League of Iranian Socialists

League of Socialists of the National Movement of Iran (Persian: جامعه سوسیالیست‌های نهضت ملی ایران, romanizedJāmeʿa-ye sōsīalīsthā-ye nahżat-e mellī-e Īrān) or Society of Iranian Socialists (Persian: جامعه سوسیالیست‌های ایران, romanizedJāmeʿa-ye sōsīalīsthā-ye Īrān) was a socialist nationalist party in Iran.

League of Iranian Socialists
LeaderReza Shayan[1]
SecretaryAmir Pishdad[2]
FounderKhalil Maleki[3]
Merger ofThird Force[3]
Social democracy
Iranian nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
Political positionLeft-wing[4]
National affiliation
International affiliationSocialist International

The party formally joined the Socialist International upon establishment.[4]

It was founded in 1960 by Third Force activists led by Khalil Maleki and a number of radical nationalists, most of whom had social democracy leanings and some members with Islamic socialism tendencies. Hossein Malek, Ahmad Sayyed Javadi and Jalal Al-e-Ahmad were among people associated with the group.[5]

The organization was a founding member of the National Front (II)[6] and was considered the "extereme left-wing" within the front.[4] It broke with the front and joined the National Democratic Front after the Iranian Revolution.[7] In the 1980 Iranian presidential election, the group supported People's Mujahedin of Iran nominee Massoud Rajavi.[8]


  1. ^ Robert A. Kilmarx, Yonah Alexander (2013). Business and the Middle East: Threats and Prospects. Elsevier. p. 123. ISBN 9781483189758.
  2. ^ Homa Katouzian (1999). Musaddiq and the struggle for power in Iran. I.B.Tauris. pp. 245, 250. ISBN 9781860642906.
  3. ^ a b Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 228. ISBN 1850431981.
  4. ^ a b c "Socialist League", Iran Almanac and Book of Facts (5th ed.), Echo of Iran, 1966, p. 240
  5. ^ Samih K. Farsoun, Mehrdad Mashayekhi (2005). Iran: Political Culture in the Islamic Republic. Routledge. p. 60. ISBN 9781134969470.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ Ervand Abrahamian (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 257–261. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  7. ^ Sussan Siavoshi (1990), Liberal nationalism in Iran: the failure of a movement, Westview Press, p. 157, ISBN 9780813374130
  8. ^ Ervand Abrahamian (1989), Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin, Society and culture in the modern Middle East, vol. 3, I.B.Tauris, p. 198, ISBN 9781850430773