Lemn Sissay  (born 21 May 1967) is an English author and broadcaster. Sissay was the official poet of the 2012 London Olympics, has been chancellor of the University of Manchester since 2015, and joined the Foundling Museum's board of trustees two years later, having previously been appointed one of the museum's fellows. He was awarded the 2019 PEN Pinter Prize. He has written a number of books and plays.
Sissay speaking at the Hopemas Christmas party in 2010
|Chancellor of the University of Manchester|
|Assumed office |
1 August 2015
|Preceded by||Tom Bloxham|
|Born||21 May 1967|
Higher End, Wigan, Lancashire, England, UK
Life and workEdit
Sissay's mother arrived in England from Ethiopia in 1966. Pregnant at the time, she was sent from Bracknell to a home for unwed mothers in Lancashire to give birth. Sissay was born in Billinge Hospital, near Wigan, Lancashire, in 1967. Norman Goldthorpe, a social worker assigned to his mother by Wigan Social Services, found foster parents for Sissay while his mother returned to Bracknell to finish her studies.
Goldthorpe named Sissay "Norman" and gave him to foster parents, telling them to treat it as an adoption. The events are depicted in the play Something Dark and in BBC documentary Internal Flight. His strongly religious foster parents wanted to name him Mark after the Christian evangelist Mark and give him their surname, Greenwood.
When Sissay was 12 years old, after his foster parents had had three children of their own, they placed him into a children's home and said neither they nor any of their family would contact him again.
Between the ages of 12 and 17, Sissay was held in a total of four children's homes. With no surrogate family or birth family, upon leaving the care system he was given his birth certificate, showing the name of his mother, Yemarshet Sissay, and his own legal name, Lemn Sissay. He was also given a letter from his files dated 1968, written by his mother to Norman Goldthorpe, pleading for his return. She wrote: "How can I get Lemn back? I want him to be with his own people, his own colour. I don't want him to face discrimination." From the point of leaving care, he began the search for his mother and took back his real name.
At the age of 17, Sissay used his unemployment benefit money to self-publish his first poetry pamphlet, Perceptions of the Pen, which he sold to striking miners in Lancashire. When he was 18 years old he moved from Atherton to the city of Manchester. At 19 he was a literature development worker at Commonword, a community publishing cooperative in Manchester.
Before we get to know each other
And sing for tomorrow
And unearth yesterday
So that we can prepare our joint grave
You should know that I have no family,
Neither disowned nor distanced – none.
No birthdays nor Christmas,
No telephone calls. It's been that way
Since birth for what it's worth
No next of skin.
From "Before we get into this" (2008)
Sissay released his first book of poetry in 1988 at the age of 21, and since the age of 24 he has been a full-time writer, performing internationally. In 1995, he made the BBC documentary Internal Flight about his life. His 2005 drama Something Dark deals with his search for his family, and was adapted for BBC Radio 3 in 2006, winning the UK Commission for Racial Equality's Race in the Media Award (RIMA).
In 2007, Sissay was appointed artist-in-residence at London's Southbank Centre. He was the official poet of the 2012 London Olympics, has worked with the British Council and is a patron of the Letterbox Club, supporting children in care. His work has featured at the Royal Academy and the British Film Institute. Sissay was made an Honorary Doctor of Letters by the University of Huddersfield in 2009 and was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2010 New Year Honours. In 2014 Sissay was appointed as a Fellow of the Foundling Museum.
Sissay's television appearances include The South Bank Show and the BBC's series Grumpy Old Men. As a radio broadcaster he makes documentaries for the BBC. He is a regular contributor on BBC Radio 4's programme Saturday Live, which in 2008 was nominated for two Sony Awards. He also contributes to the BBC's Book Panel.
In 2015, Sissay became the patron of ALL FM 96.9 Community Radio in Manchester, and he said: "I've always loved All Fm, partly because it's such diverse radio (with shows in Urdu, Polish, Somali, Persian, Cantonese and more), but also because it played 'Architecture' (Bertallot & Mo-Dus Remix), which I'd lost and the All Fm DJ sent me a copy." Sissay's poems are read frequently on All Fm and one of its older presenters, Li, aged 84, translated and read his poem "Invisible Kisses" in Mandarin and English. She said: "I love his poetry because it is so moving and not skin-deep."
In June 2015, Sissay was elected as chancellor of the University of Manchester for a seven-year term by university staff, registered alumni and members of the General Assembly. He took up his new role on 1 August, with an installation ceremony held on Foundation Day at the university on 14 October 2015, at which he said: "Reach for the top of the tree and you may get to the first branch but reach for the stars and you'll get to the top of the tree. My primary aim is to inspire and be inspired. I am proud to be Chancellor of this fantastic university and extremely grateful to everyone who voted for me." In the same month, Sissay was the castaway on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs.
In January 2016, Sissay wrote an article in The Guardian about the Foundling Museum's "Drawing on Childhood" exhibition in which he noted: "How a society treats those children who have no one to look after them is a measure of how civilised it is. It is scandalous that a prime minister should have to admit, as David Cameron did last autumn, that the care system 'shames our country' and that Ofsted should report that there are more councils judged as 'inadequate' than 'good' for their children’s services." Later that year he became the patron of theatre company 20 Stories High, based in Toxteth, Liverpool, which creates diverse theatre including beatboxing, singing, puppetry and other media. In October of the same year, BBC Radio 4 broadcast the series Lemn Sissay's Origin Stories in which he discussed his life; it was rebroadcast a year later.
In April 2017, Sissay joined the Foundling Museum's board of trustees. Later that year it was announced that he would appear in a revival of Jim Cartwright's 1986 play Road at the Royal Court Theatre. In September 2017, Sissay used his position as chancellor of the University of Manchester to launch a new bursary with the purpose of increasing the numbers of black men taking up careers in law and criminal justice. The initiative, part of the university's school of law's Black Lawyers Matter project, was created after it was found that "out of some 1,200 undergraduates, only 14 UK-based Black males of African and Caribbean heritage were registered on law and criminology courses, and of these none were from lower socio-economic backgrounds".
In the same year, he staged a one-off show, entitled The Report, based on a psychologist's report about Sissay's early life and how it affected him. The show details his experience with social services, foster homes, abuse and his psychiatric diagnoses: post-traumatic stress disorder, avoidant personality disorder and alcohol use disorder. He brought a case against Wigan Council that was settled in 2018 with a six-figure payout and a formal apology to Sissay for the treatment he suffered when in care.
In June 2019 it was announced that Sissay had won the 2019 PEN Pinter Prize, awarded to writers who take an "unflinching, unswerving" view of the world, with one of the judging panel, Maureen Freely, saying: "In his every work, Lemn Sissay returns to the underworld he inhabited as an unclaimed child. From his sorrows, he forges beautiful words and a thousand reasons to live and love."
- Tender Fingers in a Clenched Fist. Bogle-L'Ouverture, 1988. ISBN 978-0-90452-144-3.
- Rebel Without Applause. Bloodaxe Books, 1992 (Canongate Books, 2000). ISBN 978-1-84195-001-3.
- Morning Breaks in the Elevator. Canongate Books, 1999. ISBN 978-1-84767-743-3.
- The Fire People (editor). Payback Press, 1998. ISBN 9780862417390.
- The Emperor's Watchmaker. Bloomsbury Children's Books, 2001. ISBN 978-0-74754-755-6.
- Listener, Canongate Books, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84195-895-8.
- Hidden Gems (ed. Deirdre Osborne; Sissay contributed "Something Dark"), Oberon Books, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84002-843-0.
- Refugee Boy, Bloomsbury stage adaptation of Benjamin Zephaniah's novel Refugee Boy, 2013. ISBN 978-1-47250-645-0
- My Name Is Why, autobiography of his early life, with observations on the British care system. Canongate Books, 2019. ISBN 978-1-78689-234-8
- Skeletons in the Cupboard (1993), Bury Metro Arts
- Don't Look Down (1993)
- Chaos by Design (1994), Community Arts Workshop
- Storm (2002), Contact Theatre
- Something Dark (2006), Battersea Arts Centre/Contact Theatre/Apples and Snakes
- Why I Don't Hate White People (2011), Hammersmith Lyric Theatre
- Refugee Boy (2013), West Yorkshire Playhouse
BBC radio playsEdit
- "No. 59282". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2009. p. 22.
- "Lemn Sissay". Canongate TV. September 2004. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Internal Flight". BBC2. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Lemn Sissay: A child of the state". TED. June 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Sissay, Lemn (2008). Something Dark. Oberon Books. ISBN 978-1-84002-843-0. Archived from the original on 15 April 2015.
- "Something Dark by Lemn Sissay". ABC Radio. 19 August 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Something Dark by Lemn Sissay". British Council. Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Lemn, Sissay (30 October 2012). "When I left care they said I was a great survivor". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Lemn, Sissay (8 March 2013). "One Extraordinary Woman in My World Now". lemnsissay.com. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Presenter: Kirsty Young; Interviewed guest: Lemn Sissay; Producer: Cathy Drysdale (11 October 2015). "Lemn Sissay". Desert Island Discs. 24:15 minutes in. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
- "The Power to Inspire". University of Huddersfield. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- Saadia Qamar (10 December 2012). "British poet Lemn Sissay leaves audience spellbound". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Speakers Lemn Sissay: Poet and playwright". TED. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Lemn Sissay". British Council. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
- "Foundling Fellows: Past Foundling Fellows: 2014: Coram Fellow". foundlingmuseum.org.uk. Foundling Museum. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Lemn Sissay announced as next University of Manchester Chancellor". University of Manchester. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- "Lemn Sissay installed as University of Manchester Chancellor". University of Manchester. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Sissay, Lemn (1 January 2016). "Orphans, foundlings and fostering in literature: a child's view of belonging". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Writer and performer: Lemn Sissay; Producer: Ed Morrish (3 October 2016). "The Bed Under the Stairs". Lemn Sissay's Origin Stories. BBC. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
- "Lemn Sissay MBE joins our Board of Trustees". foundlingmuseum.org.uk. Foundling Museum. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Royal Court Theatre announces cast for Jim Cartwright's play Road". British Theatre. 25 June 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Lemn Sissay launches scheme to boost black law students in Manchester". www.itv.com. ITV. 8 September 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Hattenstone, Simon (2 May 2017). "'I was dehumanised': Lemn Sissay on hearing his harrowing abuse report live on stage". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- Royle, Sara (9 October 2020). "Lemn Sissay: file it under now". Big Issue North.
- "Wigan poet receives apology over his childhood abuse in the care system". Wigan Today. 30 April 2018.
- Press Association (3 June 2019). "Poet and playwright Lemn Sissay wins the PEN Pinter prize". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
- "Lemn Sissay picks up Pen Pinter Prize". BBC News Online. 3 June 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
- Chandler, Mark (7 January 2020). "Child, Busby and Sissay join 2020 Booker Prize judging panel". The Bookseller. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
- "Saturday Playhouse: Chaos by Design: BBC Radio 4 FM, 10 May 1997". genome.ch.bbc.co.uk. BBC Genome Project. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "Lemn Sissay: Something Dark". norwichartscentre.co.uk. Norwich Arts Centre. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Written and performed by Lemn Sissay; Director: Claire Grove (16 October 2010). "Why I Don't Hate White People". The Wire. BBC. BBC Radio 3. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- Sissay, Lemn (20 August 2015). "Malcolm X's autobiography didn't change me, it saved me". The Guardian.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lemn Sissay.|
- Lemn Sissay website
- Lemn Sissay at the Guardian
- "Growing up in an alien environment", BBC 13 October 2006.
- "Intelligence Squared" "The voice at the back of the mind". (Video, 6 mins)
- Audio recordings. Discogs.
- Apples and Snakes profile
- Badilisha Poetry X-Change contributions
- Webcast Lemn Sissay & Fentahun Tiruneh, Library of Congress, 6 July 2015.