Lednice (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɛdɲɪtsɛ]; German: Eisgrub) is a municipality and village in Břeclav District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,300 inhabitants. It is known as part of Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape, an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
|• Mayor||Libor Kabát|
|• Total||31.27 km2 (12.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||173 m (568 ft)|
|• Density||73/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Official name||Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape|
|Criteria||i, ii, iv|
|Inscription||1996 (20th session)|
Village of Nejdek is an administrative part of Lednice.
The first written mention of Lednice is from 1222 as a property of Sirotek family under its Latin name Izgruobi. In the mid-13th century it was passed into the hands of the House of Liechtenstein and its fortunes had been tied inseparably to those of that noble family.
|Census year||Population||Ethnicity of inhabitants|
In 1996 the Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an exceptional example of the designed landscape that evolved in the Enlightenment and afterwards under the care of a single family." Lednice contains a palace and the second largest castle park in the country, which covers 170 km2 (66 sq mi).
The palace of Lednice began its life as a Renaissance villa; in the 17th century it became a summer residence of the ruling Princes of Liechtenstein. The estate house, designed and furbished by baroque architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Domenico Martinelli, and Anton Johan Ospel, proclaimed rural luxury on the grandest scale. In 1846–58 it was extensively rebuilt in a Neo-Gothic style under the supervision of Georg Wingelmüller.
The surrounding park is laid out in an English garden style and contains a range of Romantic follies by Joseph Hardtmuth, including the artificial ruins of a medieval castle on the bank of the Thaya River (1801) and a solitary sixty-metre minaret, reputedly the tallest outside the Muslim world at the time of its construction (1797–1804).
Lednice lies in the Mikulovská wine region and is known for its wine production.
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
- "Historie". lednice.cz (in Czech). Obec Lednice. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- Historický místopis Moravy a Slezska v letech 1848–1960, vol.9. 1984
- "Decision: CONF 201 VIII.C; Inscription: The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape (Czech Republic)". unesco.org. UNESCO. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Lednický park". turistika.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 30 September 2020.
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