Legislative districts of Misamis Oriental

The Legislative Districts of Misamis Oriental are the representations of the province of Misamis Oriental in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The province is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first and second congressional districts.

Camiguin and Cagayan de Oro last formed part of its representation in 1969 and 1972, respectively.

HistoryEdit

Prior to gaining separate representation, most areas now under the jurisdiction of Misamis Oriental were represented under the former province of Misamis (1907–1931). Exceptions are territories which were annexed in 1921 from Bukidnon and thus formed part of the representation of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu from 1917 to 1922: Napaliran (annexed to Balingasag in 1921), Claveria (became a municipality in 1950),[1] Lourdez (distributed between Alubijid, El Salvador, Initao, Manticao and Opol in 1955)[2] and Lumbia (distributed between Cagayan de Oro and Opol in 1954).[3]

The approval of Act No. 3537 on November 2, 1929 split the old Misamis Province into Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental, and provided each successor province a separate representative in the Philippine Assembly.[4] The new province of Misamis Oriental first elected its own representative in the 1931 elections. The province also remained part of the eleventh senatorial district which elected two out of the 24-member upper house of the Philippine Legislature when senators were still elected from territory-based districts until 1935.

During the Second World War, the Province of Misamis Oriental sent two delegates to the National Assembly of the Japanese-sponsored Second Philippine Republic: one was the provincial governor (an ex officio member), while the other was elected through a provincial assembly of KALIBAPI members during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Upon the restoration of the Philippine Commonwealth in 1945 the province retained its pre-war lone congressional district.

Even after receiving their own city charters, Cagayan de Oro and Gingoog remained part of the representation of the Province of Misamis Oriental by virtue of Section 90 of Republic Act No. 521 (June 15, 1950)[5] and Section 89 of Republic Act No. 2668 (June 18, 1960),[6] respectively.

The passage of Republic Act No. 4669 on June 18, 1966 separated the sub-province of Camiguin from Misamis Oriental and constituted it into an independent province; per Section 4 of the said law, the incumbent representative for Misamis Oriental continued representing the new province until its separate representative was elected in the November 1969 elections.[7]

Misamis Oriental was represented in the Interim Batasang Pambansa as part of Region X from 1978 to 1984. The province returned two representatives, elected at large, to the Regular Batasang Pambansa in 1984. Cagayan de Oro separately elected its own representative starting that year.

Under the new Constitution which was proclaimed on February 11, 1987, the province was reapportioned into two congressional districts;[8] each elected its member to the restored House of Representatives starting that same year.

1st DistrictEdit

Period Representative[10]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Isacio A. Pelaez
9th Congress
1992–1995
Homobono T. Cesar
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Oscar S. Moreno
12th Congress
2001–2004
13th Congress
2004–2007
Danilo P. Lagbas[a]
14th Congress
2007–2010
vacant
15th Congress
2010–2013
Peter M. Unabia
16th Congress
2013–2016
17th Congress
2016–2019
18th Congress
2019–2022
Christian S. Unabia

Notes

  1. ^ Died on June 8, 2008;[10] seat remained vacant until the end of the 13th Congress.

2nd DistrictEdit

Period Representative[10]
8th Congress
1987–1992
Victorico L. Chaves
9th Congress
1992–1995
10th Congress
1995–1998
11th Congress
1998–2001
Augusto H. Baculio
12th Congress
2001–2004
13th Congress
2004–2007
14th Congress
2007–2010
Yevgeny Vincente B. Emano
15th Congress
2010–2013
16th Congress
2013–2016
Juliette T. Uy
17th Congress
2016–2019
18th Congress
2019–2022

Lone District (defunct)Edit

1931–1969Edit

Period Representative[10]
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Isidro Vamenta
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Segundo Gaston
1st National Assembly
1935–1938
Leon Borromeo
2nd National Assembly
1938–1941
Isidro Vamenta
1st Commonwealth Congress
1941–1946
Jose Artadi
1st Congress
1946–1949
Pedro S. Baculio
2nd Congress
1949–1953
Emmanuel N. Pelaez
3rd Congress
1953–1957
Ignacio S. Cruz
4th Congress
1957–1961
Fausto Dugenio
5th Congress
1961–1965
Vicente B. De Lara
6th Congress
1965–1969
Emmanuel N. Pelaez[a]
vacant

Notes

  1. ^ Elected to the Senate in the 1967 elections;[10] seat remained vacant until the end of the 6th Congress.

1969–1972Edit

Period Representative[10]
7th Congress
1969–1972
Pedro M. Roa

At-Large (defunct)Edit

1943–1944Edit

Period Representatives[10]
National Assembly
1943–1944
Isidro Vamenta[11]
Jose Artadi (ex officio)[11]

1984–1986Edit

Period Representatives[10]
Regular Batasang Pambansa
1984–1986
Homobono A. Adaza
Concordio C. Diel

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Magsaysay, Ramon (July 22, 1950). "Executive Order No. 334, s. 1950 — Converting the Municipal District of Claveria, Province of Oriental Misamis, into a regular municipality". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  2. ^ Magsaysay, Ramon (February 9, 1955). "Executive Order No. 96, s. 1955 — Merging the municipal district of Lourdez in the Province of Misamis Oriental with the municipalities of Alubijid, El Salvador, Initao, Manticao and Opol, same province". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  3. ^ Magsaysay, Ramon (May 26, 1954). "Executive Order No. 38, s. 1954 — Merging the Municipal District of Lumbia in the Province of Misamis Oriental with the Municipality of Opol, same province, and the City of Cagayan de Oro". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 21, 2017.
  4. ^ Philippine Legislature (1930). Public Laws enacted by the Philippine Legislature during the period August 9, 1929 to February 7, 1930 comprising Acts Nos. 3529 to 3672 (Digitized and uploaded by University of Michigan on March 9, 2016). Bureau of Printing. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  5. ^ Congress of the Philippines (June 15, 1950). "Republic Act No. 521 – An Act Creating the City of Cagayan de Oro". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  6. ^ Congress of the Philippines (June 18, 1960). "Republic Act No. 2668 – An Act Creating the City of Gingoog". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  7. ^ Congress of the Philippines (June 18, 1966). "Republic Act No. 4669 - An Act separating the Subprovince of Camiguin from the Province of Misamis Oriental and establishing it as an independent province". Chan Robles Law Library. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  8. ^ 1986 Constitutional Commission (February 2, 1987). "1987 Constitution of the Philippines - Apportionment Ordinance". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Population of Population of Legislative Districts by Region, Province, and Selected Highly Urbanized/Component City: 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2015. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Congressional Library Bureau. "Roster of Philippine Legislators". Republic of the Philippines, House of Representatives. Retrieved November 19, 2017.
  11. ^ a b Official program of the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines and the induction into office of His Excellency Jose P. Laurel. Bureau of Printing. 1943.