Le comte Ory

Le comte Ory is a comic opera written by Gioachino Rossini in 1828. Some of the music originates from his opera Il viaggio a Reims written three years earlier for the coronation of Charles X.[1] The French libretto was by Eugène Scribe and Charles-Gaspard Delestre-Poirson adapted from a comedy they had first written in 1817.

Le comte Ory
Opera by Gioachino Rossini
Le comte Ory - Dubois & chez Martinet - Final scene.jpg
Final scene, in 1828
Librettist
LanguageFrench
Premiere
20 August 1828 (1828-08-20)

The work is ostensibly a comic opera in that the story is humorous, even farcical. However, it was devised for the Opéra rather than for the Théâtre de l'Opéra-Comique and there are structural inconsistencies with the contemporary opéra comique genre: whereas the latter consists of relatively short lyrical numbers and spoken dialogue, Le comte Ory consists of "highly developed, even massive musical forms linked by accompanied recitative".[2] Although the opera contains some of Rossini's most colorful orchestral writing, the quaint, brief overture is oddly restrained and unassuming, ending with a whisper of pizzicato strings.

Performance historyEdit

It was first performed on 20 August 1828 at the Salle Le Peletier by the Paris Opera. It was given in London at the King's Theatre in Italian on 28 February 1829, in New Orleans at the Théâtre d'Orléans on 16 December 1830 and in New York on 22 August 1831.[2]

The work receives numerous productions at opera houses around the world. In April 2011 the opera received its premiere performances at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. The cast included Juan Diego Flórez, Diana Damrau and Joyce DiDonato, singing in a new production directed by Bartlett Sher. This production was broadcast on Metropolitan Opera Live in HD on April 9, 2011. It was revived in 2013 with Flórez repeating his role, but with a different supporting cast.[3]

RolesEdit

Roles, voice types, and premiere cast
Role Voice type Premiere cast, 20 August 1828
Conductor: François Habeneck[4]
Count Ory tenor Adolphe Nourrit
Tutor bass Nicolas Levasseur
Isolier mezzo-soprano (en travesti) Constance Jawureck
Raimbaud baritone Henri-Bernard Dabadie
The countess Adèle coloratura soprano Laure Cinti-Damoreau
Ragonde mezzo-soprano Augusta Mori
Alice soprano
1st Knight tenor Alexis Dupont
2nd Knight tenor Jean-Étienne-Auguste Massol
3rd Knight baritone Henri-Bernard Dabadie the younger
4th Knight baritone Ferdinand Prévôt
Chorus of Ory's men, ladies, crusaders, peasants

SynopsisEdit

Time: Circa 1200, during the Crusades
Place: Touraine

Act 1Edit

The countryside before the castle of Formoutiers

Scenes 1–3Edit

The lords and men of Formoutiers have been away on a crusade. Count Ory, who hopes to seduce the countess Adèle, takes advantage of the situation. Hoping to win her hand, he disguises himself as a hermit, aided by Raimbaud, his friend. Raimbaud announces that a wise hermit will visit the village to offer advice on matters of the heart. The castle is filled with women awaiting their husbands' and brothers' return from the crusades. Ragonde discloses that the countess hopes to have the hermit ease her sadness and Raimbaud assures her that the hermit's skill is unparalleled and has helped many widows find love.

The count Ory, disguised as a hermit, arrives at the castle. The people tell him their wishes and he invites the young ladies to visit him at his hermitage that evening. Ragonde explains that the ladies have sworn to live like widows in the countess's castle while their husbands and brothers are away on the crusade. She tells the disguised Ory that the countess Adèle wishes to speak with him to which he enthusiastically agrees. Ory retires to the hermitage with the women.

Scenes 4–6Edit

Ory's page Isolier and the tutor arrive on the scene, resting from their journey in the shade. They explain that the count Ory, who is under the tutor's care, has disappeared. The tutor explains that he is searching for Ory at the behest of Ory's father ("Veiller sans cesse"). When the tutor asks why the page brought him to this place, it is revealed that Isolier wishes to visit the countess's castle.

The ladies and other peasants exit the hermitage. When the tutor sees the pretty girls, he suspects the count is near. The women tell him the hermit came to town eight days ago – the same day the count disappeared from the tutor's watch. His suspicions deepen.

Scene 7Edit

Isolier is in love with the countess. He doesn't recognize Ory in disguise, and Isolier confides his love to the hermit, explaining his plan to sneak into the castle disguised as a female pilgrim (Duet: "Une dame de haut parage"). Isolier asks for the hermit's help: when the countess comes to him for advice, he should tell her that her torment is caused by her indifference and that the cure is to love Isolier. Ory likes this idea, but he is resolved to use it for his own ends.

Scene 8Edit

The countess Adèle consults the hermit about a cure for her melancholia ("En proie à la tristesse"). He proposes that she fall in love, which she promptly does, with Isolier. The "hermit" warns her not to trust "the faithful page of the terrible Count Ory" and she leads him to the castle.

Scene 9Edit

The tutor recognizes Raimbaud and Ory and everyone is shocked when the count's identity is revealed. Adèle receives a letter from her brother announcing that the crusade is over and the men will return to their homeland within two days.

Act 2Edit

A large room in the castle

Scenes 1–4Edit

A terrible storm persuades the countess and her attendants to welcome a group of fourteen pilgrims surprised by the elements. These pilgrims are actually Ory and his men in disguise. Ory's new disguise is as "Sister Colette". Left alone with the countess, Ory passionately approaches her (Duet: "Ah! quel respect, Madame<").

