Lawrence University is a private liberal arts college and conservatory of music in the north central United States, located in Appleton, Wisconsin. Founded in 1847, its first classes were held on November 12, 1849. Lawrence was the second college in the U.S. to be founded as a coeducational institution.
|Motto||Light! More Light!|
Veritas est lux
Motto in English
|Truth is Light|
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
Associated Colleges of the Midwest
|Endowment||$361.1 million (2020)|
|Campus||Urban - 84 acres (34 ha) |
Björklunden - 425 acres (172 ha)
|NCAA Division III – Midwest Conference|
Lawrence's first president, William Harkness Sampson, founded the school with Henry R. Colman, using $10,000 provided by philanthropist Amos Adams Lawrence, and matched by the Methodist church. Both founders were ordained Methodist ministers, but Lawrence was Episcopalian. The school was originally named Lawrence Institute of Wisconsin in its 1847 charter from the Wisconsin Territorial Legislature, but the name was changed to Lawrence University before classes began in November 1849. Its oldest extant building, Main Hall, was built in 1853. Lawrence University was the second coeducational institution in the country.
From 1913 until 1964, it was named Lawrence College, to emphasize its small size and liberal arts education focus. The name returned to Lawrence University when it merged with Milwaukee-Downer College. The state of Wisconsin then purchased the Milwaukee-Downer property and buildings to expand the campus of the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. Initially, the university designated two entities: Lawrence College for Men and Downer College for Women. This separation has not lasted in any material form, though degrees are still conferred "on the recommendation of the Faculty of Lawrence and Downer Colleges" and the university by-laws still make the distinction.
During World War II, Lawrence College was one of 131 colleges and universities in the nation that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program, which offered students a path to a Navy commission.
The Lawrence Conservatory of Music, usually referred to as "the Con", was founded in 1874. Lawrence offers two degrees: a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Music. It also offers a five-year dual degree program, where students can receive both B.A. and B.Mus. degrees.
Freshman Studies at Lawrence is a mandatory two-term class, in which all students study the same selected 11 classic works of literature, art, and music, the list varying from year to year. President Nathan M. Pusey is credited with initiating the program in 1945, although Professor Waples chaired the Freshman Studies Committee and was responsible for implementing the program. The program continues to this day, despite being temporarily suspended in 1975.
In 2005, LU initiated a capital campaign called "More Light!", which aimed at raising $150 million. By October 2011 the college had raised $160,272,839, with the conclusion event held on October 28, 2011.
Lawrence University is part of the Oberlin Group, a consortium of liberal arts college libraries.
The traditions and heritage of Milwaukee-Downer are woven into the Appleton campus, from the grove of hawthorn trees (called Hawthornden) between Brokaw and Colman halls, to the sundial on the back of Main Hall, to the bestowing upon each class a class color and banner.
The Lawrence Dean of Women was referred to as the "Dean of Downer", but when the offices of Dean of Men and Dean of Women were merged to form the Dean of Students, the substantive duties of the "Dean of Downer" came to an end; the title is still borne by a senior female professor, but her only duty is to carry the Downer Mace in academic processions. For many years the women's choir was called the Downer Chorus. At one time the BA was conferred upon women in the name of "Downer College of Lawrence University" and upon men in the name of "Lawrence College of Lawrence University"; now all B.A. degrees are conferred in the name of "Lawrence & Downer Colleges of Lawrence University." (The B.Mus. degree is from "the Lawrence University Conservatory of Music.)
- 1849–1853 William Harkness Sampson, principal
- 1853–1859 Edward Cooke, president
- 1859–1865 Russell Zelotes Mason, president
- 1865–1879 George McKendree Steele, president
- 1879–1889 Elias DeWitt Huntley, president
- 1883–1889 Bradford Paul Raymond, president
- 1889–1893 Charles Wesley Gallagher, president
- 1893–1894 L. Wesley Underwood, acting president
- 1894–1924 Samuel G. Plantz, president
- 1925–1937 Henry Merritt Wriston, president
- 1937–1943 Thomas Nichols Barrows, president
- 1944–1953 Nathan Marsh Pusey, president
- 1954–1963 Douglas Maitland Knight, president
- 1963–1969 Curtis William Tarr, president
- 1969–1979 Thomas S. Smith, president
- 1979–2004 Richard Warch, president
- 2004–2013 Jill Beck, president
- 2013–2021 Mark Burstein, president
Presidents of Milwaukee-Downer CollegeEdit
Lawrence University operates on a trimester calendar. The academic year runs from mid-September to mid-June. The student/faculty ratio at Lawrence is 9:1. Lawrence grants Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music degrees, with a double degree possible. Lawrence offers a number of cooperative degree programs in areas such as engineering, health sciences and environmental studies.
The college offers majors in most of the liberal arts. The school also offers the option of interdisciplinary areas of study and allows students to design their own majors. All students are required to take Freshman Studies, which introduces students to broad areas of study and provides a common academic experience for the college. Lawrence's freshman studies program focuses on a mixture of Great Books and more contemporary, influential works. The 2013–2014 list included Plato's Republic and Alison Bechdel's Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic.
The school has an independent study option that allows students to design their own courses. This allows students to explore academic interests not covered by Lawrence's classes or to explore topics more deeply. Over 90% of the students take advantage of the independent study program.
Conservatory of MusicEdit
The Lawrence University Conservatory of Music was founded in 1874 and has been a part of Lawrence University ever since. The Conservatory offers Bachelor of Music degrees in Performance, Theory/Composition, Music Education, and a five-year double degree option that grants both a BM degree from the Conservatory and a BA degree from the College. Approximately 25% of the Lawrence student body, or 350 students, is in the Conservatory. The Conservatory has three choirs, two bands, two jazz ensembles, a symphony orchestra, an improvisation collective, five world music ensembles, and numerous chamber music groups.
The 84-acre (34 ha) campus is located in downtown Appleton, divided into two parts by the Fox River. The academic campus is on the north shore of the river, and the major athletic facilities (including the 5,000-seat Banta Bowl) are on the southeast shore. Lawrence also has a 425-acre (1.7 km2) northern estate called Björklunden (full name: Björklunden vid sjön), which serves as a site for retreats, seminars, concerts, and theatrical performances. It contains a chapel for weddings. Donald and Winifred Boynton of Highland Park, Illinois, donated the property in Door County to Lawrence in 1963.
In the mid-1980s, the Physics Department built a $330,000 small laser laboratory (known as the "laser palace"), which includes 800 5 mW small lasers and more than 500 mirrors.
In 2009, Lawrence opened the Richard and Margot Warch Campus Center, a gathering place for students, faculty, staff, alumni, and guests from the Fox Cities community. The 107,000-square-foot (9,900 m2) building is situated on the Fox River on the site of the former Hulburt House. The Warch Campus Center includes a cinema, campus dining services, campus mailboxes, and various meeting and event spaces. The building has earned a LEED Gold certification for meeting sustainability goals in energy conservation, environmental friendliness, and green building.
The college has a long history of razing buildings on its campus, because of the limited land available for constructing new buildings. Many buildings on campus are built on the site of former buildings. Some razed buildings include:
- Peabody Hall of Music (20th century)
- Hamar Union (1960)
- Underwood Observatory (1962)
- Alexander Gym I (1962)
- Carnegie Library (1964)
- Worcester Art Center (1987)
- Stephenson Hall of Science (1998)
- Hulbert House (2006) (new construction: Warch Campus Center, 2009)
Lawrence enrolls about 1,500 students who hail from nearly every U.S. state. The total enrollment in academic year 2010–11 was 1,566 students, the largest student body in Lawrence University's history. Over 75% of the students identify as white, about 12% are international students, and about 25% of students study in the conservatory of music. In the fall of 2014, a quarter of the incoming class were domestic students of color.
Lawrence students have been named Rhodes Scholars seven times. Since 1976, 57 students and nine faculty have received Fulbright Scholarships. Since 1969, 73 students have been named Watson Fellows.
At the beginning of every academic year in September, incoming freshmen arrive a week before returning students to partake in Welcome Week. During Welcome Week, various activities are planned in order to help the incoming class get to know one another and to help them acclimate to college life. During the first night of Welcome Week, students and their parents attend the President's Welcome, which concludes with the traditional matriculation handshake, where every member of the incoming class shakes hands and exchanges words with the university's president.
During the fall term, the on-campus fraternity Beta Theta Pi hosts the annual Beach Bash. For this event, the brothers of ΒθΠ shovel approximately 14 tons of sand into the fraternity house basement, and install a boardwalk and a lifeguard station that doubles as a DJ booth.This tradition was skipped in 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
During spring term, Lawrence hosts a music festival, LU-aroo (a play on words on the popular music festival Bonnaroo). Held on the quad, the festival features many talented student bands, both from the college and the conservatory. In 2016, the musician The Tallest Man on Earth played at the festival.
Also during spring term, many seniors participate in the Senior Streak, which typically happens during the eighth week of the term. The goal of the senior streak is to provide seniors with one last opportunity to let loose before finals, graduation, and post-college life. Although rumor says that the senior streak was created as a result of former president Richard Warch's aversion to the activity, this has been proven to be false. Students, often coming from Lawrence's on-campus bar, the Viking Room, strip their clothes and run around the area of Main Hall, as one last hurrah before finals and graduation.
The student newspaper, The Lawrentian, has been published for over a century.
Northern Collegiate Hockey Association (hockey only)
|Athletic director||Kim Tatro|
|Football stadium||Banta Bowl (5,255)|
|Basketball arena||Alexander Gymnasium|
|Baseball stadium||Whiting Field|
|Fight song||"Go, Lawrence, Go"|
|Colors||Navy and White|
Lawrence University's intercollegiate athletic teams, known as the Vikings since 1926, compete in the Midwest Conference in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, football, golf, ice hockey, soccer, swimming & diving, tennis, and track & field; women's sports include basketball, cross country, fencing, golf, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field, and volleyball.
In 2005–06, the men's basketball team was ranked first in Division III for much of the season, after starting the season unranked. The Vikings were the only undefeated team in all divisions of college basketball for the last six weeks of the season, ending with a record of 25–1. Star forward Chris Braier won the Josten's Award as the top player in the country for both playing ability and community service. Coach John Tharp was named Division III Midwest Coach of the Year. Beginning in 2004, Lawrence qualified for the Division III national tournament in five of the next six years (2004, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009). Their best result was in 2004, advancing to the quarterfinals (Elite 8), but fell to eventual national champion Wisconsin–Stevens Point by a point in overtime at Tacoma, Washington.
In 2011, Lawrence's men's cross country team won the Midwest Conference championships for the first time since 1985, beating Grinnell College and ending its 14-year winning streak.
In 2011 Newsweek named Lawrence University the 18th most rigorous U.S. college. In 2011, Forbes ranked Lawrence 63rd on the list of America's (600) Best Colleges, which combined national research universities, liberal arts colleges, and military academies in a single survey. Lawrence was ranked 56th on the 2013 U.S. News: List of Best U.S. National Liberal Arts Colleges. Lawrence was included in Loren Pope's 1996 book, Colleges That Change Lives. InsideCollege lists Lawrence University as a college of distinction.
- William Chaney, historian
- Richard N. Current, historian
- William H. Riker, political scientist
- Charles B. Schudson, judge
- Fred Sturm, jazz composer and musician
- Arthur Thrall, artist
- Harry Dexter White, economist, first U.S. Director of IMF (1946–47), and Soviet informant
- John Holiday, opera singer, music professor, and finalist on season 19 of The Voice.
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- Martha Bablitch, judge of the Wisconsin Court of Appeals
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- William Baer, Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division
- Melvin Baldwin, Congressman from Minnesota
- Charles A. Barnard, Wisconsin State Representative
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- Lisle Blackbourn, 1925, NFL head coach
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- Alexander Brazeau, Wisconsin State Representative
- Webster E. Brown, Congressman from Wisconsin (attended)
- Bonnie Bryant, 1968, author of children's books
- Louis B. Butler Jr., 1973, associate justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court
- Thomas Callaway, Actor and Interior Designer
- Robert A. Collins, Wisconsin State Representative
- Julia Colman (1828–1909), American temperance educator, activist, editor, writer
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- James Dinsdale, Wisconsin State Representative
- William Diver, 1942, linguist and founder of the Columbia School of Linguistics
- William Draheim, Wisconsin State Senator
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- James A. Frear, Congressman from Wisconsin (attended)
- Earle W. Fricker, Wisconsin State Representative
- William Fuller, 1975, Poet and senior vice president and chief fiduciary officer of Northern Trust Corporation
- Dominic Fumusa, 1991, actor
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- Robert J. Gamble, 1874, Congressman from South Dakota
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- Lorena Hickok, confidante of Eleanor Roosevelt (attended)
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- Frank W. Humphrey, 1881, Wisconsin State Representative
- Bruce Iglauer, founder of Alligator Records
- Lester Johnson, Congressman from Wisconsin
- Zachary Scot Johnson, 2001, singer-songwriter and creator of Thesongadayproject
- Jeffrey Jones, 1968, actor
- Scott Klug, 1975 former congressman from Wisconsin
- Peter Kolkay, bassoonist
- Eddie Kotal, National Football League player
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- Barbara Lawton, 1987, Lieutenant Governor of Wisconsin
- Fred Lerdahl, 1965, composer and music theorist
- John A. Luke Jr., 1971, CEO of MeadWestvaco
- Harry N. MacLean, 1964, true crime author
- Momodu Maligie, 2004, Minister of Water Resources for Sierra Leone
- William H. Markham, Wisconsin State Senator
- John McDonald, NFL player
- James H. McGillan, mayor of Green Bay, Wisconsin
- James Merrell, 1975, professor of history at Vassar College
- John S. Mills, U.S. Air Force major general
- Terry Moran, 1982, chief White House correspondent for ABC News
- David Mulford, 1969, United States Ambassador to India
- William F. Nash, Wisconsin State Senator
- George Allen Neeves, Wisconsin State Representative
- Tom Neff, 1975, CEO and founder of The Documentary Channel
- Justus Henry Nelson, missionary in the Amazon (attended)
- Garth Neustadter, 2011 Emmy winner, Outstanding Music Composition for a Series
- Angelia Thurston Newman, poet, author, lecturer
- Roger Nicoll, 1963, neuroscientist at UCSF
- Jessica Nelson North, 1917, author
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- Josh Sawyer, video game designer at Obsidian Entertainment
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- Campbell Scott, 1983, actor
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