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Leixlip (/ˈlkslɪp/ or /ˈlslɪp/; Irish: Léim an Bhradáin) is a town in north-east County Kildare, Ireland, near Dublin. Its location on the confluence of the River Liffey and the Rye Water has marked it as a frontier town historically: on the border between the ancient kingdoms of Leinster and Brega, as an outpost of The Pale, and on Kildare's border with County Dublin.

Leixlip

Léim an Bhradáin
Town
The Wonderful Barn, Leixlip
The Wonderful Barn, Leixlip
Coat of arms of Leixlip
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Léim ar Aghaidh
"Leap Ahead"
Leixlip is located in Ireland
Leixlip
Leixlip
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°21′51″N 6°29′17″W / 53.36427°N 6.48807°W / 53.36427; -6.48807Coordinates: 53°21′51″N 6°29′17″W / 53.36427°N 6.48807°W / 53.36427; -6.48807
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyKildare
CouncilKildare County Council
Dáil ÉireannKildare North
European ParliamentDublin
Elevation
46 m (151 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Urban
15,504
Time zoneUTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
W23
Telephone area code01
Irish Grid ReferenceO003360
Websitekildare.ie/leixlip/
Map of Leixlip (from OpenStreetMap)

As of 2016, the population of the town was 15,504.[1] It is the fourth largest town in Kildare, and the 29th largest in Ireland.

Contents

NameEdit

The placename comes from the Old Norse lax hlaup (Younger Futhark: ᛚᛅᚼᛋ ᚼᛚᛅᚢᛒ; pronounced [laks l̥ɔup]) which means "salmon leap". The name in Irish (Léim an Bhradáin) is a direct translation of this, and was first adopted in the 1890s.[3] In Latin, it is Saltus salmonis, from which comes the names of the baronies of North Salt and South Salt.[4]

HistoryEdit

Leixlip was the site of the Battle of Confey, in which the Viking King Sigtrygg Caech of Dublin defeated the Irish King of Leinster around the year 917. The first settlement at Leixlip was an outpost of Early Scandinavian Dublin, built at the furthest point where longships could be rowed up the Liffey. Its status as an outpost of Dublin continued for centuries, marking a border of The Pale.[citation needed]

The town was home to Arthur Guinness's first brewery in 1755, where he brewed ales until he moved on to St. James's Gate Brewery, Dublin in 1759.[5]

The first history of the town was published in 2005.[6]

PoliticsEdit

Leixlip is part of the Kildare North constituency, which elects four members to Dáil Éireann.

Leixlip, with Celbridge, comprises the Celbridge-Leixlip electoral area, which elects seven members to Kildare County Council. Three of those members are based in Leixlip.[citation needed]

Between 1988–2014 Leixlip had a nine-member Town Council (formerly Leixlip Town Commissioners), headed by a Cathaoirleach (chairperson). In 1990, the town's coat of arms was presented by minister Pádraig Flynn. The Local Government Reform Act 2014 abolished town councils, including Leixlip's, in 2014.

TransportEdit

BusEdit

Dublin Bus provides services to Leixlip. Between the 66/A/B/E, Leixlip has a bus service in either direction typically at 15-minute intervals.

From Dublin city centre: the number 66 goes to Maynooth via Leixlip village;[12] the number 66A goes to Leixlip Confey via Leixlip village;[13] and the number 66B goes to Leixlip HP via Leixlip village.[14] All buses have equivalent return routes back to Dublin.

The number 66X "Xpresso" provides an express bus service from some parts of the town directly into Dublin City centre in the mornings, and return in the evenings.[15] The number 66N "Nitelink" provides a late night service on Friday and Saturday night from Dublin City centre to Leixlip.[16]

The Airport Hopper provides services to and from Dublin Airport.[17]

RailEdit

Leixlip is connected to the Irish railway network on the Dublin-Sligo railway line, running from Dublin Connolly to Sligo, with two stations, Leixlip (Louisa Bridge), opened on 1 September 1848, and Leixlip (Confey), opened on 2 July 1990,[18] located at either end of the town. While InterCity services to Sligo do not serve the town, the Maynooth/Longford Commuter services do, the frequency of the trains peaking in the mornings and evenings. Some of these services continue outbound to Mullingar and Longford. Leixlip has the distinction of being the only town in the Republic of Ireland with two operational train stations.[19]

 
In 1962 with the CIE 121 Class on a down train at Leixlip (Louisa Bridge).
 
Main Street in Leixlip

AirEdit

Weston Airport is a publicly licensed airport.[20] Its traffic is primarily private and commercial training. Dublin Airport is 20 minutes away from Leixlip via the M50 motorway.

Local attractionsEdit

Leixlip Castle. Built on a rock at the confluence of the River Liffey and the Rye Water, the central part of the castle dates from 1172, just after the Norman Invasion of 1171 and is one of the oldest continuously-inhabited buildings in Ireland, pre-dating Dublin Castle by 30 years. It was used as a hunting base by King John when Lord of Ireland in 1185. It was not of major military importance but withstood a 4-day siege by the army of Edward Bruce in 1316.

Bought by judge Nicholas White in 1567, it remained in his family until 1728, when Leixlip and 809 acres around it including the castle was then bought by William Conolly of nearby Castletown House for £12,000. His family sold it in 1914. Various famous tenants of the Conollys in the castle included Archbishop Stone, the Protestant Primate (1750s), the Viceroy Lord Townshend (1770s), Lord Waterpark, and Baron de Robeck (who drowned at the Salmon Leap). In the 1920s it was the residence of the first French ambassador to the Irish Free State. In 1945 the castle was sold to William Kavanagh, prior to the purchase in April 1958 by The Hon. Desmond Guinness.

Castletown House & The Wonderful Barn. Located off the main street of nearby Celbridge, Castletown House is the first grand Palladian House in Ireland – the design of the building led to the construction of Leinster House and from thence to the White House in Washington, D.C.. Begun in 1722 by Speaker William Conolly (1662–1729), Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, the lands and the house itself lie in Celbridge, however there is also an entrance from Leixlip, hence there are two modern housing estates bearing the Castletown name, one in each town. To mark the eastern vista of Castletown a conical shaped building – The Wonderful Barn – was constructed in 1743 with the stairs ascending around the exterior of the building.

St Catherine's Priory was an important monastery in the Middle Ages.

 
Waterfall in Leixlip Spa

A further point of interest is Confey Castle, which the British Publisher and Cartographer Samuel Lewis, mentions in the first volume of his 1837 work A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. In it he comments that Confey's (or Confoy as he spells it) population was 165, had formerly had a town and a castle of some importance, which were noticed by Camden. Of the tower's remains were a massive five-storey structure with turrets at the north and west angles; that at the north angle containing a winding staircase opening through pointed arches into each storey. The principal entrance was under a semicircular archway. In the war of 1688 the castle is said to have been strongly garrisoned, and to have sustained an attack.

Also of note is Leixlip Spa, a spa found by workmen working on the construction of the Royal Canal, which runs through Leixlip.

Leixlip's main attraction in the past was the Salmon Leap, from which the town is named, a 5-metre waterfall on the Liffey just upstream from the then village. This was a common destination for Dubliners wanting a day out in the country, and the Salmon Leap Inn was built to refresh them. A hydroelectric dam was completed in 1945 and its lake flooded the waterfall. The dam generates 4 Megawatts.[21]

ReligionEdit

Leixlip is divided into two Roman Catholic Church parishes, Leixlip (Our Lady's Nativity) and Confey (St. Charles Borromeo), each with its own parish church. The Church of Ireland parish of St Mary's also has a church in Leixlip, located in Main Street. This medieval church was restyled in the 1750s with Gothic windows, and its belltower clock dates from 1720. People from Our Lady's Nativity parish also have their own identity separate from people in the Confey parish. The Confey parish members are known as 'Hillers' and people from the Our Lady's Nativity parish are known as 'farenders'. There is the usual local rivalry associated with two different parishes which is particularly evident during sporting events.[citation needed]

Education and libraryEdit

As with religion and sports, education in Leixlip is divided by the two Catholic parishes of Leixlip (Our Lady's Nativity) and Confey (St. Charles Borromeo).[citation needed]

The respective schools in the Confey district are Confey Community College (a community school), Scoil San Carlo (Junior), and San Carlo Senior School (both national schools). The community school of Confey College has approximately 600 pupils in total, and similarly to Colaiste Chiarain is mixed gender and non-denominational. The name "San Carlo", while used as the Irish names of the national schools in the St Charles Borromeo parish, is actually the Italian rather than actual Irish translation (which would be "Naomh Cathal").

Leixlip also has one of the few Primary Montessori Schools in Ireland, Weston Primary Montessori School.[22] Established in 2016 by the parents and teachers of the former Glebe School,[citation needed] this school provides a Montessori education to children from 3–12 years and is located on the grounds of Barnhall Rugby Club.[citation needed]

A public library opened in Leixlip in May 2006. It is situated in Confey beside the Town Council Office. It is also near both Scoil San Carlo and Confey Train Station. Leixlip Library hosts a variety of events and activities as well as free Internet access to library members.[23]

Shopping and local businessesEdit

The town has three supermarkets – a SuperValu, Eurospar, Aldi, and Lidl. As well as Eurospar, there are also three Spar convenience stores, Mace and a Tuthill's in Leixlip. The Liffey Valley Shopping Centre is a short drive down the N4, and Leixlip is also within reach of Dublin's shopping areas, including Blanchardstown Shopping Centre.

In addition to local supermarkets and convenience stores there are several other local businesses. This includes businesses in the professional services sectors, such as solicitors, architects and insurance firms.[citation needed]

FestivalEdit

The Leixlip Festival (previously known as the Salmon Festival) has taken place every year since 1990 on the June bank holiday weekend. It offers live entertainment in pubs, a number of open-air concerts, street carnival and fireworks display.

Leixlip Salmon Festival Limited also provides a youth training scheme in association with Foras Áiseanna Saothair.

In recent years the festival has played host to bands such as The Coronas, Aslan, The Blizzards, The Hothouse Flowers, Republic of Loose, Delorentos and The Riptide Movement. Solo artists have also performed including Damien Dempsey and Niall Breslin.[citation needed]

IndustryEdit

Local Leixlip employers include Intel, who own a complex consisting of Fabs (fabrication plant) 10 & 14 (IFO), 24, and 24-2 of Intel's manufacturing operations. Hewlett-Packard is also a local employer.[citation needed] Most other employment in Leixlip is in retail businesses.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

SportsEdit

AthleticsEdit

Le Chéile Athletic Club was founded in 2003 to offer the youth of Leixlip, and trains at their facility at the Leixlip Amenities Centre.[citation needed]

CanoeingEdit

Salmon Leap Canoe Club founded in 1963 is located on the banks of Leixlip Lake. The club has won the Riba de Sella trophy more times than any other club in Ireland.[citation needed] One inspiration for the club was the international Liffey Descent canoe race from Straffan to Dublin, which passes through Leixlip and celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2009.[citation needed]

Gaelic gamesEdit

Leixlip has two Gaelic Athletic Association clubs, Leixlip GAA founded in 1887 and Confey GAA founded recently in 1989.

SoccerEdit

There are five amateur football clubs, Confey F.C., Leixlip United F.C., Leixlip Town FC, Barnhall Rovers and Liffey Athletic. Confey FC and Leixlip United FC both participate in Dublin District leagues (or in the case of both clubs' senior teams the Leinster Senior Football League). Leixlip Town FC on the other hand participate in the UCFL Dublin League. While Barnhall Rovers and Liffey Athletic compete in the Kildare & District Football League.

RugbyEdit

Barnhall Rugby Football Club, a rugby union club, which competes in the All-Ireland League is also located on the outskirts of the town in Parsonstown.

BasketballEdit

Liffey Celtics Basketball Club is the local basketball club for girls aged 7–18, and boys aged 7–16. Liffey Celtics' underage basketball teams compete in the Dublin Area Board League and Cup competitions.[citation needed] Training and home matches take place at the Leixlip Amenities Centre, Confey GAA hall, and Colaiste Cois Life (Lucan). The club has a senior women's team competing in the Basketball Ireland Premier League.

FishingEdit

Leixlip has been the host to coarse fishing competitions due to the permanently pegged stretch of the Royal Canal. The Leixlip stretch consists of 62 marked pegs and there is also the Confey stretch consisting of sixty pegs. The Rye river runs through Carton Demesne and through the Intel Ireland site. The Leixlip stretch is controlled by the Leixlip and District Angling Association.

Golf, Pitch & PuttEdit

Golfing facilities are available at Elm Hall Golf Club on the Loughlinstown Road as well as two 18 hole pitch & putt courses.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Leixlip is twinned with the following towns:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Leixlip". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Leixlip History: History of Leixip Archives". www.kildare.ie.
  3. ^ Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  4. ^ "The Record Interpreter: A Collection of Abbreviations, Latin Words and Names Used in English Historical Manuscripts and Records". Genealogical Publishing Com. 22 September 2011 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Diageo names Leixlip as site of new Guinness brewery". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  6. ^ John Colgan, "Leixlip, County Kildare" (2005) ISBN 978-0-9507489-1-7
  7. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie.
  8. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 15 December 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  11. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.[dead link]
  12. ^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/66/
  13. ^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/66a/
  14. ^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/66b/
  15. ^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/66x/
  16. ^ http://www.dublinbus.ie/Your-Journey1/Timetables/All-Timetables/66n/
  17. ^ http://www.airporthopper.ie/
  18. ^ "Leixlip Confey station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  19. ^ "Travel & Station Information".
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ http://www.westonpm.com/
  23. ^ "Kildare Library and Arts Service - Home Page". www.kildare.ie.
  24. ^ "Lily Allen: What's Up Tiger Lily?". stevecummins.com. 9 July 2011. He lives in Dunboyne, but I lived in Leixlip for about a year and a half," she explains. "My mom was doing a film in Ireland called Hear My Song. I was really young, like six or seven at the time. Weirdly enough, he was in the same school as me in Leixlip [...]
  25. ^ "Trevor Brennan to make his homecoming on RTÉ tonight". The42.ie. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Leixlip woman Emma Byrne has found a new club after ending 17-year stint with Arsenal". Kildare Now. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Boys International - Jake Carroll". FAI Schools. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015.
  28. ^ https://www.pressreader.com/ireland/sunday-independent-ireland-sport/20180520/282067687591088
  29. ^ "Going solo on the side". Irish Times. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  30. ^ "Matt Goff - Legend of Leixlip and Kildare". Kildare County Library. November 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  31. ^ "Leixlip History: Leixlip Around 1798 Archives". Kildare County Library. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  32. ^ "Matthews' timely advice for future footballers". Irish Times. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Interview: Enda Murphy". Leinster Leader. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  34. ^ "Jack O'Shea – King of the Kingdom". Irelands Own. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  35. ^ "St Mary's Graveyard, Main Street, Leixlip". Kildare.ie. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Stokes happy to be back in Ireland away from 'fake football' across the water". Independent News & Media. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  37. ^ "Niles Sister Cities". Official website. The Village of Niles. 2010. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010.

External linksEdit