers of Farce (adaptation of the plays The Purging by Georges Feydeau & The Singer by Frank Wedekind) Follavoine & Dhuring Peter Barnes George Feydeau & Frank Wedekind (adapted by Peter Barnes) Theatre Royal, Bristol; Criterion Theatre, London
1976 Tartuffe Tartuffe David Thompson Molière (translated by David Thompson) Greenwich Theatre, London
1977–1978 The Immortal Haydon (one-man show) Haydon Alan Strachan John Wells Mermaid Theatre, London; Greenwich Theatre, London
1979 Semi-Detached Fred Midway Leonard Rossiter & Alan Strachan David Turner Greenwich Theatre, London and toured
1980 Make and Break Garrard Michael Blakemore Michael Frayn Lyric Theatre, London; Theatre Royal Haymarket
1982 The Rules of the Game Leone Gala Anthony Quayle Luigi Pirandello (translated by Robert Rietti & Noel Gregeen) Theatre Royal, Nottingham; Theatre Royal Haymarket; Phoenix Theatre, London
1983–1984 Tartuffe Tartuffe Peter Coe Molière (adapted by Miles Malleson) Churchill Theatre, Bromley
1984 Loot Truscott Jonathan Lynn Joe Orton Ambassadors Theatre, London; Lyric Theatre, London

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Shawn G. Kennedy (October 7, 1984). "Leonard Rossiter, Actor Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-09-13. Leonard Rossiter, one of Britain's most popular comic actors, collapsed during a performance in London and died Friday night, apparently of a heart attack. Mr. Rossiter, who was 57 years old, was declared dead at Middlesex Hospital. ...
  2. ^ Rossiter profile at FilmReference.com
  3. ^ a b c d "Leonard Rossiter, Character Driven: review". Retrieved 29 December 2014.
  4. ^ R. Tanitch Leonard Rossiter p. 149
  5. ^ Coslett, Paul. "Leonard Rossiter". BBC. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Mums and babies among victims of Liverpool's Mill Road Hospital raids during May Blitz". Liverpool Echo. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  7. ^ Leonard Rossiter by Robert Tanitch; ISBN 0-947728-19-8
  8. ^ Knight, Val (1 April 1978). "The joke that led Leonard Rossiter to stardom...and Rigsby". TVTimes. I was in just before the end of the Japanese war. The war in Germany was over, clearly why I went to Germany at that time...to teach soldiers, most of whom had missed schooling during the war, to read and write. It was weird really. I was immediately made a sergeant. Well you had to have some sort of rank because as a private in the classroom, teaching old soldiers their A, B, C, you'd soon have been given the brush off. I spent most of the time writing their letters home, you know 'Dear Mum...'
  9. ^ Interview on BBC R4 Desert Island Discs 12 April 1980
  10. ^ "Rossiter revels in Rising Damp". TVTimes. 7 November 1975. Having Rossiter in the part, incidentally, is all down to a former girlfriend who is called Ida. She was in an amateur group and when the young Rossiter watched her at rehearsals he told her he thought he could do better. 'I suppose you could do better!' she snapped. 'I couldn't do worse,' he said. So he joined the group.
  11. ^ Tanitch, p. 8
  12. ^ "Change of Policy". The Stage. 18 November 1954. Twenty-seven year-old Leonard Rossiter, Reginald Salberg's latest 'find' at Preston, was an insurance inspector in Liverpool until about three months ago. For years before he nursed an ambition to become an actor, and it was only the stress of domestic circumstances that baulked earlier efforts to reach his goal. Last August his family responsibilities were considerably relieved and he sought an interview with Mr. Salberg. As it happened, the application that got him his first small part (in 'The Gay Dog') was most opportunely timed. If it had been made a week before, or a week later, he would probably be still carrying out duties as an insurance claims assessor...
  13. ^ Tanitch, p. 25
  14. ^ Tanitch, p. 47
  15. ^ Sutcliffe, Tom (4 September 1982). "Rossiter's irresistible rise". The Guardian.
  16. ^ Slide, Anthony (1996). Some Joe You Don't Know: An American Biographical Guide to 100 British Television Personalities. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 213. ISBN 9780313295508.
  17. ^ "Rossiter revels in Rising Damp". TVTimes. 7 November 1975. Having Rossiter in the part, incidentally, is all down to a former girlfriend who is called Ida. She was in an amateur group and when the young Rossiter watched her at rehearsals he told her he thought he could do better. 'I suppose you could do better!' she snapped. 'I couldn't do worse,' he said. So he joined the group. When 'This Is Your Life' descended on Rossiter who do you think was one of the surprise guests? That's right. Ida.
  18. ^ Gary Mills (4 March 2015). "Leonard Rossiter: a conviction in comedy". British Film Institute. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  19. ^ John Oliver. "Rossiter, Leonard (1926-1984)". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  20. ^ The Cinzano commercials, LeonardRossiter.com. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  21. ^ Utting, David (23 November 1981). "Mr. Rossiter is anxious not to bore the kids". Liverpool Echo.
  22. ^ Knowles, Stewart (22 September 1984). "Rossiter's hated hair apparent". TVTimes. When I was offered Tripper, it was pointed out that it wasn't terribly deep stuff, just smash-bang basic comedy in short, sharp scenes. I said I wasn't averse to doing anything if I liked it, and this is fast and funny, very well written by Brian Cooke.
  23. ^ "The Perishers have Rossiter". The Stage and Television Today. 15 March 1979.
  24. ^ "Desert Island Discs: Leonard Rossiter". BBC Radio 4. 12 April 1980. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  25. ^ "With Great Pleasure". BBC Genome. 28 August 1981. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Leonard Rossiter - In a Nutshell". BBC Radio 4. 1981. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Story Teller 2". Story Teller Website.
  28. ^ Leonard Rossiter, Devil's Bedside Book, Littlehampton: 1980; ISBN 0-600-20105-8
  29. ^ Rossiter, Leonard (1981). The Lowest Form of Wit. Great Britain: Michael Joseph Ltd. ISBN 0-7221-7513-2.
  30. ^ Jaine, Tom (15 September 2009). "Keith Floyd obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  31. ^ "Personal Remembrances, includes many pictures with Raine and his daughter". Retrieved 2 February 2009.
  32. ^ "Personal Remembrances, includes many pictures with Raine in Semi-Detached". Retrieved 2009-02-02.
  33. ^ Macdonald, Neil (2014-10-04). "Pics and video: Remembering Leonard Rossiter". Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  34. ^ Knight, Val (1 April 1978). "The joke that led Leonard Rossiter to stardom...and Rigsby". TVTimes. Of course I'm an Evertonian by tradition and so is my family. Tommy Lawton was my hero.
  35. ^ Knight, Val (1 April 1978). "The joke that led Leonard Rossiter to stardom...and Rigsby". TVTimes. Wine connoisseur Rossiter keeps his several hundred bottles of vintage wine, rather surprisingly, in his attic in the pleasant once two-up-two down cottage he has converted.
  36. ^ MacGregor, Sue (2002). Woman of Today. London: Headline Book Publishing. pp. 194–198. ISBN 0-7472-4989-X.
  37. ^ "Memorial Service to Leonard Rossiter at St Paul's Church, Covent Garden yesterday". The Daily Telegraph. 16 November 1984.
  38. ^ "Last tribute to Rossiter". Liverpool Echo. 15 November 1984.
  39. ^ Lynn, Jonathan (2011). Comedy Rules: From the Cambridge Footlights to Yes Prime Minister. Faber and Faber. pp. 173–174. ISBN 978-0571277957.
  40. ^ "Rossiter in line for 'Larry' award". The Stage. 29 November 1984.
  41. ^ Tanitch, Robert (1985). Leonard Rossiter. Robert Royce Ltd. ISBN 0-947728-19-8.
  42. ^ "Leonard Rossiter". www.tanitch.co.uk.
  43. ^ Adams, Guy (2010). Leonard Rossiter: Character Driven. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84513-596-6.

Further readingEdit

  • Tanitch, Robert (1985), Leonard Rossiter, Robert Royce Ltd. ISBN 0-947728-19-8
  • Adams, Guy (2010), Leonard Rossiter: Character Driven, Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84513-596-6
  • Lynn, Jonathan (2011), Comedy Rules: From the Cambridge Footlights to Yes Prime Minister, Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571277950

External linksEdit