The Lemon Drop pepper, Ají Limón[2] or Ají Limo,[3][1][4] is a hot, citrus-like, lemon-flavored pepper which is a popular seasoning pepper in Peru, where it is known as qillu uchu. A member of the baccatum species, the lemon drop is a cone pepper that is around 60–80 mm (2.4–3.1 in) long and 12 mm (0.47 in) wide with some crinkling.[5]

Lemon drop chilli, ají limón
SpeciesCapsicum baccatum
Cultivar'Lemon Drop'
Heat Hot
Scoville scale30,000-50,000[1] SHU


Blossom and buds

Plants of the lemon drop variety are typical representatives of the species Capsicum baccatum. In the first year they can reach a height of 1.5 to 2 m (4.9 to 6.6 ft). The plant grows upright and is highly branched. The leaves are dark green and relatively narrow, the petals are whitish - green and carry yellow - green spots on the base. Lemon drop is a high yielding chilli plant, in a year one plant can produce over 100 fruits. The time between fertilization of flowers and ripening of the fruit is about 80 days.[2]



The lemon drop has been confused with ají limo, a different species (C. chinense)[6] has the following variants:[7]

  • Ají mochero: Characterized by its citrus scent and bright yellow color.[8]
  • Ají miscucho.
  • Ají paringo.
  • Ají bola.


  1. ^ a b "AJÍ LIMO (LEMON DROP)". Cayenne Diane.
  2. ^ a b Dave DeWitt and Paul W. Bosland (2009). The Complete Pepper Book: A Gardener's Guide to Choosing, Growing, Preserving, and Cooking. Timber Press. ISBN 978-0881929201.
  3. ^ Weaver, William Woys. "How to Grow Aji Limo". Mother Earth News.
  4. ^ Bloor, Azlin. "Lemon Drop Pepper (Aji Limo)". LinsFood.
  5. ^ "Aji Lemon Drop".
  6. ^ {{cite article|title=Introducing Peruvian Aji Chiles, Chile Pepper Institute, Volume VI, Number 3, Fall 1997.
  7. ^ Investigaciones en Capsicum nativos (PDF) (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. 2012. ISBN 978-612-4147-08-1. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  8. ^ "Fruit and seed morphometry of "ají mochero" Capsicum chinense Jacq". AGROSAVIA. 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2022.