Leader of the opposition (Germany)

The leader of the opposition in Germany is the parliamentary leader of the strongest opposition faction in the German parliament, the Bundestag. It is a nominal title that does not have any formal functions in the by-laws of the Bundestag. The leader of the opposition is normally the first person to respond to the most senior government spokesperson during a debate.[1][2]

Currently Alexander Gauland and Alice Weidel from the Alternative for Germany party are the leaders of the opposition, since 2017.[3]

List of opposition leaders in Germany since 1949 (Federal Republic of Germany)Edit

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Party Term of office Chancellor
Took office Left office Term Length
1 Kurt Schumacher (1895–1952) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
7 September 1949 20 August 1952 2 years, 348 days Konrad Adenauer
2 Erich Ollenhauer (1901–1963) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
27 September 1952 14 December 1963 11 years, 78 days Konrad Adenauer

Ludwig Erhard

3 Fritz Erler (1913–1967) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
1963 1966 2 years, 273 days Ludwig Erhard
4 Knut von Kühlmann-Stumm (1916–1977) Free Democratic Party
(FDP)
1 December 1966 23 January 1968 1 year, 53 days Kurt Georg Kiesinger
5 Wolfgang Mischnick (1921–2002) Free Democratic Party
(FDP)
23 January 1968 22 November 1969 1 year, 272 days Kurt Georg Kiesinger
6 Rainer Barzel (1924–2006) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
22 November 1969 17 May 1973 3 years, 207 days Willy Brandt
7 Karl Carstens (1914–1992) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
17 May 1973 13 September 1976 3 years, 119 days Willy Brandt

Helmut Schmidt

8 Helmut Kohl (1930–2017) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
13 September 1976 1 October 1982 6 years, 18 days Helmut Schmidt
9 Herbert Wehner (1906–1990) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
1 October 1982 8 March 1983 1 year, 158 days Helmut Kohl
10 Hans-Jochen Vogel (1926–2020) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
8 March 1983 12 November 1991 8 years, 249 days Helmut Kohl
11 Hans-Ulrich Klose (1937–) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
12 November 1991 10 November 1994 2 years, 363 days Helmut Kohl
12 Rudolf Scharping (1947–) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
10 November 1994 26 October 1998 3 years, 350 days Helmut Kohl
13 Wolfgang Schäuble (1942–) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
27 October 1998 29 February 2000 1 year, 125 days Gerhard Schröder
14 Friedrich Merz (1955–) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
29 February 2000 22 September 2002 2 years, 206 days Gerhard Schröder
15 Angela Merkel (1954–) Christian Democratic Union
(CDU)
22 September 2002 22 November 2005 3 years, 61 days Gerhard Schröder
16 Wolfgang Gerhardt (1943–) Free Democratic Party
(FDP)
22 November 2005 1 May 2006 160 days Angela Merkel
17 Guido Westerwelle (1961–2016) Free Democratic Party
(FDP)
1 May 2006 28 October 2009 3 years, 180 days Angela Merkel
18 Frank-Walter Steinmeier (1956–) Social Democratic Party of Germany
(SPD)
28 October 2009 16 December 2013 4 years, 49 days Angela Merkel
19 Gregor Gysi (1948–) The Left 17 December 2013 12 October 2015 1 year, 299 days Angela Merkel
20 Dietmar Bartsch (1958–)
Sahra Wagenknecht (1969–)
The Left 12 October 2015 24 October 2017 2 years, 12 days Angela Merkel
21 Alexander Gauland (1941–)
Alice Weidel (1979–)
Alternative for Germany
(AfD)
24 October 2017 Present 3 years, 232 days Angela Merkel

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Oppositionsführer - Ein Titel ohne Mittel". Cicero Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  2. ^ Online, FOCUS. "Opposition: Bedeutung und Rechte im Bundestag". FOCUS Online (in German). Retrieved 2018-07-31.
  3. ^ "Die AfD als Oppositionsführerin – das kommt auf den Bundestag zu". stern.de (in German). 2018-01-16. Retrieved 2018-07-31.