Lauwersmeer National Park

Lauwersmeer National Park (Dutch: Nationaal Park Lauwersmeer) is a national park in the provinces of Friesland and Groningen in the Netherlands. It consists of the southern and eastern parts of the Lauwersmeer (previously Lauwerszee).

Lauwersmeer National Park
Nationaal Park Lauwersmeer
Kollumerwaard
De Baak lookout in April 2008
Map of the National Park
Map of the National Park
LocationFriesland/Groningen, Netherlands
Coordinates53°21′50″N 6°12′00″E / 53.364°N 6.200°E / 53.364; 6.200Coordinates: 53°21′50″N 6°12′00″E / 53.364°N 6.200°E / 53.364; 6.200
Area60 km2 (23 sq mi)
Established2003
Governing bodyStaatsbosbeheer
www.np-lauwersmeer.nl
Official nameLauwersmeer
Designated29 August 2000
Reference no.1247[1]

GeographyEdit

In the north of the Netherlands, the Lauwers river forms part of the east-west border between the provinces of Friesland and Groningen. The Lauwers flows from south to north into the Wadden Sea. The Lauwersmeer is its estuary, which is connected to the sea via a sluice at Lauwersoog. The national park consists of most of the Lauwersmeer and is situated in the Frisian municipalities of Dongeradeel and Kollumerland c.a. in Friesland and the Groningen municipality of De Marne.[2]

HistoryEdit

On 25 May 1969, the Lauwers Sea was enclosed and separated from the Wadden Sea,[3][4] since then it has been called Lauwersmeer.

The Lauwersmeer gradually became a freshwater lake and new flora and fauna appeared. To protect this new and young nature area, the Lauwersmeer became a national park on 12 November 2003.[5]

Fauna and floraEdit

Among the flora are the purple Dactylorhiza maculata and the witte Parnassia.

Among the birds living in the area are the Eurasian Spoonbill, the Montagu's Harrier, the Bearded Reedling, and the Bluethroat. For the winter, hundred thousands of birds migrate to the area, like the Eurasian Wigeon, the Tundra Swan, and the Barnacle Goose.

To keep the landscape open, big grazers are used like the Konik horses and Highland cattle, besides normal horses and cows.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lauwersmeer". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Lauwersmeer op koers!, Province of Groningen, 2014. Retrieved on 6 February 2015.
  3. ^ "De kleppen zijn dicht, de Lauwerszee is gesloten". Leeuwarder Courant. 27 May 1969. Retrieved 28 September 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Lauwerszee R.I.P." Leeuwarder Courant. 27 May 1969. Retrieved 28 September 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Valk Helpt Minister Veerman in Lauwersmeer". Leeuwarder Courant. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 28 September 2009. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit