Lawrence Hyde (attorney-general)

Sir Lawrence Hyde II (1562 – 26 January 1641) was an English lawyer who was Attorney-general to the consort of King James I, Anne of Denmark. He sat in the House of Commons at various times between the years 1584 and 1611.

Arms of Hyde: Azure, a chevron between three lozenges or


Hyde was the second son of Lawrence Hyde I (d. 1590) of West Hatch, Wiltshire, MP for Heytesbury in 1584, by his second wife Anne Sibell, daughter of Nicholas Sibell of Farningham, Kent, and widow of Matthew Colthurst of Claverton, Somerset.[1] He was the brother of Henry Hyde (c. 1563–1634), MP, and Sir Nicholas Hyde (c. 1572–1631), Lord Chief Justice.


He matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford in around 1579, aged 17 and was awarded BA on 9 March 1580.[2] He was elected Member of Parliament for Chippenham in 1586.[3] He lived at Heale House, Middle Woodford, near Salisbury and was called to the bar at Middle Temple in 1589.[2]

Hyde was elected MP for Heytesbury in 1597 and for Marlborough in 1601 and 1604.[3] He became Attorney-general to Anne of Denmark, consort of King James I, and was knighted on 27 November 1614. In 1616 he became treasurer of the Middle Temple.[2]

Marriage and childrenEdit

Hyde married Barbara Castillion, daughter of John Baptista Castillion of Benham, Berkshire, by whom he had 12 sons and 5 daughters.[4] Five of his sons rose to significant positions:


  1. ^ History of Parliament biography of Lawrence I Hyde
  2. ^ a b c 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500–1714: Horrobin-Hyte', Alumni Oxonienses 1500–1714: Abannan-Kyte (1891), pp. 748–784. Date accessed: 7 July 2011
  3. ^ a b Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229–239.
  4. ^ "History of Parliament". Retrieved 27 October 2011.