Le Tampon (French pronunciation: ​[lə tɑ̃pɔ̃]) is the fourth-largest commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It is located on the south-central part of the island of Réunion, adjacent to Saint-Pierre.

Le Tampon
The church of Le Tampon
The church of Le Tampon
Réunion-Tampon.png
Location of Le Tampon
Coordinates: 21°16′41″S 55°30′55″E / 21.2781°S 55.5153°E / -21.2781; 55.5153Coordinates: 21°16′41″S 55°30′55″E / 21.2781°S 55.5153°E / -21.2781; 55.5153
CountryFrance
Overseas region and departmentRéunion
ArrondissementSaint-Pierre
Canton2 cantons
IntercommunalityCA du Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) André Thien Ah Koon[1]
Area
1
165.43 km2 (63.87 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
79,824
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+04:00
INSEE/Postal code
97422 /97430
Elevation287–2,418 m (942–7,933 ft)
(avg. 546 m or 1,791 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

In the early twentieth century, the town was the base for the murderer and sorcerer Sitarane.[3]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Le Tampon has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Le Tampon is 13.8 °C (56.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,020.2 mm (79.54 in) with February as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in February, at around 17.3 °C (63.1 °F), and lowest in July, at around 10.3 °C (50.5 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Le Tampon was 29.6 °C (85.3 °F) on 26 October 2011; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −1.7 °C (28.9 °F) on 18 August 1988.

Climate data for Le Tampon (altitude 860m, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1969–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.5
(79.7)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79.0)
26.9
(80.4)
28.3
(82.9)
30.1
(86.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.5
(88.7)
Average high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
25.4
(77.7)
23.7
(74.7)
21.8
(71.2)
21.0
(69.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
24.4
(75.9)
26.0
(78.8)
24.0
(75.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
20.6
(69.1)
18.8
(65.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61.0)
16.7
(62.1)
17.8
(64.0)
19.2
(66.6)
20.9
(69.6)
19.1
(66.4)
Average low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
17.8
(64.0)
17.2
(63.0)
15.9
(60.6)
13.9
(57.0)
12.0
(53.6)
11.1
(52.0)
11.0
(51.8)
11.4
(52.5)
12.5
(54.5)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
12.5
(54.5)
11.0
(51.8)
9.1
(48.4)
7.9
(46.2)
6.3
(43.3)
5.0
(41.0)
5.6
(42.1)
5.2
(41.4)
5.9
(42.6)
6.1
(43.0)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 313.3
(12.33)
321.8
(12.67)
195.8
(7.71)
111.9
(4.41)
72.0
(2.83)
61.3
(2.41)
55.4
(2.18)
31.1
(1.22)
35.0
(1.38)
34.0
(1.34)
49.8
(1.96)
143.0
(5.63)
1,424.4
(56.08)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.3 13.9 11.9 8.5 7.1 6.2 5.5 4.3 4.3 4.9 6.6 9.7 96.2
Source: Météo-France[4]
Climate data for Le Tampon (Plaine des Cafres, altitude 1560m, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1965–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.2
(79.2)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
22.5
(72.5)
21.9
(71.4)
23.5
(74.3)
24.8
(76.6)
29.6
(85.3)
28.2
(82.8)
26.7
(80.1)
29.6
(85.3)
Average high °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
18.7
(65.7)
16.6
(61.9)
15.7
(60.3)
16.1
(61.0)
17.1
(62.8)
18.8
(65.8)
20.3
(68.5)
21.4
(70.5)
19.2
(66.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.6
(63.7)
17.1
(62.8)
15.9
(60.6)
13.7
(56.7)
11.5
(52.7)
10.7
(51.3)
10.8
(51.4)
11.6
(52.9)
13.1
(55.6)
14.6
(58.3)
16.3
(61.3)
14.2
(57.6)
Average low °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
13.3
(55.9)
12.5
(54.5)
11.1
(52.0)
8.7
(47.7)
6.5
(43.7)
5.7
(42.3)
5.5
(41.9)
6.1
(43.0)
7.5
(45.5)
8.8
(47.8)
11.2
(52.2)
9.2
(48.6)
Record low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
5.0
(41.0)
4.2
(39.6)
2.2
(36.0)
0.8
(33.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 426.1
(16.78)
427.8
(16.84)
303.0
(11.93)
124.0
(4.88)
80.6
(3.17)
62.1
(2.44)
62.4
(2.46)
50.1
(1.97)
43.2
(1.70)
42.5
(1.67)
62.9
(2.48)
162.7
(6.41)
1,847.4
(72.73)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.1 15.2 13.8 11.5 10.0 9.5 10.3 8.8 7.7 6.3 6.8 10.8 125.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 166.4 138.6 165.1 165.2 182.4 176.9 182.2 193.5 188.4 184.0 182.4 164.6 2,089.7
Source 1: Météo France[5]
Source 2: Meteociel.fr (sunshine 1981-2010)[6]

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1961 24,335—    
1967 31,378+4.33%
1974 36,107+2.03%
1982 40,545+1.46%
1990 47,593+2.02%
1999 60,323+2.67%
2007 70,539+1.97%
2012 75,631+1.40%
2017 78,629+0.78%
Source: SPLAF[7] and INSEE (1967-2017)[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Iledelareunion.net: Sitarane (in French)
  4. ^ "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1991-2020 et records" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved August 30, 2022.
  5. ^ "Climate of Plaine des Cafres 1991-2020" (PDF) (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  6. ^ "Normales / Moyennes 1981-2010 / Plaine des Cafres (974)" (in French). Météo-France. Retrieved September 1, 2022.
  7. ^ SPLAF (la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France). "Agglomérations et villes de la Réunion" [Towns and cities of Reunion Island]. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  8. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit