|Died||23 July 2020 (aged 96)|
|Occupation(s)||Actress, theatre director|
Early life and educationEdit
Leida Rammo was the eldest of two children born in Tallinn to Magnus Siigur and Alide Marie Johanna Rammo. Her younger sister was children's author and dramaturge Helju Rammo (1926–1998). Her maternal grandmother was an Estonian Swede and her first cousin was poet Adolf Rammo.
Rammo's mother supported the family as a flower seller and raised the children alone. Her parents were not married and she and her sister took their mother's maiden name. Although her father lived in Tallinn, Rammo had little interaction with him whilst growing up. Since early childhood, she was interested in theatre and had aspired to become an actress. She attended primary and secondary schools in Tallinn, graduating from Tallinn IV Gymnasium in 1942 while Estonia was under German occupation during World War II.
Shortly after graduating from secondary school, Rammo left Estonia to work as an au pair and domestic servant for a Spanish-born woman and her German husband in Aussig, in the German-annexed Sudetenland. As the war dragged on, Rammo, along with the family, moved to Vienna, where she also studied drama until the continuation of the war forced her abandon her studies. While in Austria, she lived through the Allied air raids and the Vienna Offensive.
Rammo had lost contact with her mother and sister during the later stages of the war and assumed they had fled Estonia for Sweden when the Soviets reoccupied the country in 1944. Following the end of hostilities, she became a displaced person and met a young Belgian man named François on a train who offered her a place to stay with his family in Liège.
After several months in Belgium, she contemplated emigrating to the United States of America, but ultimately decided to return to Estonia, which had been reoccupied and annexed by the Soviet Union. When she arrived back in Estonia she was surprised to find that her mother and sister had remained in the country.
In 1946, she enrolled in the now defunct Estonian State Theatre Institute in Tallinn to study acting, graduating in 1950. Among her graduating classmates were actors Olev Tinn, Einari Koppel, and Linda Rummo, and filmmaker Leida Laius.
Leida Rammo has had a prolific career as a stage actress; in 1950, she began her first engagement at the Tallinn State Drama Theatre (now, the Estonian Drama Theatre). Throughout her over seventy-year career, she has held engagements at nearly every major theatre in Estonia, including the Estonian National Opera, Endla Theatre, Estonian SSR State Youth Theatre (now, the Tallinn City Theatre), and Rakvere Theatre, and has appeared as an actress on the stages of numerous other theatres throughout the country. She has also worked as a theatre director, notably at the A. H. Tammsaare Folk Theater between 1958 and 1963 and again from 1972 until 1984, the Paul Pinna Folk Theatre from 1963 until 1965, and at the Noorus Folk Theatre from 1966 until 1968.
In 2015, the Estonian National Culture Foundation helped establish the Leida Rammo City Theatre Foundation with the aim of recognizing and supporting the creative endeavors of individuals within the Tallinn City Theatre. A scholarship has been awarded annually to those associated with the theatre. Past recipients include Külli Teetamm and Indrek Ojari (2016), Epp Eespäev (2017), Alo Kõrve (2018), and Hele Kõrve (2019).
Film and televisionEdit
In addition to her roles on stage, Leida Rammo had an extensive film career, appearing in over thirty feature films. Her first significant film role was that of Lisete in the 1964 Grigori Kromanov and Jüri Müür-directed Tallinnfilm epic-drama Põrgupõhja uus Vanapagan, based on the 1939 novel of the same name by A. H. Tammsaare. Rammo, however, was initially displeased when she saw herself in film dailies and was overly-critical of her appearance and acting, but the following year accepted a smaller role in the Tallinnfilm drama Mäeküla piimamees, directed by former Estonian State Theatre Institute classmate Leida Laius, and adapted from the 1916 novel of the same name by Eduard Vilde. In 1967, she appeared as Klara Kukk in the popular Veljo Käsper-directed Tallinnfilm comedy Viini postmark and followed with the role of Hermiine in the 1968 Kaljo Kiisk-directed Tallinnfilm historic-thriller Hullumeelsus.
Rammo worked steadily in films throughout the 1970s. Some notable performances of the era include the roles of Elve in the 1972 Kaljo Kiisk-directed drama Maaletulek, and as Laine in the 1972 Sulev Nõmmik-directed comedy television film Noor pensionär for Eesti Telefilm. In 1983, she appeared in the Kaljo Kiisk-directed Nipernaadi, an adaptation of August Gailit's 1928 novel Toomas Nipernaadi. In 1985, she appeared in the role of Anna on the Eesti Televisioon (ETV) series Rudolf ja Irma, based on the 1934 novel Elu ja armastus by A. H. Tammsaare. In 1988, she played the role of Marta Tooming in the Leida Laius-directed drama Varastatud kohtumine.
