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Lebowa was a bantustan ("homeland") located in the Transvaal in northeastern South Africa.[3] Seshego initially acted as Lebowa's capital while the purpose-built Lebowakgomo was being constructed. Granted internal self-government on 2 October 1972 and ruled for much of its existence by Cedric Phatudi, Lebowa was reincorporated into South Africa in 1994. It became part of the Limpopo province. The territory was not contiguous, being divided into two major and several minor portions.[4]

Lebowa
1972–1994
Flag of Lebowa
Flag
Location of Lebowa (red) within South Africa (yellow).
Location of Lebowa (red) within South Africa (yellow).
StatusBantustan
CapitalLebowakgomo
Common languagesNorthern Sotho
English
Afrikaans
Chief Minister 
History 
• Self-government
2 October 1972
• Re-integrated into South Africa
27 April 1994
Area
1980[1]24,540 km2 (9,470 sq mi)
Population
• 1980[1]
1,700,000
• 1991[2]
2,740,587
CurrencySouth African rand
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of South Africa
Republic of South Africa

Even though Lebowa included large swathes of Sekukuniland[5] and was seen as a home for the Northern Sotho speaking ethnic groups such as the Pedi people, it was also home to various non-Northern Sotho speaking tribes, including the Northern Ndebele, Batswana and VaTsonga.

EtymologyEdit

The name "Lebowa" is a misspelling of the Northern Sotho word "leboa" which means "north". However, it was originally spelled correctly since the spelling of the word changed much later after the establishment of the homeland. The name was chosen as a compromise between the various Northern Sotho groups for which it was designed.

HistoryEdit

The North Sotho National Unit was founded on June 1st, 1960 in pursuance of separate development. It was created to be a homeland for Northern Sotho peoples such as Bapedi, Batlokwa, Babirwa, Banareng, Bahananwa, Balobedu, Bakone, Baroka, Bakgakga, Bahlaloga, Batau, Bakwena, Baphuthi, Batlou and many others. On October 2nd, 1972 it was granted internal self-governance and renamed Lebowa. [6]

The first black leader of the territory was Mokgoma Maurice Matlala who was handpicked by the apartheid authorities. He first led the North Sotho National Unit as its Executive Chief Councillor from August 1969 to October 2nd, 1972 at which point he became the Executive Chief Minister of Lebowa. The following year of 1973 on May 3rd Mokgoma's Lebowa National Party lost the first elections of the homeland to the Lebowa People's Party and Dr. Cedric Phatudi took over. He went on to win two more re-elections in 1978 and 1973 but died in his third term in 1987.[7] ZT Seleka was announced as the interim leader of the homeland. After elections, Mogoboya Nelson Ramodike became the Executive Chief Minister until 1989 when the office became the Prime Ministry.[8]

On April 24th, 1994 Nelson Ramodike resigned and the homeland had no active administration until April 27th when it was reintegrated into South Africa.

The overwhelming majority of its territory became part of the newly formed province of the Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo) and a smaller portion formed the newly created Eastern Transvaal province (now Mpumalanga).

Institutions of Higher EducationEdit

Districts in 1991Edit

Districts of the province and population at the 1991 census.[2]

  • Namakgale: 55,441
  • Bolobedu: 196,669
  • Sekgosese: 124,425
  • Bochum: 149,869
  • Mokerong: 446,155
  • Seshego: 302,676
  • Thabamoopo: 353,193
  • Nebo: 324,909
  • Sekhukhuneland: 404,335
  • Naphuno: 167,665
  • Mapulaneng: 215,250

Moutse district was seized from Lebowa in 1980 and was, despite violent resistance, officially integrated into KwaNdebele.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sally Frankental; Owen Sichone (2005-01-01). South Africa's Diverse Peoples: A Reference Sourcebook. ABC-CLIO. p. 187. ISBN 978-1-57607-674-3. Retrieved 2013-09-18.
  2. ^ a b "Census > 1991 > RSA > Variable Description > Person file > District code". Statistics South Africa - Nesstar WebView. Archived from the original on 19 June 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  3. ^ https://global.britannica.com/place/Lebowa
  4. ^ Lebowa - Britannica Online
  5. ^ Sekhukhuneland
  6. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/South_African_homelands.html
  7. ^ "Lebowa". South African History Online. 2011-03-16. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  8. ^ "South Africa - Bantustans". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  9. ^ Cock, Jacklyn; Nathan, Laurie (1989). War and Society: The Militarisation of South Africa. New Africa Books. ISBN 9780864861153.

Coordinates: 24°18′26″S 29°34′45″E / 24.30722°S 29.57917°E / -24.30722; 29.57917