Scenes 5–8Edit

Served only milk and fruit for dinner, the "pilgrims" note the lack of wine. Raimbaud to the rescue – he has broken into the castle wine cellar and returns with enough for everyone. They toast the countess's absent brother ("Dans ce lieu solitaire"). Ragonde enters to check on them and they pretend to pray, hiding the bottles. She returns with the countess, who praises them for their piety.

Scene 9Edit

Isolier arrives at the castle to let the women know that their husbands and brothers will be arriving at midnight. Upon hearing that the ladies have welcomed a group of pilgrims into the castle, Isolier recognizes that it is Ory and his men. He shares this revelation with the women, who are afraid of what their husbands will think upon finding them in a castle with fourteen men.

Scene 10–11Edit

After everyone is in bed, Ory enters countess Adèle's room. He woos her, not realizing in the dark that it is Isolier's hand he is holding (Trio: "À la faveur de cette nuit obscure").

The men return from the crusade. Isolier reveals himself to count Ory and helps him and his men escape from the castle.

RecordingsEdit

Year Cast:
Count Ory,
TCountess Adèle,
Isolier,
Ragonde,
Raimbaud,
Tutor
Conductor,
chorus and orchestra
Label[5]
1956 Juan Oncina,
Sári Barabás,
Cora Canne-Meijer,
Monica Sinclair,
Michel Roux,
Ian Wallace
Vittorio Gui
Glyndebourne Festival Chorus and Orchestra,
HMV studio recording
CD: Urania, cat: WS 121109;
and EMI (2 LPs), cat: RLS 744 (mono)
1959 Michel Sénéchal,
Sári Barabás,
Cora Canne-Meijer,
Monica Sinclair,
Robert Massard
Vittorio Gui
Chorus and Orchestra of RAI Torino,
live in Torino
CD: Arkadia, cat: MP 458.2;
and Living Stage, cat: LS 4035130
1979 Rockwell Blake,
Ashley Putnam,
Faith Esham,
Jane Shaulis,
David Holloway
Imre Palló
Chorus and Orchestra of New York City Opera,
live in New York
CD: Celestial Audio, cat: CA 368
1988 John Aler,
Sumi Jo,
Diana Montague,
Raquel Pierotti,
Gino Quilico,
Gilles Cachemaille
John Eliot Gardiner
Choeur et Orchestre de l’Opéra de Lyon,
studio recording
CD: Philips Classics Records, cat: 422 406-2
1995 William Matteuzzi,
Sumi Jo,
Marie-Ange Todorovitch,
Nadine Chery,
Jean-Luc Chaignaud,
Gregory Reinhart
Evelino Pidò
Choeur du Festival d’Aix-en-Provence, and Orchestre Européen du Festival,
stage-directed by Marcel Maréchal
DVD: Premiere Opera
1997 Marc Laho,
Annick Massis,
Diana Montague,
Jane Shaulis,
Ludovic Tézier,
Julien Robbins
Andrew Davis
Glyndebourne Festival Chorus and the London Philharmonic Orchestra,
stage-directed by Jérôme Savary
DVD: NVC Arts, cat: 0630 18646-2;
and Kultur, cat: D 2983
2002 Huw Rhys-Evans,
Linda Gerrard,
Luisa Islam-Ali-Zade,
Luca Salsi,
Gloria Montanari,
Wojtek Gierlach
Brad Cohen
Czech Philharmonic Choir (from Brno) and the Czech Chamber Soloists,
live at Rossini in Wildbad
CD: Naxos Records
2003 Juan Diego Flórez,
Stefania Bonfadelli,
Marie-Ange Todorovitch,
Bruno Praticò,
Marina De Liso,
Alastair Miles
Jesús López Cobos
Coro da Camera di Praga (chorus master Lubomír Mátl) and Orchestra of Teatro Comunale di Bologna,
live in Pesaro
CD: Deutsche Grammophon
2011 Juan Diego Flórez,
Diana Damrau,
Joyce DiDonato,
Stéphane Degout,
Susanne Resmark,
Michele Pertusi
Maurizio Benini
Chorus and Orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera,
stage-directed by Bartlett Sher
DVD: Virgin Classics
2011 Javier Camarena,
Cecilia Bartoli,
Rebeca Olvera,
Liliana Nikiteanu,
Oliver Widmer,
Ugo Guagliardo
Muhai Tang
Chorus of Zürich Opera and Orchestra La Scintilla (Zürich),
stage-directed by Moshe Leiser and Patrice Caurier
DVD: Decca, cat: 001808509
2018 Leonardo Ferrando,
Erika Miklósa,
Daniela Pini,
Irina de Baghy,
Igor Bakan,
Lars Arvidson
Tobias Ringborg, Malmö Opera orchestra and chorus,
stage-directed by Linda Mallik
DVD:Naxos Records
Cat:2110388

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Osborne 1994, p. 18.
  2. ^ a b Gossett & Brauner 2001, p. 793
  3. ^ Met Opera website
  4. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Le comte Ory, 20 August 1828". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  5. ^ Recordings of Le comte Ory on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk

Cited sources

  • Gossett, Philip; Brauner, Patricia (2001). "Le comte Ory". In Holden, Amanda (ed.). The New Penguin Opera Guide. New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-14-029312-4.
  • Osborne, Charles (1994). The Bel Canto Operas of Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 0931340713.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit