Legality of bestiality by country or territory

Legality of bestiality by country or territory concerns the laws governing humans performing sex acts with non-human animals. Laws against humans performing sex acts on animals, where they exist, are concerned with the actual act, which it commonly refers to as bestiality, rather than the sexual attraction to animals. For this reason, prohibitions of zoophilic pornography are more varied; they may be unlawful if an actual sex act with an animal is involved, but the status is not clear-cut if there is a mere representation, such as a painting or cartoon. In that case, normal obscenity laws will normally apply. All zoophilic imagery is widely regarded as pornography.

Political partiesEdit

On 21 April 2015, the Liberal Alliance was the only party in the Danish Folketing to oppose and vote against banning bestiality, while the Red-Green Alliance abstained. Liberal Alliance MP Joachim Olsen said about the bill: "Best case, this is a superficial law. Worst case, it is political populism and moralism".[1][2]

OrganizationsEdit

Denmark's Animal Ethics Council opposed banning bestiality in Denmark in 2006 and 2015, saying existing laws which allow bestiality except in cases where the animal can be proved to have suffered were enough.[3][4]

ObjectivesEdit

Laws on bestiality tend to be shaped by animal welfare concerns, moral views, and cultural beliefs. In many cultures, humans are seen as fundamentally different from other animals and having sex with animals is seen as defilement.[5]

One of the primary critiques of bestiality is that it is harmful to animals and necessarily abusive, because animals are unable to give or withhold consent.[6]

BackgroundEdit

International differencesEdit

Some jurisdictions list laws very clearly, such as England and Wales, which specifically prohibits penetration of a human being by the penis of an animal, and penetration of an animal by a human's penis.[7]

By contrast, many countries and US states are less precise about the scope of law in that they outlaw sex with animals, without defining what constitutes "sex".

Even if bestiality is not explicitly prohibited, there are often many other laws which can be used to effectively prosecute cases. For example, most countries have animal cruelty laws, and a prosecutor will argue that all zoophilia activity is animal abuse.[8] In some U.S. states, a person who engages in bestiality can be charged with animal cruelty.[9]

Prohibitions without specific bestiality statutesEdit

Some countries have a range of laws on their books. Sometimes sodomy laws or "crime against nature" laws are used to prosecute people who have sex with animals.

In the case of Kenneth Pinyan, who died from injuries sustained from receiving anal sex from a horse, local law enforcement found that there were no laws that allowed them to prosecute his friend, who had filmed the event and also allowed himself to be sodomized by the horse. The friend was prosecuted for trespassing. That case prompted the Washington State legislature to draw up legislation outlawing sex with animals.[10]

In a 2005 Florida case, a man who had sex with his dog was charged with disorderly conduct, since the state had no anti-bestiality laws on the books at the time.[11] On 1 October 2011, the state of Florida State Law 828.126, F.S went into effect, banning sex with animals.[12]

Laws against sex with animalsEdit

Aggrawal has discussed extensively on laws against bestiality.[13] It is permitted in a few countries although ordinary animal treatment laws apply.

There are also commonly laws against forcing another person to engage in sexual activity with other animals, especially minors (usually considered equivalent to rape), and laws related to exposing others (either non-consensually or minors) to the sight of a sexual act. In some jurisdictions, laws against zoophilia conduct also include provisions for seizure of animals where convicted.

Zoophilic pornographyEdit

The legality of pornography has three components: legality of production, legality of sale and transportation, and legality of ownership. In general, animal pornography is legal to produce where both zoophilic activity and the creation of pornography in general are legal. Laws concerning sale, transmission and ownership vary more widely.

Erotic art, such as animal pornography in cartoons and the like, which does not require the recording of an actual sexual act, are not usually considered sex with animals by the law, and so their status depends upon more general laws such as legal limits upon obscenity or pornography alone, and the thin line between erotic art and pornography.

National lawsEdit

Laws affecting zoophilic activities vary across different countries and other sub-national jurisdictions. In general, these laws regulate performing or receiving sexual activity from non-human animals, or the sale, distribution, and ownership of zoophilic pornography.

 
Worldwide legality of zoophilia by country or territory
Legal:
  Legal
Illegal:
  Unenforced penalty
  Unknown punishment
  Whipping
  Determined by judge
  Fine (penalty) if the animal is forced, legal if the animal is not forced
  Fine (penalty)
  Imprisonment
  Up to life in prison
  Death penalty
Other:
  Unknown status


AfricaEdit

Northern AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Algeria ❌ Illegal since 8 June 1966

Penalty: Maximum of three years in prison and a fine 10,000 Algerian dinars[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Canary Islands
(Autonomous community of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Ceuta
(Autonomous city of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Egypt ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Libya ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Madeira
(Autonomous region of Portugal)
❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Melilla
(Autonomous city of Spain)
❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[15][16]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Morocco ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  South Sudan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Sudan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Tunisia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Benin ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Burkina Faso ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cape Verde ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Côte d'Ivoire ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Gambia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Ghana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Guinea ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guinea-Bissau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Liberia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mali ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Mauritania ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Niger ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Nigeria ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Senegal ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Sierra Leone ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Togo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Central AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Cameroon ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment [17]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Central African Republic ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Chad ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Democratic Republic of the Congo   Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Equatorial Guinea ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Gabon ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Republic of the Congo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  São Tomé and Príncipe ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southeast AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Burundi ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment, maximum of three years' imprisonment, fine of fifty thousand to one hundred thousand francs, or both[19]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Kenya ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment or the common law offense[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Rwanda ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of two years' imprisonment[20]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Uganda ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Tanzania ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Horn of AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Djibouti ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Eritrea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of six months in prison and a fine 20,000 Nakfas[21]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Ethiopia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Imprisonment[22]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Somalia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Somaliland ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Indian Ocean StatesEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  British Indian Ocean Territory
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Comoros ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands
(Overseas territory of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Madagascar   Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mauritius ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mayotte
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Réunion
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Seychelles ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southern AfricaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Angola   Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Botswana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of seven years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Eswatini (Swaziland) ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Lesotho ❌ Illegal[24] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Malawi ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years' imprisonment, with or without corporal punishment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mozambique   Legal[18] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Namibia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Determined by judge[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  South Africa ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Determined by judge[25]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years in prison and R200,000 fine[26]

❓ Unknown
  Zambia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Zimbabwe ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Up to one year in prison[27]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

AmericasEdit

North AmericaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Bermuda
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Canada ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Up to 10 years in prison[28]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Greenland
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Pierre et Miquelon
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
MexicoEdit
Country, federal district, or state Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Mexico N/A N/A N/A
  Aguascalientes ❌ Illegal since 2009[29]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Baja California ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Baja California Sur ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Campeche ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Chiapas ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Chihuahua ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Coahuila ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Colima ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Durango ❌ Illegal since 2013[30]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guanajuato ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guerrero ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Hidalgo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jalisco ❌ Illegal since 2012[31]

Penalty: ❓ unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Michoacán ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Morelos ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mexico ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mexico City ❌ Illegal[32]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Nayarit ❌ Illegal since 2006[33]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Nuevo León ❌ Illegal since 2016[34]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Oaxaca ❌ Illegal since 2015

Penalty: Maximum of one year in prison and a fine of 800 days of salary[35]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Puebla ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Querétaro ❌ Illegal since 2009[36]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Quintana Roo ❌ Illegal since 2013[37]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  San Luis Potosí ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Sinaloa ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Sonora ❌ Illegal[38]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tabasco ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tamaulipas ❌ Illegal since 2010[39]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tlaxcala ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Veracruz ❌ Illegal since 2010[40]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Yucatán ❌ Illegal since 2011[41]

'Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Zacatecas ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
United StatesEdit

Central AmericaEdit

In the early 2000s, sex with animals was legal in all Central American countries except Belize. From 2011 to 2017, all Central American countries banned it.

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Belize ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Clipperton Island
(Overseas minor territory of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Costa Rica ❌ Illegal since 2015[42][43]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  El Salvador ❌ Illegal since 2016[44][45]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guatemala ❌ Illegal since 2017[46][47]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal since 2017[46][47]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown
  Honduras ❌ Illegal since 2015[48]

Penalty: Seizure of animals, and 10 minimum salaries to 25 minimum salaries

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Nicaragua ❌ Illegal since 2011[49]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Panama ❌ Illegal since 2012[50]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

CaribbeanEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Anguilla
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Antigua and Barbuda ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Aruba
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bahamas ❓ Unknown ♠ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Barbados ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  British Virgin Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Caribbean Netherlands
(Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba; Special municipalities of the Netherlands)
  Legal. ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cayman Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
  Legal. ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cuba ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Curaçao
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Dominica ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Dominican Republic ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Grenada ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guadeloupe
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guantanamo Bay Naval Base
(Extraterritorial jurisdiction of the United States)
  Legal for civilians

❌ Illegal for armed service members since 16 September 2016


Penalty: Maximum of dishonorable discharge, forfeiture of all pay and allowances, and confinement for 5 years.[51][52][53]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Haiti Unclear/Unknown. "Mistreatment of animals" is illegal in Haiti since 1835, but bestiality was not specifically named in the criminal code. A 2020 legal reform published by President of Haiti Jovenel Moïse specifies it is a crime "to force anyone to have sex with a beast". It makes no mention of voluntary sex with a beast.[54] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jamaica   Legal for foreigners from other countries. ❌ Illegal for registered Rastafari.

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment and hard labor[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Martinique
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Montserrat
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of the United States)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 6 months in prison and a $25,000 fine[55][56]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Barthélemy
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Kitts and Nevis ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/

Penalty: Maximum of four years' imprisonment, with or without hard labor for buggery
Maximum of four years' imprisonment for attempted buggery[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Lucia ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/

Penalty: Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Martin
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ❌ Illegal/Unenforced/.

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Sint Maarten
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Trinidad and Tobago ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Turks and Caicos Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
15px Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  United States Virgin Islands
(Insular area of the United States)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years' imprisonment[57]

❌ Illegal/Uneforced/[57]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal/Unenforced/[57]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

South AmericaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Argentina   Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bolivia ❌ Illegal since 1 July 2015

Penalty: Maximum of 1 year's imprisonment and a fine of 60 days, or lose work benefits of 6 months[58]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Brazil ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal[59] ❌ Illegal[59]
  Chile   Legal[60] It can be prosecuted under Law 21020 if the animal is hurt[61] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Colombia ❌ Illegal since 2015

Penalty: Maximum of 63 months' imprisonment or a minimum of 21 months' imprisonment, special inability of 1.75 to 5.25 years for the exercise of profession, trade, trade or tenure related to animals, and a maximum fine of 105 minimum wages or a minimum of 8.75 minimum wages[62][63]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Ecuador ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 8 years in prison[64]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Falkland Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  French Guiana
(Overseas department of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guyana ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Paraguay ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Peru ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Suriname ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Uruguay ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Venezuela ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

AsiaEdit

Central AsiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Kazakhstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Kyrgyzstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tajikistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Turkmenistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Uzbekistan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

EurasiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Akrotiri and Dhekelia
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[65]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Armenia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cyprus ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[66]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Georgia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment, maximum of five years' imprisonment[67]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Northern Cyprus ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western AsiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Bahrain ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Iran ❌ Illegal

Penalty: The first three convictions are determined by a judge and the fourth offense is capital punishment[68]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Iraq ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Israel ❌ No specific laws against bestiality[69], but prosecuted as animal abuse[70] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jordan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Kuwait ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Lebanon ❌ Illegal since 1 March 1943

Penalty: Maximum of one year's imprisonment[14][71]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Oman ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Palestine ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Qatar ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Saudi Arabia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Syria ❌ Illegal since 22 June 1949

Penalty: Maximum of three years' imprisonment[14][72]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  United Arab Emirates ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Yemen ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal

Southern AsiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Afghanistan ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Bangladesh ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment (Unenforced)[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Bhutan ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of one year imprisonment[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  India ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Maldives ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of thirty months' imprisonment[14][74]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Nepal ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Pakistan ❌ Illegal since 25 July 1828 (As part of Company rule in India)

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14][73]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Sri Lanka ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years' imprisonment (Unenforced)[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown

Eastern AsiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  China ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Hong Kong
(Special administrative region of China)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 10 years in prison and $50,000 fine[75]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Japan   Legal (Generally no laws on bestiality)[76] Unknown Unknown
  Macau
(Special administrative region of China)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Mongolia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  North Korea ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  South Korea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of one year in prison or fines which can total up to 20 million

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Taiwan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Southeast AsiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Brunei ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of capital punishment[77]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Myanmar ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of life imprisonment[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cambodia   Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  East Timor ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Laos ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Malaysia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of twenty years' imprisonment and shall also be brought to whipping[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Philippines ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Singapore ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of two years in prison and fine (Unenforced)[78]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Thailand ❌ Illegal since 2014

Penalty: Imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year. A fine of 20,000 baht also applies[79]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Vietnam ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
Republic of IndonesiaEdit
Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Indonesia ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Aceh ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 100 whips[80]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bali ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bangka Belitung Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Banten ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bengkulu ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Central Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Central Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Central Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  East Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  East Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  East Nusa Tenggara ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Gorontalo ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jakarta ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jambi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Lampung ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Maluku ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  North Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  North Maluku ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  North Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  North Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Papua ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Riau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Riau Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Southeast Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  South Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  South Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  South Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Java ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Kalimantan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Nusa Tenggara ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Papua ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Sulawesi ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  West Sumatra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Yogyakarta ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

EuropeEdit

Central EuropeEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Austria ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a year's imprisonment and a fine of 360 days' rates[81]

  Legal[81]
  Croatia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Czech Republic ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a 1 year's imprisonment, prohibition to undertake an activity, or to confiscation of a thing or another property value[82]

  Legal[83]
  Germany ❌ Illegal since 2013 13th provision.[84] The law was unsuccessfully challenged in 2016[85][86][87][88][89]

Penalty: Maximum of a €25,000 fine[90]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a fine or 3 years' imprisonment[91][92]

  Legal (as long as it is not owned with intention of publicizing, sharing or selling)[91][92]
  Hungary   Legal[15][93] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Liechtenstein ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Poland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 3 years in prison, donation to animal welfare charity and prohibition of owning an animal for up to 10 years (if done in order to distribute or sell the penalty is increased to a minimum of 6 months and maximum of 8 years in prison)[15][94]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum 5 years' to a minimum of 3 months' imprisonment[95]

  Legal (if not possessed with intent to sell or distribute)
  Romania   Legal[15] ❓ Unknown; Law only mentions a ban on "sites with […] zoophilic content", which are to be blocked by ISPs at the request of the National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications[96]   Legal[96]
  Slovakia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Slovenia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Switzerland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Imprisonment (In the case of repeated or serious infringements, authorities may prohibit the keeping or breeding of animals for trade or professional occupation)[97]

❌ Illegal[98]

Penalty: A fine or a Maximum of 3 years imprisonment

❌ Illegal

Penalty: A fine or a Maximum of 1 year imprisonment

Eastern EuropeEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Abkhazia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Armenia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Azerbaijan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Belarus   Legal[99] ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Georgia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Kazakhstan ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Moldova ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Artsakh ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Russia   Legal, unless animal is hurt (no explicit law)[100] ❌ Illegal[citation needed]

Penalty: Minimum 1 year of imprisonment. Maximum 2 years.

Or a fine.


  Legal
  South Ossetia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Transnistria[101] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Ukraine ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown

Northern EuropeEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Denmark ❌ Illegal since 1 July 2015

Penalty: Fine or a maximum of 4 months in prison[102][103]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Estonia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Faroe Islands
(Constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Finland   Legal since 15 January 1971[104][105] ❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

  Iceland Illegal since 1 January 2014[106] ❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Latvia ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Lithuania ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❓ Unknown
  Norway ❌ Illegal since 2008[107]

Penalty: Fine and/or maximum of 3 years in prison.[108]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Sweden ❌ Illegal since 2014

Penalty: Fine, maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, or both[109]

Southern EuropeEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Albania ✔️ legal ✔️ legal ✔️ legal
  Andorra ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bosnia and Herzegovina ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Bulgaria ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal
  Gibraltar
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Greece ❌ Illegal[110] ❌ illegal[110] ❌ illegal[110]
  Italy ❌ No specific laws against bestiality, but in 2012 the Supreme Court of Cassation sentenced a man to six months in jail for forcing his dogs to have sex with women.[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

  Legal[81]   Legal[81]
  North Macedonia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Malta ✔️ Legal[111]
✔️ Legal ✔️ Legal
  Montenegro ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Portugal ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  San Marino ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Serbia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Spain ❌ Illegal since 30 March 2015

Penalty: Minimum of three months and one day to a maximum of one year of imprisonment and a year's disqualification and a day to three years for the exercise of profession, trade or business that is related to animals and animal husbandry[112][15][16]

  Legal[81]   Legal[81]
  Turkey ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment[113]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment and a maximum of four years' imprisonment

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Minimum of one year's imprisonment and a maximum of four years' imprisonment

  Vatican City ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

Western EuropeEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Belgium ❌ Illegal since 2007

Penalty: Maximum of 6 months in prison and a fine of €1,000[114]

❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

  France ❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Guernsey
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Ireland ❌ Illegal since 1634[116]

Penalty: Maximum of life in prison[117][118]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Isle of Man
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jersey
(Crown dependency of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Luxembourg ❌ Illegal[15]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Monaco ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Netherlands ❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum of 1 year in prison and €19,500 fine[119]

❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment or a fine of €7,800[120]

❌ Illegal since 2010

Penalty: Maximum 6 months' imprisonment or a fine of €7,800[120]

  United Kingdom ❌ Illegal since 1558
(As part of Kingdom of England for England and Wales only)

❌ Illegal since 1634
(As part of Kingdom of Ireland for Northern Ireland only)[116]
❌ Illegal
(As part of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for Scotland only)


Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison for conviction on indictment
Maximum of 6 months in prison and a fine for summary conviction[7][121]

❌ Illegal since 26 January 2009

Penalty: Maximum of 12 months' imprisonment in England or 6 months' imprisonment in Northern Ireland, a fine, or both on summary conviction
Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, a fine, or both on conviction on indictment[122]

❌ Illegal since 26 January 2009

Penalty: Maximum of 12 months' imprisonment in England or 6 months' imprisonment in Northern Ireland, a fine, or both on summary conviction
Maximum of 2 years' imprisonment, a fine, or both on conviction on indictment[122]

OceaniaEdit

AustralasiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  New Zealand ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of 7 years in prison ("bestiality")
Maximum of 3 years in prison ("indecency with animal")[123][124]

❓ Unknown ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of a $2000 fine for an individual ("possession an objectionable publication")
Maximum of 10 years in prison or a $50,000 fine for an individual ("possession of objectionable publications with knowledge")[125][126][127]

Commonwealth of AustraliaEdit
Country, state, or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Australia ❌ Illegal ❌ Illegal[128]

Penalty: ❓ Unknown

Importation (including downloading) illegal.
  Ashmore and Cartier Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Australian Antarctic Territory ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Australian Capital Territory ❌ Illegal since 2011

Penalty: Maximum ten years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Christmas Island ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Coral Sea Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Heard Island and McDonald Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Jervis Bay Territory ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  New South Wales ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum fourteen years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Norfolk Island ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Northern Territory ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum three years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Queensland ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum seven years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  South Australia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum ten years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tasmania ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum 21 years' imprisonment[129]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum two years' imprisonment and/or fine[130]

❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum one year imprisonment and/or fine[131]

  Victoria ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum five years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Western Australia ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum seven years' imprisonment[129]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

MelanesiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Fiji ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison with corporal punishment[132]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  New Caledonia
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Papua New Guinea ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❌ Illegal
Sale and distribution of any kind of pornography illegal
❌ Illegal
Ownership of any kind of pornography illegal
  Solomon Islands ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Vanuatu ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

MicronesiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  Guam
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
  Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Federated States of Micronesia ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Kiribati ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Marshall Islands ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Nauru ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Northern Mariana Islands
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
  Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Palau ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

PolynesiaEdit

Country or territory Bestiality Sale and distribution of zoophilic pornography Ownership of zoophilic pornography
  American Samoa
(Unincorporated territory of the United States)
  Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Easter Island
(Overseas territory of Chile)
  Legal[60] ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Cook Islands
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of seven years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  French Polynesia
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Niue
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Pitcairn Islands
(Overseas territory of the United Kingdom)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Samoa ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of five years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tokelau
(Part of the Realm of New Zealand)
❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tonga ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of ten years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Tuvalu ❌ Illegal

Penalty: Maximum of fourteen years in prison[14]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  United States Minor Outlying Islands
(Unincorporated organized territory of the United States)
  Legal ❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown
  Wallis and Futuna
(Overseas collectivity of France)
❌ Illegal since 9 March 2004

Penalty: Maximum of 2 years in prison and €30,000 fine[23]

❓ Unknown ❓ Unknown

HistoryEdit

Mentions in the pressEdit

  • Wisconsin, USA (2007) - Bryan James Hathaway was convicted for having sex with a dead deer. The court case raised some interesting legal issues because the statute prohibits sex with animals, but not carcasses. The defence raised the issue that if a dead animal was an animal, at what point would it cease to be an animal. He was sentenced to 6 months probation and labeled as a sex offender.[133]
  • Kansas, USA (2012) - Joshua Coman was convicted in Kansas of criminal sodomy (a misdemeanor), but the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that he did not have to register as a sex offender.[134][135]
  • Vancouver, Canada (2012) - Brian Cutteridge, bestiality proponent, was arrested after the SPCA claims to have a video of him engaging in sex with one of his dogs.[136]
  • Arizona, USA (2012) - Sarah Dae Walker and her husband pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit bestiality in a case where Craigslist was used.[137]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Denmark's bestiality ban moves forward". www.thelocal.dk. 25 February 2015. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Denmark officially bans bestiality". www.thelocal.dk. 21 April 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Denmark outlaws bestiality in narrow vote". www.cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  4. ^ Det Dyreetiske Råd: Udtalelse om menneskers seksuelle omgang med dyr Archived 12 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine, The Animal Ethics Council: Statement on the sexual relations of humans with animals
  5. ^ "Hubby does it doggy style". Archived from the original on 3 February 2005.
  6. ^ Regan, Tom. Animal Rights, Human Wrongs. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003, pp. 63–4, 89.
  7. ^ a b "Sexual Offences Act 2003, Section 69". HM Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 28 August 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  8. ^ The argument that "all sexual activity with animals is automatically abuse" was made for example, in 1) the 2004 case of State vs. Mitchell Archived 16 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine (Florida), 2) the 2004 Pony case in Utrecht, Holland (cited below), and 3) the 2006 Washington state law which asserts as its foundational premise that "animal cruelty in the first degree is committed when a person knowingly engages in sexual conduct or sexual contact with an animal." SB-6417 2006
  9. ^ "Man Charged With Sexually Abusing Animals". WBNS-10TV. 16 June 2011. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  10. ^ "The Animal In You". The Stranger. February–March 2006. Archived from the original on 11 April 2006. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
  11. ^ "Man charged with having intercourse with his Guide Dog". Archived from the original on 21 May 2008.
  12. ^ "Section 828.126, Florida Statutes". The Florida Senate. 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  13. ^ Aggrawal, Anil (2009). Forensic and Medico-legal Aspects of Sexual Crimes and Unusual Sexual Practices. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-4308-2. Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "State Sponsored Homophobia 2016: A world survey of sexual orientation laws: criminalisation, protection and recognition" (PDF). International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. 17 May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Denmark passes law to ban bestiality". BBC Newsbeat. 22 April 2015. Archived from the original on 6 August 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  16. ^ a b c d "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Penal Code of Cameroon" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 January 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d "Animal welfare in OIE member countries & territories in the SADC region" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2019. Retrieved 24 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Penal Code of Rwanda" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Criminal Code of Eritrea" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  22. ^ "Criminal Code of Ethiopia 2004 - Article 633.- Sexual Intercourse with an Animal" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 October 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "French Penal Code Article 521-1" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Penal Code Act, 2010 | Lesotho Legal Information Institute". lesotholii.org. Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  25. ^ Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act 32 of 2007 Archived 23 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine, s. 13.
  26. ^ Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996[permanent dead link] s. 24A(2) read with s. 18(3)(b)(ii).
  27. ^ "CRIMINAL LAW (CODIFICATION AND REFORM) ACT [CHAPTER 9:23" (PDF). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  28. ^ "An Act to amend the Criminal Code (bestiality and animal fighting)". 2019. Archived from the original on 12 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  29. ^ http://www.aguascalientes.gob.mx/gobierno/leyes/leyes_PDF/11082011_102428.pdf Archived 2 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine Ley De Proteccion A Los Animales Para El Estado De Aguascalientes. Accessed 24 January 2017.
  30. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Aprueban Ley de Protección Animal". El Informador :: Noticias de Jalisco, México, Deportes & Entretenimiento (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 30 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  32. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  33. ^ "Ley De Proteccion A La Fauna Para El Estado De Nayarit" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  34. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 November 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  36. ^ "LEY DE PROTECCIÓN ANIMAL DEL ESTADO DE QUERÉTARO - Información sobre leyes protectoras de animales en México". www.venfido.com.mx. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  37. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  38. ^ Vernon Pérez Rubio (7 November 2012). "Ley de protección a los animales para el estado de sonora". Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  39. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 8 March 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  41. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. ^ "Proyecto de ley #18298 Contra el Maltrato Animal (Texto Sustitutivo) | Facebook". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  43. ^ Pérez, Carlos Arrieta. "Diputados aclaran alcances y límites de la nueva Ley de Bienestar Animal". Diario Digital Nuestro País (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  44. ^ "DECRETO N.°LA ASAMBLEA LEGISLATIVA DE LA REPÚBLICA DE EL SALVADOR,CONSIDERANDO" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
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  47. ^ a b "Artículo 61. Infracciones Muy Graves. Son ifracciones muy graves". Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
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