Lazarev (urban-type settlement)
|Federal subject||Khabarovsk Krai|
|Urban-type settlement status since||1952|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (MSK+7 )|
It is located on Cape Lazarev, on the mainland Russian coast of Nevelskoy Strait, 729km north east of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. It is known for being the closest settlement on the Russian mainland to the island of Sakhalin, which is only 7.3 km across the strait from Cape Lazarev. It was also one of the end points for an unfinished tunnel to Sakhalin, constructed between the years 1950-53 by the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin.
The settlement had its beginnings in 1849 with the expedition of Gennady Nevelskoy, who founded the village of Mys Lazareva ("Cape Lazarev"). The cape and settlement were named for Russian admiral Mikhail Lazarev.
In 1950, construction began on the construction of a tunnel to Sakhalin, with Cape Lazarev to be the location of the western (mainland) portal. Construction was abandoned after Stalin's death in 1953, without any of the actual tunnel being dug. However, some construction shafts are still visible near the settlement.
The village received urban-type settlement status in 1952, at which point its name was shortened to simply "Lazarev".
The town's two main employers are the timber and natural gas industries. There is a pumping station for gas and oil from Sakhalin. During the Soviet era, the town also had some fishing activity.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
- History of the Sakhalin Tunnel under Stalin (Russian) Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine