Ledrinae is a relatively small subfamily within the very large and diverse leafhopper family Cicadellidae. Originally placed in its own family, the "Ledridae",[1] it is based on the type genus Ledra.

Ledrinae
Ledrine nymph.jpg
A nymph from southern India showing the typical form
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Infraorder: Cicadomorpha
Superfamily: Membracoidea
Family: Cicadellidae
Subfamily: Ledrinae
(Kirschbaum, 1867)

DescriptionEdit

The Ledrinae are mostly green or brown with a flattened body and tibiae. The ocelli are located near the crown and the forewings have a dense network of veins.

Tribes and GeneraEdit

The subfamily contains around 500 species which are divided into 5 to 7 tribes depending on the taxonomy followed. A 2009 revision treats the subfamily as having five tribes. The Afrorubrini are found only in southern Africa with 2 genera; the Hespenedrini has a single genus in Chile; Rubrini with a single genus in Australia; and two larger tribes that have a more widespread distribution, especially the Ledrini. Altogether there are more than 40 genera and around 14 others which are not well-placed.[2]

Genera considered members of the subfamily Ledrinae are listed below; Biolib.cz[3] currently lists seven tribes.

AfrorubriniEdit

An African tribe, created by Jones in 2009 and consist of two genera:[4]

LedriniEdit

The largest tribe (including Petalocephalini[2]), in number of genera, was originally erected by Fairmaire in 1855 and includes the following genera:[5]

Monotypic TribesEdit

  • Hespenedra Kramer, 1966 (tribe Hespenedrini)
  • Rubria Stål, 1865 c g (tribe Rubrini)

StenocotiniEdit

ThymbriniEdit

This tribe was erected by Evans in 1936; Biolib lists the following genera:[6]

XerophloeiniEdit

 
Xerophloea viridis

This tribe was erected by Oman in 1943; Biolib lists five genera:[7]

Data sources: i = ITIS,[8] c = Catalogue of Life,[9] g = GBIF,[10] b = Bugguide.net[11]

Note: Platyhynna Berg, 1884 c g is now placed in the tribe Hyalojassini (in the family Cicadellidae).

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kirschbaum (1867) Jahrb. nassau. Ver. Naturk., 21/22: 14; in: Melville RV, Smith JDD (1987)
  2. ^ a b Jones, J. R.; Deitz, L. L. (2009). "Phylogeny and systematics of the leafhopper subfamily Ledrinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 2186: 1–120.
  3. ^ "biolib.cz, subfamily Ledrinae". Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  4. ^ Biolib.cz: tribus Afrorubrini Jones, 2009 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
  5. ^ Biolib.cz: tribus Ledrini Fairmaire, 1855 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
  6. ^ Biolib.cz: tribus Thymbrini Evans, 1936 (retrieved 22 February 2020)
  7. ^ Biolib.cz: tribus Xerophloeini Oman, 1943 (retrieved 21 February 2020)
  8. ^ "ITIS, Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  9. ^ "Macrosiphoniella millefolii species details". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  10. ^ "Macrosiphoniella millefolii". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  11. ^ "Macrosiphoniella millefolii Species Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-13.

External linksEdit