Rammo continued to appear in films throughout the 1990s, albeit often in smaller roles. Some notable performances of the era include the 1992 Lembit Ulfsak-directed family-comedy film Lammas all paremas nurgas, the 1995 Andrew Grieve-directed English and Estonian language drama Kirjad idast, and the 1998 Rao Heidmets-directed family film Kallis härra Q, which was an adaptation of story of the same name by children's author Aino Pervik. Rammo's film roles continued into the 2000s and 2010s, with her last film role at age ninety-one in the 2015 Klaus Härö-directed Golden Globe Award-nominated historic-drama Vehkleja, starring Märt Avandi.
In her eighties and nineties, Rammo also appeared in a number of small roles or guest roles on Estonian television in the late 2000s and 2010s: the Kanal 2 crime series Kelgukoerad in 2007, the TV3 comedy-crime series Kättemaksukontor in 2010, the TV3 comedy series Ment in 2012, and the TV3 comedy series Padjaklubi in 2014.
Personal life and deathEdit
Leida Rammo was married to journalist Avo Lorents, who died in 1986. The couple have one child; a daughter named Kai. She was a grandmother and great-grandmother. Rammo had been an outspoken atheist since she was a young girl.
In 2013, a documentary titled August välja, directed by Peter Murdmaa, was released which chronicled Rammo's life. In 2014, theatre critic and scholar Eike Värk penned a biography about Leida Rammo titled Leida Rammo värvilised maailmad, published by Tänapäev.
- Vainküla, Kirsti (16 April 2003). "Leida Rammo: Tahtsin näitlejaks. Ma ei tahtnud olla mina ise". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Meie seast lahkus 96-aastasena näitleja Leida Rammo". Kroonika (in Estonian). 23 July 2020. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
- Nõu, Ursula (6 August 2016). "Leida Rammo: pidin juba viieaastaselt oma noorema õe kasvatajaks hakkama". Eesti Päevaleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Kulli, Jaanus (21 April 2014). "Leida Rammo: "Vanadus on üks nihu asi, ainult et sa pead oskama sellega toime tulla."". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Aarma, Jüri (1 November 2009). "Leida Rammo: Kahetseda pole küll midag". Maaleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Lomp, Loora-Elisabet (23 July 2020). "Suri näitleja Leida Rammo". Postimees (in Estonian). Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- "Leida Rammo vaimu hoiab ärksana uudishimu". Naisteleht (in Estonian). 19 April 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Väikeinvestor Leida Rammo aktsiaid müüa ei kavatse". Äripäev (in Estonian). 26 March 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Leida Rammo Linnateatri fond". Eesti Rahvuskultuuri Fond (in Estonian). 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Leida Rammo Linnateatri Fondi stipendiumi pälvis Alo Kõrve". Eesti Rahvusringhääling (in Estonian). 7 November 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Leida Rammo Linnateatri Fondi stipendiumi pälvis Hele Kõrve". Teater.ee (in Estonian). 11 December 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- "Kommentaare Eesti filmile: Põrgupõhja uus Vanapagan". Eesti Rahvusringhääling (in Estonian). 1996. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Ela sajani: Leida Rammo". Eesti Rahvusringhääling (in Estonian). 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Galerii. PÖFF tähistas filmi "Hullumeelsus" 50. sünnipäeva". Eesti Rahvusringhääling (in Estonian). 11 November 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Viira, Aigi (18 January 2018). "Leida Rammo: mängisin „Viini postmargi" võtetel, et olen Jüri Järveti tegelasse armunud, ja tema ehmatas nii ära!". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Nipernaadi". Eesti Rahvusbibliograafia (in Estonian). 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Tooming, Rando (14 October 2009). "Leida Rammo: "Kui saan näitlejana olla keegi teine, olen õnnelik."". Eesti Rahvusbibliograafia (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Varastatud kohtumine". Eesti filmi andmebaas (in Estonian). 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "The Fencer". The Golden Globes. 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "The Fencer". Allfilm. 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- ""MENT" – elu on karm, aga nalja peab saama". Maaleht (in Estonian). 28 July 2012. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Käänik, Kaspar (21 November 2008). "Legendaarne Leida Rammo teeb sarjasutse". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Leivak, Verni (23 February 2008). "Seltsimees Tasku lapsepõlv". Postimees (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "94-aastane Leida Rammo ootab oma surma: vanainimesel ei ole võimalust otsustada, millal ta maailmast lahkub, seda peetakse kuriteoks!". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). 30 December 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- "Suri näitleja Leida Rammo". Õhtuleht (in Estonian). 24 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
- Sein, Katriin Eikin (29 July 2020). "Actress Leida Rammo dies at 96". Eesti Rahvusringhääling (in Estonian). Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- "Leida Rammo värvilised maailmad". Tänapäev (in Estonian). 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
- Värk, Eike (2014). Leida Rammo värvilised maailmad (in Estonian). Tallinn: Tänapäev. ISBN 9789949274819.
- Samolberg-Palmi, Eva (5 February 2015). ""Valgetähesadu tunnustab kultuurirahvast", Virumaa Teataja, 5. veebruar 2015". President of Estonia (in Estonian). Retrieved 25 January 2019.